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Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2005;66(1):3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005
Author
Dawna Royall
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2005;66(1):3
Date
2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Food Supply
Humans
Hunger - physiology
Poverty
PubMed ID
15780149 View in PubMed
Less detail

Do healthy food baskets assess food security?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature183764
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2003 Spring-Summer;24(2-3):65-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
Tasnim Nathoo
Jean Shoveller
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, James Mather Building, 5804 Fairview Avenue, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z3. tasmin@interchange.ubc.ca
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2003 Spring-Summer;24(2-3):65-9
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Costs and Cost Analysis
Ecology - methods
Food Habits
Food Supply - economics - standards
Humans
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Surveys
Population Surveillance - methods
Residence Characteristics
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Developing indicators to measure the different facets of food security presents numerous conceptual and methodological challenges. This paper adopts an ecological framework to reflect on these issues through an examination of the Healthy Food Basket (HFB) tool. The HFB tool is used to measure food security conditions by determining the cost and availability of a group of foods in a shopping basket across a range of stores in different regions and neighbourhoods. The paper discusses the ability of the HFB tool to describe micro-, meso- and macro-level influences on food security and the use of the ecological model in developing complementary and alternative strategies for understanding and monitoring food security.
PubMed ID
12959676 View in PubMed
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Introduction [Food Security and Our Environments]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286382
Source
Pages 315-316 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
FOOD SECURITY AND OUR ENVIRONMENTS ifaffi@,j INTRODUCTION Charlotte Jeppesen, Ph.D. fellow Centre for Health Research in Greenland National Institute of Public Health University of Southern Denmark In 1996 the World Food Summit defined food security as present when "all people at all
  1 document  
Author
Charlotte Jeppesen
Author Affiliation
Centre for Health Research in Greenland, National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark
Source
Pages 315-316 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Documents
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Abstracts: Posters [Food Security and Our Environments]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286384
Source
Pages 334-345 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
IM§M:I FOOD SECURITY AND OUR ENVIRONMENTS ABSTRACTS: POSTERS FRUIT AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION AMONG INUVIALUIT OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORIES: RESULTS FROM HEALTHY FOODS NORTH L. Beck, E. De Roose, S. Biggs, S. Reaburn, E. Erber, J. Gittelsohn, S. Sharma The Canadian Public Health Associa
  1 document  
Source
Pages 334-345 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Documents
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Collaborating toward improving food security in Nunavut.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107695
Source
Pages 803-810 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):803-810
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
NUTRITION CQ\C-~ION Collaborating toward improving food security in Nunavut Jennifer Wakegijig, Geraldine Osborne, Sara Statham and Michelle Doucette lssaluk* Government of Nunavut Department of Health, Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada Background. Community members, Aboriginal organizations
  1 document  
Author
Jennifer Wakegijig
Geraldine Osborne
Sara Statham
Michelle Doucette Issaluk
Author Affiliation
Government of Nunavut Department of Health, Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada.
Source
Pages 803-810 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):803-810
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Food Supply - methods
Humans
Indians, North American
Nunavut
Poverty - prevention & control
Quality Improvement
Abstract
Community members, Aboriginal organizations, public servants and academics have long been describing a desperate situation of food insecurity in the Eastern Canadian Arctic.
The Nunavut Food Security Coalition, a partnership of Inuit Organizations and the Government of Nunavut, is collaborating to develop a territorial food security strategy to address pervasive food insecurity in the context of poverty reduction.
The Nunavut Food Security Coalition has carried out this work using a community consultation model. The research was collected through community visits, stakeholder consultation and member checking at the Nunavut Food Security Symposium.
In this paper, we describe a continuous course of action, based on community engagement and collective action, that has led to sustained political interest in and public mobilization around the issue of food insecurity in Nunavut.
The process described in this article is a unique collaboration between multiple organizations that has led to the development of a sustainable partnership that will inform policy development while representing the voice of Nunavummiut.
