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1130 records – page 2 of 57.

[Use of a biotesting method to determine the toxicity of medical waste].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101806
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):83-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
L P Ignat'eva
M O Potapova
N V Korytchenkova
M N Saksonov
A E Balaian
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):83-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental pollution - prevention & control
Hazardous Waste - analysis
Humans
Medical Waste - analysis
Public Health
Refuse Disposal - standards
Siberia
Abstract
Classes B and C medical waste is of particular concern since it is an epidemiological and toxicological hazard. Predisinfection of Class B medical waste with the chemicals that have different toxicity levels, as well as further burial in the urban landfill were a reason for defining its hazard classes by biotesting in order to establish the possibility of additional environmental pollution. Class B (epidemiologically hazardous) medical waste was ascertained to be little dangerous and indangerous to the environment. The findings show it necessary to develop an integral waste hazard index that would reflect the whole spectrum of its negative impact on the environment and human health.
PubMed ID
21381369 View in PubMed
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[Climate change and hygienic assessment of weather conditions in Omsk and the Omsk Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101808
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):18-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
Zh V Gudinova
I S Akimova
A V Klochikhina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):18-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Hygiene
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Siberia
Weather
Abstract
The paper deals with trends in climate change in the Omsk Region: the increases in average annual air temperatures and rainfall, which are attended by the higher number of abnormal weather events, as shown by the data of the Omsk Regional Board, Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring. There is information on weather severity in 2008: there was mild weather in spring and severe weather in winter, in January in particular. A survey of physicians has revealed that medical workers are concerned about climate problems and global warming and ascertained weather events mostly affecting the population's health. People worry most frequently about a drastic temperature drop or rise (as high as 71%), atmospheric pressure change (53%), and "when it is too hot in summer (47%).
PubMed ID
21381358 View in PubMed
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[Clinical and hematologic abnormalities in children health, caused by exposure to lead].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144140
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(2):29-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
I A Plotnikova
O P Kovtun
L A Anokhina
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(2):29-35
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Platelets - drug effects
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Erythrocytes - drug effects
Hematologic Diseases - blood - chemically induced - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Industry
Lead - adverse effects
Reticulocytes - drug effects
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The article deals with clinical results of medical examination and treatment of children residents of industrial districts in Sverdlovsk area, with various methods of analysis determining relationships between heavy metals, metalloids and marker anamnestic data and hematologic abnormalities (changes in RBC, platelets and reticulocytes counts).
PubMed ID
20402221 View in PubMed
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[Microbiological monitoring of urban soils state ].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144355
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Medvedeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Russia
Soil Microbiology - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
A comprehensive study of the state of urban soils revealed the altered structural and functional organization of microbiocenosis versus that of the soils of intact forest ecosystems. The indicator microbial and biochemical parameters of the state of the soils under urban technological pressure were identified. The findings may be used to evaluate the natural environment, to make an urban environmental monitoring.
PubMed ID
20376936 View in PubMed
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[Development of an extended immunological system parameters for assessment influence of environmental factors on the population's health status].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144358
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):11-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
A K Makovetskaia
V N Fedoseeva
O V Mislavskii
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):11-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cytokines - blood - immunology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Health status
Humans
Hypersensitivity - blood - epidemiology - immunology
Immune System - metabolism
Immunoglobulin E - blood - immunology
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Urban Population
Abstract
The immune status of Moscow dwellers was studied. The findings indicate the criterion significance of immunological and allergological parameters in the estimation of a risk of allergic diseases under the influence of poor environmental factors influence. Hyperactivity in individuals with high immunoglobulin class E levels to environmental factors is suggested by the elevated concentrations of serum specific IgE to intrahouse factors that in combination with the increased levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines (interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and the suppressed production interleukin-4 are criteria for the early manifestations of allergy.
PubMed ID
20376931 View in PubMed
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[Rationale for a differential approach to molding a healthy lifestyle in schoolchildren].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144380
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):80-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Davydenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):80-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Adolescent
Child
Educational Status
Female
Health status
Humans
Life Style
Male
Retrospective Studies
Russia
Schools
Urban Population
Abstract
The lifestyle of schoolchildren in a large industrial town was studied in relation to the residence (industrial and administrative areas) and the type of an education establishment (general education schools and innovative education establishments). The spread of lifestyle defects (sleep and walk irregularities, inactivity, bad habits, employment) was shown to be higher in the schoolchildren living in the industrial areas, in general education school pupils in particular. That of lifestyle defects was higher in girls (sleep and diet irregularities, inactivity) than in boys. The findings provide evidence that there is a need for a differential approach to molding a healthy lifestyle in schoolchildren, by keeping in mind the environmental and socioeconomic situation of a residence, the type of an education establishment, age, and gender.
