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Responding to Climate and Environmental Change Impacts on Human Health via Integrated Surveillance in the Circumpolar North: A Systematic Realist Review.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299726
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 11 30; 15(12):
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Systematic Review
Date
11-30-2018
Author
Alexandra Sawatzky
Ashlee Cunsolo
Andria Jones-Bitton
Jacqueline Middleton
Sherilee L Harper
Author Affiliation
Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road E, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada. asawatzk@uoguelph.ca.
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 11 30; 15(12):
Date
11-30-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Systematic Review
Keywords
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Climate change
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology
Health status
Humans
Population Surveillance - methods
Residence Characteristics
Resilience, Psychological
Abstract
Environments are shifting rapidly in the Circumpolar Arctic and Subarctic regions as a result of climate change and other external stressors, and this has a substantial impact on the health of northern populations. Thus, there is a need for integrated surveillance systems designed to monitor the impacts of climate change on human health outcomes as part of broader adaptation strategies in these regions. This review aimed to identify, describe, and synthesize literature on integrated surveillance systems in Circumpolar Arctic and Subarctic regions, that are used for research or practice. Following a systematic realist review approach, relevant articles were identified using search strings developed for MEDLINE® and Web of Scienceā„¢ databases, and screened by two independent reviewers. Articles that met the inclusion criteria were retained for descriptive quantitative analysis, as well as thematic qualitative analysis, using a realist lens. Of the 3431 articles retrieved in the database searches, 85 met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. Thematic analysis identified components of integrated surveillance systems that were categorized into three main groups: structural, processual, and relational components. These components were linked to surveillance attributes and activities that supported the operations and management of integrated surveillance. This review advances understandings of the distinct contributions of integrated surveillance systems and data to discerning the nature of changes in climate and environmental conditions that affect population health outcomes and determinants in the Circumpolar North. Findings from this review can be used to inform the planning, design, and evaluation of integrated surveillance systems that support evidence-based public health research and practice in the context of increasing climate change and the need for adaptation.
PubMed ID
30513697 View in PubMed
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