Notes
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):137020568912
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2010 Jun;69(3):285-30320519090
Cites: Can J Public Health. 2010 May-Jun;101(3):196-20120737808
Cites: CMAJ. 2010 Feb 23;182(3):243-820100848
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Sep;65(4):331-4017131971
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):403-1517319085
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):416-3117319086
Cites: Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2005 Nov 29;360(1463):2139-4816433099
Cites: Can J Public Health. 2005 May-Jun;96(3):I1-40 following 20015913085
Cites: Ecohealth. 2010 Sep;7(3):361-7320680394
Cites: J Nutr. 2011 Sep;141(9):1746-5321753059
Cites: Geogr J. 2011;177(1):44-6121560272
PubMed ID
23984307 View in PubMed
Documents
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Food security in Arctic Alaska: a preliminary assessment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295542
Source
Canada Research Chair in Aboriginal Comparative Condition. 23 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
2000
Food Security in Arctic Alaska: A Preliminary Assessment Richard A. Caulfield E Collection RECHERCHE EN LIGN La Chaire de recherche du Canada sur la condition autochtone comparée est affiliée au
  1 document  
Author
Caulfield, Richard A
Author Affiliation
Associate Professor, Department of Alaska Native & Rural Development, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Source
Canada Research Chair in Aboriginal Comparative Condition. 23 pp.
Date
2000
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
File Size
923182
Keywords
Alaska
Employment
Food harvests
Nutrition
Notes
ISBN: 2-921438-37-2
Documents

FoodSecurityinArcticAK.pdf

Read PDF Online Download PDF
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Abstracts: Oral presentations [Food Security and Our Environments]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286383
Source
Pages 317-333 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
FOOD SECURITY AND OUR ENVIRONMENTS ifaffi@:. ABSTRACTS: ORAL PRESENTATIONS ASSESSMENT OF CONTAMINANT AND DIETARY NUTRIENT INTERACTIONS IN THE INUIT HEALTH SURVEY L.H.M. Chan, L. Van Pelt, G.M. Egeland, Oanuippitali Steering Committee (lnuvialuit), Oanuippitali Steering Committee
  1 document  
Source
Pages 317-333 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Documents
Less detail

Food security in Nunavut, Canada: barriers and recommendations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165008
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):416-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Hing Man Chan
Karen Fediuk
Sue Hamilton
Laura Rostas
Amy Caughey
Harriet Kuhnlein
Grace Egeland
Eric Loring
Author Affiliation
Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment (CINE), McGill University, Canada. lchan@unbc.ca
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):416-31
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Arctic Regions
Canada
Cultural Characteristics
Female
Focus Groups
Food Supply
Humans
Income
Inuits
Male
Middle Aged
Abstract
The food supply of Inuit living in Nunavut, Canada, is characterized by market food of relatively low nutritional value and nutrient-dense traditional food. The objective of this study is to assess community perceptions about the availability and accessibility of traditional and market foods in Nunavut.
A qualitative study using focus group methodology.
Focus groups were conducted in 6 communities in Nunavut in 2004 and collected information was analyzed.
Barriers to increased traditional food consumption included high costs of hunting and changes in lifestyle and cultural practices. Participants suggested that food security could be gained through increased economic support for local community hunts, freezers and education programs, as well as better access to cheaper and higher quality market food.
Interventions to improve the dietary quality of Nunavut residents are discussed.
PubMed ID
17319086 View in PubMed
Less detail

Addressing food security of Aboriginal people in Canada

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature284352
Source
Pages 832-833 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):832-833
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
NUTRITION CQ\C-~ION Addressing food security of Aboriginal people in Canadaa Mary Trifonopoulos*, on behalf of First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada Food Security and Nutrition Unit, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Division, First Nations and Inuit Health Branch
  1 document  
Author
Mary Trifonopoulos
Author Affiliation
Food Security and Nutrition Unit, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Division, First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON
Source
Pages 832-833 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):832-833
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Abstract
In Canada, food insecurity is much higher among Aboriginal households than non-Aboriginal households and is especially pronounced in northern and isolated communities. The First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (FNFNES) found that 41% of on-reserve British Columbia First Nations households. were food insecure in 2008-2009 and that 38% of onreserve Manitoba First Nations households were food insecure in 2010. These prevalence rates are more than 5 times higher than those found among non-Aboriginal households in both provinces in the 2007-2008 Canadian Community Health Survey (1 ,2). Across the Canadian Arctic in 2007- 2008, 63% of Inuit households were found to be food insecure, with almost half (29%) severely food insecure (3).