PubMed ID
20373721 View in PubMed
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[The sanitary and hygienic state of solid garbage burial grounds in the stages of a life cycle].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144383
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):39-42
Publication Type
Article
Author
A M Zomarev
Ia I Vaisman
T A Zaitseva
I S Glushankova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):39-42
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Refuse Disposal - standards
Russia
Sanitation - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to assess the sanitary-and-hygienic state of solid garbage (SG) burial grounds in the Perm Territory in different stage of a life cycle. This paper presents the results of the study of deposited waste, forming dump soil, and SG ground emissions by general sanitary and sanitary-microbiological parameters and their effect on environmental objects. The performed studies of the sanitary-and-hygienic situation on some grounds of the Perm Territory suggest that there is a need for setting up a system for sanitary-and-monitoring of SG ground and for elaborating engineering, organizational, and prophylactic measures to assure the sanitary-and-hygienic safety of objects and to control the quality and quantity of waste to be buried and the currents of emissions (ground body degassing, filtrating sewage drainage and purification).
PubMed ID
20373712 View in PubMed
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[Human health risk assessment of environmental pollution at the municipal level].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144387
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):21-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Sergeeva
M Iu Iakusheva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):21-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child
Environmental Health - legislation & jurisprudence
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Local Government
Program Evaluation
Risk Assessment - legislation & jurisprudence - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The established tense environmental situation in Krasnouralsk, Sverdlovsk Region, presents a serious threat to human health. Development of a medium-term municipal environmental program for a Krasnouralsk urban district provides solutions of environmental problems. The human health status and carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks from exposure to chemical substances polluting ambient air, drinking water, and soil have been assessed within the framework of the program. The findings have served as a basis for elaborating technological and sanitary-and-hygienic measures of the environmental program to assure human environmental safety.
PubMed ID
20373708 View in PubMed
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[The peculiarities of 24-hour arterial pressure monitoring in patients with arterial hypertension under the conditions of North].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168408
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2006;84(5):34-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
V Ia Poliakov
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2006;84(5):34-7
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Catchment Area (Health)
Climate
Electrocardiography
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory - methods
Hemodynamics - physiology
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - epidemiology - physiopathology
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
Circadian blood pressure profile (CBPP) is considered to be a functional characteristic of the cardiovascular system, which reflects the severity and pathogenetic peculiarities of arterial hypertension. At the same time, blood pressure dynamics also depends on the state of environmental factors, the heliogeophysical medium in particular, which plays an important part in the formation of northern ecology. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the peculiarities of the correlations between morphofunctional characteristics of the cardiovascular system, circadian blood pressure rhythms in particular, and heliogeophysical environmental factors under North conditions. The data of 24-hour blood pressure monitoring (BPM) and echoCG, and the heliogeophysical factors during different ontogenesis periods in 257 residents of North and medium latitudes with arterial hypertension (AH), were analyzed. A considerable disorder of CBPP, manifesting by an insufficient (less than 10%) night-time decrease in blood pressure, was revealed in 46% of the hypertensive subjects, who lived in North. The circadian rhythm amplitude was low in cases of a high degree of coupling of hemodynamic indices with geomagnetic activity during the study. The study did not reveal such CBPP disturbances in AH patients living in medium latitudes. Left ventricular hypertrophy was more frequent in patients with an insufficient night-time BP decrease vs. patients with a normal one (39.7% and 22.2%, respectively). A test allowing evaluation of the hemodynamic mechanisms of magnetotropic responses to changes in heliogeophysical environment, was developed. This diagnostic test uses EchoCG and testing exposure to constant magnetic field, and is based on evaluation of changes in central hemodynamics allowing for the balance of geomagnetic activity during early ontogenesis and during the study.
PubMed ID
16827276 View in PubMed
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[To the establishment of the sizes and organization of sanitary-hygienic zones].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168554
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):79-82
Publication Type
Article
Author
E V Parakhonskii
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):79-82
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
City Planning - standards
Environmental health
Humans
Industry - standards
Russia
PubMed ID
16808416 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The health status of the rural population living in the areas contiguous with industrial towns].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168567
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):19-23
Publication Type
Article
Author
A Ia Sharafutdinov
Z S Khakimova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):19-23
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health status
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Retrospective Studies
Rural Population
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Exposed to environmental pollution with emissions from industrial enterprises, the population of their contiguous rural areas faces a high risk of their health. The studies of the health status of the population from the contiguous rural areas versus that from the non-contiguous ones have established that measurements of a risk to the children's health revealed the highest risk among the contiguous areas in the Sterlitamaksky district and the least risk among the non-contiguous ones in the Askinsky district. The markers of carcinogenic ill-being in the contiguous rural areas were the incidence of cancer of the lip, esophagus, stomach, larynx, cervix uteri, uterine appendages, and prostate and leukemia. The high risk of cancer of the lip and esophagus in the control area and in other non-contiguous rural areas may be accounted for by the bad life-style in villagers, alcohol abuse, and smoking.
