This multi-method study examined the resilience, adaptive capacities, and gender role transitions of 73 Alaska Native men, using survey and ethnographic data from the 'Social Transitions of the North' (McNabb, Richards, et al, 1993-1995) and similar follow-up data ten years later. The study found that Alaska Native men are adapting to social and environmental transitions, collective emotional and psychological injury. They are being challenged by the redefinition of their position within the family and community. Data analysis suggested that reliance upon cultural values such as subsistence, responsibility to the tribe, respect for the land, honoring elders and reliance upon Christian values can help them adapt and minimize effects of chronic social problems. Numerous cultures have experienced genocide and unresolved trauma across generations. The results of this study can help social workers and other providers gain an understanding of the importance of improving resilience by helping cultures maintain their uniqueness and integrity.