Documents
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Conceptualizing food security or aboriginal people in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157388
Source
Can J Public Health. 2008 Mar-Apr;99(2):95-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
Elaine M Power
Author Affiliation
School of Kinesiology & Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON. power@queensu.ca
Source
Can J Public Health. 2008 Mar-Apr;99(2):95-7
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Food
Food Supply
Health education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Indians, North American
Nutrition Policy
Public Health
Abstract
Food insecurity is an urgent public health issue for Aboriginal people in Canada because of high rates of poverty; the effects of global climate change and environmental pollution on traditional food systems; and high rates of diet-related diseases. However, to date, public health has operated with conceptualizations of food security that were developed in non-Aboriginal contexts; they do not take full account of the traditional food practices of Aboriginal people or Aboriginal conceptualizations of food security. In this paper, I argue that there are unique food security considerations for Aboriginal people related to the harvesting, sharing and consumption of country or traditional foods, which impact the four pillars of food security: access, availability, supply and utilization. Thus food security conceptualizations, policies, and programs for Aboriginal people must consider both the market food system and traditional food system. Given the centrality of traditional food practices to cultural health and survival, I propose that cultural food security is an additional level of food security beyond individual, household and community levels. Conceptualizations of food security for Aboriginal people will be incomplete without qualitative research to understand Aboriginal perspectives; such research must take account of the diversity of Aboriginal people.
PubMed ID
18457280 View in PubMed
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The assessment of food security in homeless individuals: a comparison of the Food Security Survey Module and the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature133107
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2011 Dec;14(12):2254-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2011
Author
Anna C Holland
Matthew C Kennedy
Stephen W Hwang
Author Affiliation
Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada.
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2011 Dec;14(12):2254-9
Date
Dec-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Canada
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Family Characteristics
Female
Food Supply - statistics & numerical data
Guidelines as Topic
Homeless Persons
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Software
United States
Abstract
To compare the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), the US Food Security Survey Module (US FSSM) and a modified version of the US FSSM in which references to buying food were changed to references to getting food, in terms of their classification of food security levels among homeless individuals, and to determine which of these instruments was most preferred by homeless individuals.
A cross-sectional survey.
Recruitment of participants took place at seven shelters and from three drop-in programmes that serve homeless individuals in Toronto, Canada.
Fifty individuals who were =18 years of age, able to communicate in English and currently homeless.
The modified US FSSM assigned 20% of participants to a lower ordinal food security category compared with the US FSSM, and only 8% to a higher food security category. The HFIAS assigned 30% of participants to a lower food security category compared with either the US FSSM or the modified US FSSM, and only 10-16% of participants to a higher food security category. When asked to compare all three instruments, the majority of respondents (62%) selected the HFIAS as the best instrument for people who are homeless.
A majority of homeless individuals selected the HFIAS as the best food security instrument for people who are homeless. Our findings suggest that the HFIAS is a more appropriate instrument than the US FSSM for measuring food security in the homeless population.
PubMed ID
21740619 View in PubMed
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A scoping review of traditional food security in Alaska.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288013
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 Dec;77(1):1419678
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2018
Author
Amanda Walch
Andrea Bersamin
Philip Loring
Rhonda Johnson
Melissa Tholl
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 Dec;77(1):1419678
Date
Dec-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Food insecurity is a public health concern. Food security includes the pillars of food access, availability and utilisation. For some indigenous peoples, this may also include traditional foods. To conduct a scoping review on traditional foods and food security in Alaska. Google Scholar and the High North Research Documents were used to search for relevant primary research using the following terms: "traditional foods", "food security", "access", "availability", "utilisation", "Alaska", "Alaska Native" and "indigenous". Twenty four articles from Google Scholar and four articles from the High North Research Documents were selected. The articles revealed three types of research approaches, those that quantified traditional food intake (n=18), those that quantified food security (n=2), and qualitative articles that addressed at least one pillar of food security (n=8). Limited primary research is available on food security in Alaskan. Few studies directly measure food security while most provide a review of food security factors. Research investigating dietary intake of traditional foods is more prevalent, though many differences exist among participant age groups and geographical areas. Future research should include direct measurements of traditional food intake and food security to provide a more complete picture of traditional food security in Alaska.