PubMed ID
16808397 View in PubMed
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[Human health in the space rocket-making areas: medical and environmental aspects].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168568
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):11-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
P I Sidorov
N V Skrebtsova
S L Sovershaeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):11-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aviation
Environmental health
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Health status
Humans
Incidence
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The paper deals with the problems of medical and ecological escorts of space rocket-making activities. The properties of one of the highly toxic components of propellant - asymmetric dimethylhydrazine as a substance assigned to a class of ecological toxicants, are considered. The data obtained on implementing the program for a study of the health status in the population living not far from the asymmetric dimethylhydrazine-polluted areas are presented. The authors propose to consider a package of measures that can apply the systems approach to securing the safety of the population to live and work in areas under space-rocket making activities, which is based on the prevention principle provided by the Rio de Janeiro Environment and Development Declaration.
PubMed ID
16808395 View in PubMed
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[The prospects of application of methods of population immune status evaluation when performing mass hygienic studies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168707
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):37-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
M A Pinigin
Iu N Mol'kov
O V Budarina
I V Baeva
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):37-9
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Ecology
Environmental health
Humans
Hygiene
Immune System - physiology
Mass Screening - methods
Russia
Abstract
Non-invasive methods of sampling and a range of immunological assays for mass ecologo-hygienic studies of population were developed and introduced into practice in Sysin Scientific Research Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. The studied materials were saliva, urine, breast milk, the condition of lymph nodes, and anamnesis. The complex of non-invasive methods was shown to be less complicated and, at the same time, informative and cheap, which allows recommending it for sociohygienic monitoring when performing mass hygienic studies.
PubMed ID
16789543 View in PubMed
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[The role of dwelling environment in human health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168708
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):26-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Iu D Gubeerskii
Iu A Rakhmanov
N V Kalinina
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):26-30
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environment
Environmental Health - methods
Humans
Russia
Abstract
The authors adduce the ecologo-hygienic characterization of the most significant dwelling environmental factors, such as chemical air pollution, microclimatic parameters, biological pollution, noise, electromagnetic fields, light, etc. They have developed a conception of providing ecologo-hygienic dwelling safety.
PubMed ID
16789540 View in PubMed
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[Complex characterization of the influence of environmental factors and social conditions on population health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168711
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):12-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
M A Pinigin
Z F Sabirova
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):12-5
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Health status
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance
Russia
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Survival Rate - trends
Urban Population
Abstract
The study determined the overall contribution of atmospheric air pollution and socioeconomic and other factors on population health, as well as the role of medical providence in the lowering of population morbidity. The study shows that different individual factors of medical providence have different effects on medicodemographic situation. Also different is the significance of various characteristics of socioeconomic conditions. The results demonstrate that the contribution of air pollutants and their mixtures into male and female mortality in various age groups is different and depends on the cause of death and pathogenetic peculiarities of the action of the components.
PubMed ID
16789536 View in PubMed
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[Atmospheric air pollution and population mortality in Russian Federation regions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168712
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):7-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
G M Zemlianaia
L G Solenova
V A Kislitsin
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):7-12
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Illness - mortality
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate - trends
Urban Population
Abstract
Regularly published national reports on population health in Russian Federation, based on the results of statistic analyses and the data from hygienic and epidemiological studies, demonstrate associations between exposure to hazardous environmental factors and population morbidity. Research into correlations between exposure to such factors and population health status using extensive databases, makes it possible to obtain statistically significant results and put forward hypotheses for epidemiological studies. The aim of this research was to study the levels and dynamics of population mortality, and atmospheric air condition, as well as correlations between them in regional centers of Russian Federation. The study covers the period from 1985 through 1998.
PubMed ID
16789535 View in PubMed
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[The principles, criteria, and methods of evaluation of health hazards associated with short-term exposure to chemical atmospheric air pollutants].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168713
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
S M Novikov
T A Shashina
N S Skvortsova
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(5):3-7
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Environmental Health - methods
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
The authors discuss the basic concepts of a system developed to evaluate health hazards associated with short-term exposure of different population groups to inhaled chemicals, including exposure that takes place in emergency situations. The article contains examples of acute exposition profiles for the most wide-spread air pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide, developed using quantitative values of short-term exposure risk criteria.
PubMed ID
16789534 View in PubMed
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[Use of methodology of assessing the risk in the sociohygienic monitoring system of the pediatric population in the town of Zhukovsky, Moscow Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168925
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Mar-Apr;(2):85-8
Publication Type
Article

[Registration information systems for occupational diseases of dust etiology].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168929
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Mar-Apr;(2):37-41
Publication Type
Article
Author
A A Ismailova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Mar-Apr;(2):37-41
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Dust
Environmental Monitoring - instrumentation
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Information Systems - instrumentation
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Occupational health - legislation & jurisprudence
Registries
Russia
Abstract
The elaboration of a computer-aided system for registration and analysis of occupational diseases (OD) is extremely important to obtain valid data on the size and composition of a contingent of registered patients; on the distribution of patients by nosological entities and the severity of a pathological process; on the frequency of complications and comorbidity; on the presence of harmful industrial factors that favor disability and present a risk for OD.
PubMed ID
16758818 View in PubMed
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1130 records – page 2 of 57.