Skip header and navigation

Refine By

410 records – page 1 of 21.

[Scientific rationale for basic directions of the optimization of the population health in the development of municipal environmental programs].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264391
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):117-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
M Iu Iakusheva
O V Astaf'eva
S E Deriagina
M B Sergeeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):117-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - legislation & jurisprudence
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Local Government
Program Evaluation
Public Health
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
For the solution of ecological problems in the framework of the preparation of the municipal ecological program in the city of Verkhnyaya Pyshma (Sverdlovskaya Oblast) there was peiformed the assessment of the state of population health, the evaluation of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk from chemicals that pollute the air and drinking water Atmospheric air was established to be the main environment cause for carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks. The obtained results served as the basis for the development of technological, sanitary and hygienical measures of the program aimed at optimizing of the population health.
PubMed ID
26031056 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Urbanization--a factor that increases the risk for health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264404
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):8-11
Publication Type
Article
Author
K B Fridman
T V Kriukova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):8-11
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Illness - epidemiology
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Morbidity - trends
Public Health
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Urbanization - trends
Abstract
The negative impact of urbanization on public health is obvious. However; due to the comprehensiveness and polymorphicity of its manifestations there are not established criteria for them. Health risk methodology allows, in principle, to obtain quantitative indices of the separate results of the impact on the health status of the citizens of metropolis that can be extremely effective in this area. The total cross-media riskfrom traffic pollution, drinking water quality, open ponds, noise, etc. permits to use of hygiene criteria in urban planning, insurance, taxation, etc.
PubMed ID
26031033 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The impact of ecological and socio-hygienic factors on the health status of children of school age].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290149
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):760-4
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
V V Vasilyev
M V Perekusikhin
Yu V Korochkina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):760-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Environmental Health - organization & administration - standards
Female
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Male
Nutritional Status
Population
Public Health - methods
Russia - epidemiology
School Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Social Environment
Abstract
Negative trends in incidence rates of children and adolescents of the city of Penza are due to the influence of both environmental factors as well as the educational process. Hygienic trouble in the city of Penza determines air pollution emissions of road transport, as evidenced by the high levels of morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The priorities for the correction factors are conditions and the organization of nutrition, physical education. There are identified the most important lifestyle factors for senior pupils that need the solution.
PubMed ID
29430902 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Ecological-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky Krai].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290151
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
P F Kiku
B I Geltser
M V Yarygina
S N Beniowa
T V Gorborukova
V G Moreva
N S Shiter
K M Sabirova
M A Mezentseva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Illness - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Female
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - analysis
Humans
Inhalation Exposure
Male
Respiratory Tract Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia - epidemiology
School Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
There was executed the ecologic-hygienic assessment of the distribution of respiratory diseases prevalence in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. The aim of the study was a systematic assessment of the impact of ecological-hygienic factors of environment on the distribution of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky region. As an information database there were used indices of the prevalence of diseases of the respiratory system of the ICD-10 class of the official statistical report forms for the period of2000-2013 and the parameters of the environment offactor modules (6 - socio-sanitary, 5 - environmental). The numerical values of modules offactors were determined according to a specially developed scoring scale. The study of the prevalence was carried out with the use of a classical method of data analysis - descriptive statistics, Chi-square criteria. By means of the method of regression analysis from the SPSS package software there was established the relationship of environmental factors and the level of the prevalence of diseases, and were calculated values of the factor loadings influencing on the morbidity rate of children and adolescents. The study revealed that in the structure of morbidity diseases of the respiratory system account of 39% in adolescents, 61% - in children. Constructed predictive models describe the trend of the increasing in the prevalence in adolescents and children. Over the past 15 years, the level of respiratory diseases morbidity rate increased by 46.1%. It is established that the prevalence of respiratory diseases in children and adolescents from various districts of the Primorsky territory depends on the features of the bioclimatic zones and the degree of sanitary-hygienic situation, as well as combinations of parameters that form these zones; the highest cumulative level of the prevalence is observed in the bioclimatic zone of the coast, that is caused by the various degree of the impact of biotropic factors of environment; The prevalence of diseases of respiratory system is mainly affected by bioclimatic factors: residence in an area of high humidity, temperature swings, movements of air masses in combination with air pollution.