Notes
Cites: J Am Coll Nutr. 2015;34(1):65-7225648562
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Dec;65(5):403-1517319085
Cites: J Nutr. 2005 Apr;135(4):856-6215795447
Cites: J Nutr. 2007 Apr;137(4):1110-417374689
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2010 Jun;69(3):285-30320519090
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2008 Aug;11(8):831-4018062840
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998 Jan;57(1):4-179567571
Cites: J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Feb;108(2):266-7318237575
Cites: Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):137020568912
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2016 Mar;152:35-4026829007
Cites: J Nutr. 2012 Mar;142(3):541-722323760
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Jun;64(3):222-3316050316
Cites: Ecohealth. 2011 Jun;8(2):199-20921915737
Cites: J Nutr. 2011 Sep;141(9):1746-5321753059
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 May;55(5):1024-321570796
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2001 Apr;60(2):123-3711507961
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2008 Sep;67(4):335-4819024803
Cites: Annu Rev Nutr. 1996;16:417-428839933
Cites: J Nutr. 2012 Jan;142(1):84-9022157543
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2017 Jun 15;17 (1):57828619039
PubMed ID
29292675 View in PubMed
Less detail

Economic abuse and intra-household inequities in food security.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168387
Source
Can J Public Health. 2006 May-Jun;97(3):258-60
Publication Type
Article
Author
Elaine M Power
Author Affiliation
Health Studies Program, School of Physical and Health Education, Queen's University, Kingston, ON. power@post.queensu.ca
Source
Can J Public Health. 2006 May-Jun;97(3):258-60
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Battered Women
Canada
Family Characteristics
Female
Food Supply - economics
Humans
Nutritional Status
Poverty
Public Assistance
Public Health - economics
Socioeconomic Factors
Spouse Abuse - economics
Vulnerable Populations
Abstract
Food insecurity affected over 2.3 million Canadians in 2004. To date, the food security literature has not considered the potential impact of economic abuse on food security, but there are three ways in which these two important public health issues may be related: 1) victims of economic abuse are at risk of food insecurity when they are denied access to adequate financial resources; 2) the conditions that give rise to food insecurity may also precipitate intimate partner violence in all its forms; 3) women who leave economically abusive intimate heterosexual relationships are more likely to live in poverty and thus are at risk of food insecurity. This paper presents a case of one woman who, during a qualitative research interview, spontaneously reported economic abuse and heterosexual interpersonal violence. The economic abuse suffered by this participant appears to have affected her food security and that of her children, while her husband's was apparently unaffected. There is an urgent need to better understand the nature of intra-household food distribution in food-insecure households and the impact of economic abuse on its victims' food security. Such an understanding may lead to improved food security measurement tools and social policies to reduce food insecurity.
PubMed ID
16827421 View in PubMed
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Infant nutrition in Saskatoon: barriers to infant food security.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143057
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2010;71(2):79-84
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Brendine Partyka
Susan Whiting
Deanna Grunerud
Karen Archibald
Kara Quennell
Author Affiliation
College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2010;71(2):79-84
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Feeding - psychology
Child Health Services
Female
Focus Groups
Food Services
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health promotion
Humans
Infant
Infant Food - economics
Infant Formula - administration & dosage - economics
Male
Nutritional Status
Parents - psychology
Poverty - psychology
Saskatchewan
Abstract
We explored infant nutrition in Saskatoon by assessing current accessibility to all forms of infant nourishment, investigating challenges in terms of access to infant nutrition, and determining the use and effectiveness of infant nutrition programs and services. We also examined recommendations to improve infant food security in Saskatoon.
Semi-structured community focus groups and stakeholder interviews were conducted between June 2006 and August 2006. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes related to infant feeding practices and barriers, as well as recommendations to improve infant food security in Saskatoon.
Our study showed that infant food security is a concern among lower-income families in Saskatoon. Barriers that limited breastfeeding sustainability or nourishing infants through other means included knowledge of feeding practices, lack of breastfeeding support, access and affordability of infant formula, transportation, and poverty.
Infant nutrition and food security should be improved by expanding education and programming opportunities, increasing breastfeeding support, and identifying acceptable ways to provide emergency formula. If infant food security is to be addressed successfully, discussion and change must occur in social policy and family food security contexts.
PubMed ID
20525419 View in PubMed
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Rebuilding northern foodsheds, sustainable food systems, community well-being, and food security.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107889
Source
Pages 87-90 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):87-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
FEATURED PRESENTATIONS Rebuilding northern foodsheds, sustainable food systems, community well-being, and food security S. Craig Gerlach 1 * and Philip A. Loring2 1 Center for Cross-Cultural Studies, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA; 2Alaska Center for Climate Assessment
  1 document  
Author
S Craig Gerlach
Philip A Loring
Author Affiliation
Center for Cross-Cultural Studies, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99712, USA. scgerlach@alaska.edu
Source
Pages 87-90 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):87-90
Date
2013
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska
Arctic Regions
Culture
Diet - ethnology
Environment
Food Supply - methods
Humans
Rural Population
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Multiple climatic, environmental and socio-economic pressures have accumulated to the point where they interfere with the ability of remote rural Alaska Native communities to achieve food security with locally harvestable food resources. The harvest of wild foods has been the historical norm, but most Alaska Native villages are transitioning to a cash economy, with increasing reliance on industrially produced, store-bought foods, and with less reliable access to and reliance on wild, country foods. While commercially available market foods provide one measure of food security, the availability and quality of market foods are subject to the vagaries and vulnerabilities of the global food system; access is dependent on one's ability to pay, is limited to what is available on the shelves of small rural stores, and, store-bought foods do not fulfill the important roles that traditional country foods play in rural communities and cultures. Country food access is also constrained by rising prices of fuel and equipment, a federal and state regulatory framework that sometimes hinders rather than helps rural subsistence users who need to access traditional food resources, a regulatory framework that is often not responsive to changes in climate, weather and seasonality, and a shifting knowledge base in younger generations about how to effectively harvest, process and store wild foods.
The general objective is to provide a framework for understanding the social, cultural, ecological and political dimensions of rural Alaska Native food security, and to provide information on the current trends in rural Alaska Native food systems.
This research is based on our long-term ethnographic, subsistence and food systems work in coastal and interior Alaska. This includes research about the land mammal harvest, the Yukon River and coastal fisheries, community and village gardens, small livestock production and red meat systems that are scaled appropriately to village size and capacity, and food-system intervention strategies designed to rebuild local and rural foodsheds and to restore individual and community health.
The contemporary cultural, economic and nutrition transition has severe consequences for the health of people and for the viability of rural communities, and in ways that are not well tracked by the conventional food security methodologies and frameworks. This article expands the discussion of food security and is premised on a holistic model that integrates the social, cultural, ecological, psychological and biomedical aspects of individual and community health.
We propose a new direction for food-system design that prioritizes the management of place-based food portfolios above the more conventional management of individual resources, one with a commitment to as much local and regional food production and/or harvest for local and regional consumption as is possible, and to community self-reliance and health for rural Alaska Natives.
Notes
Cites: J Nutr. 2004 Jun;134(6):1447-5315173410
Cites: JAMA. 2004 Jun 2;291(21):2545-615173144
Cites: J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Mar-Apr;38(2):114-2016595290
Cites: Conserv Biol. 2013 Feb;27(1):55-6322988912
Cites: Public Health Nutr. 2006 Dec;9(8):1013-917125565
Cites: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2007 Feb;66(1):62-7017451135
Cites: CMAJ. 2010 Feb 23;182(3):243-820100848
Cites: J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Jul;106(7):1055-6316815122
PubMed ID
23967414 View in PubMed
Documents
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Setting the table for food security: policy impacts in Nunavut.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295952
Source
Canadian Jounral of Native Studies XXIV(2):425-445.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
SETTING THE TABLE FOR FOOD SECURITY: POLICY IMPACTS IN NUNAVUT Heather Myers University of Northern British Columbia 3333 University Way Prince George, British Columbia Canada, V2N 4Z9 myers@unbc.ca Stephanie Powell 1031 Francois Crescent Prince George, British Columbia Canada, V2M 4H2
  1 document  
Author
Myers, Heather
Powell, Stephanie
Duhaime, Gerard
Source
Canadian Jounral of Native Studies XXIV(2):425-445.
Date
2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
File Size
1171717
Keywords
Nunavut
Food security
Traditional diet
Food Mail Program
Contaminants
Abstract
Food security comprises availability, accessibility, acceptability (by the population) and adequacy (for human health) of food. A number of federal and territorial legislative and policy initiatives impinge on food production or acquisition as well: the Federal Food Mail program and Firearms Act, and the Nunavut Social Assistance, Hunter Support, country food development and gas subsidy programs. The paper concludes with policy recommendations regarding meeting the four conditions of food security.
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cjnsv24no2_pg425-445.pdf

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Household food security and breast-feeding duration among Canadian Inuit.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature274770
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2016 Jul 28;:1-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-28-2016
Author
Kathryn E McIsaac
David C Stock
Wendy Lou
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2016 Jul 28;:1-8
Date
Jul-28-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
There have been few studies investigating the association between food security and breast-feeding duration and none have been conducted among Canadian Inuit, a population disproportionately burdened with food insecurity. We evaluated the association between household food security and breast-feeding duration in Canadian Inuit children.
Data were obtained from the Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional survey.
The Canadian Territory of Nunavut in 2007 and 2008.
Caregivers of Inuit children aged 3-5 years. Participating children were randomly sampled from community medical centre lists.
Out of 215 children, 147 lived in food-insecure households (68·4 %). Using restricted mean survival time models, we estimated that children in food-secure households were breast-fed for 16·8 (95 % CI 12·5, 21·2) months and children in food-insecure households were breast-fed for 21·4 (95 % CI 17·9, 24·8) months. In models adjusting for social class, traditional knowledge and child health, household food security was not associated with breast-feeding duration (hazard ratio=0·82, 95 % CI 0·58, 1·14).
Our research does not support the hypothesis that children living in food-insecure households were breast-fed for a longer duration than children living in food-secure households. However, we found that more than 50 % of mothers in food-insecure households continued breast-feeding well beyond 1 year. Many mothers in food-secure households also continued to breast-feed beyond 1 year. Given the high prevalence of food insecurity in Inuit communities, we need to ensure infants and their caregivers are being adequately nourished to support growth and breast-feeding, respectively.
PubMed ID
27465413 View in PubMed
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Food security: what the community wants. Learning through focus groups.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216722
Source
J Can Diet Assoc. 1994;55(4):188-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
D. Hargrove
J A Dewolfe
L. Thompson
Author Affiliation
Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox and Addington Health Unit, Ontario.
Source
J Can Diet Assoc. 1994;55(4):188-91
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Community Health Planning - methods
Educational Status
Focus Groups
Food Services - organization & administration
Humans
Income
Interviews as Topic
Mental health
Ontario
Public Health Administration
Self Concept
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
We used focus groups to learn the range of issues threatening food security of low income residents in our community. Five major themes emerged from the discussions: literacy, money, time, mental health and self-esteem, suggesting several approaches that could help ensure food security: 1) education, 2) sharing of resources, 3) coalition building, and 4) advocacy. Education programs have to be practical, allowing for demonstrations and hands-on learning while emphasizing skill building and problem solving. Incorporating a social aspect into learning may compensate for the social isolation and would capitalize on the impressive mutual support we witnessed. Strategies based on self-help and peer assistance may counteract low self-esteem and overcome suspicion of health professionals. A community-wide effort is needed to address the factors contributing to food insecurity. We envision the formation of a coalition of professionals, agencies, and low income people to develop a comprehensive strategy for achieving food security.
PubMed ID
10139320 View in PubMed
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Food security in Nunavut: a knowledge-sharing tool for policymakers

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature284466
Source
Page 53 and page 334 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
FOOD SECURITY IN NUNAVUT, A KNOWLEDGE SHARING TOOL FOR POLICY-MAKERS M. Bzdell, G.K. Healey Oaujigiartiit Arctic Health Research Network Nunavut Background: Food security exists "when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs
  1 document  
Author
M.Bzdell
G.K. Healey
Author Affiliation
Qaujigiartiit Arctic Health Research Network, Nunavut, Canada
Source
Page 53 and page 334 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Posters. Chapter 1. Public Health Perspectives.
Part of Abstracts: Posters. Chapter 8. Food Security and Our Environments.
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