PubMed ID
29430900 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Microscopic soil fungi - bioindicators organisms contaminated soil].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290302
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):891-4
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
L G Donerian
M A Vodianova
Zh E Tarasova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):891-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
DNA, Fungal - analysis
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Fungi - classification - genetics - isolation & purification
Humans
Petroleum Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Public Health - methods - standards
Russia - epidemiology
Soil Microbiology - standards
Urban Health - standards
Abstract
In the paper there are considered methodological issues for the evaluation of soil biota in terms of oil pollution. Experimental studies have shown that under the exposure of a various levels of oil pollution meeting certain gradations of the state and optimal alteration in microbocenosis in sod-podzolic soils, there is occurred a transformation of structure of the complex of micromycetes and the accumulation of toxic species, hardly typical for podzolic soils - primarily represantatives of the genus Aspergillus (A.niger and A. versicolor), Paecilomyces (P.variotii Bainer), Trichoderma (T.hamatum), the genus of phytopathogens Fusarium (F.oxysporum), dermatophytes of genus Sporothrix (S. schenckii) and dark-colored melanin containing fungi of Dematiaceae family. Besides that there are presented data on the study of microbiocenosis of the urban soil, the urban soil differed from the zone soil, but shaped in similar landscape and climatic conditions, and therefore having a tendency to a similar response from the side of microorganisms inhabiting the soil. Isolated complex of soil microscopic fungi is described by many authors as a complex, characteristic for soils of megalopolises. This allowed authors of this work to suggest that in urban soils the gain in the occurrence of pathogenic species micromycetes also increases against a background of chronic, continuously renewed inflow of petroleum hydrocarbons from various sources of pollution. Because changes in the species composition of micromycetes occurred in accordance with the increasing load of oil, so far as microscopic soil fungi can be recommended as a bioindicator organisms for oil. In the article there is also provided information about the distinctive features of modern DNA identification method of soil microscopic fungi and accepted in our country methodology of isolation of micromycetes with the use of a nutrient Czapek medium.
PubMed ID
29431327 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Cytogenetic status of the residents of the Gydansky Peninsula (Gydan)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290303
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):865-8
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
E V Shinkaruk
E V Agbalyan
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):865-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Cytogenetic Analysis - methods - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Exposure - analysis - prevention & control - standards
Health Plan Implementation - methods - trends
Humans
Industrial Development - trends
Population Health - statistics & numerical data
Public Health - standards - trends
Regional Health Planning - organization & administration
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The relevance of the study on the Gydansky Peninsula lies in poor knowledge and inaccessibility of the territory, planned intensive industrial development of the Gydansky Peninsula, in 2011 there were received licenses for the exploration of license areas at the peninsula up to 2031. Industrial development will inevitably lead to certain environmental shifts, emission of the harmful substances into biosphere, the accumulation of anthropogenic pollutants in soil and water sources. The proposed development of the territory of the Peninsula Gydan sets the task of assessment of the impact of gas and oil production in conditions of the far North on health, as well indigenous persons as employees recruited to this of the region. One of the informative approaches to the assessment of population health is the assessment of the cytogenetic status with the use of noninvasive analysis of buccal epithelium. The aim of the study is to determine the cytogenetic status of the inhabitants of the village of Antipayuta of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug for the assessment of the impact of environmental factors on the health of the population at the present stage of the industrial development of the territory. Samples of buccal epithelium of 81 alien and indigenous people of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous district were the object of the investigation. There was performed the analysis of indices of cells of buccal epithelium of the residents living in the village in comparison with the control group. The analysis of samples was performed on a Nikon Eclipse E100 microscope. For the assessment of the cytogenetic status of the individual there was used the proposed by Sycheva L. P. (2012-Index of accumulation of cytogenetic damages (Iac). It is shown that the frequency of occurrence of micronucleus and nuclear protrusions does not exceed the performance of the control group. The index of accumulation of cytogenetic damage for the population of the village is 0.78±0.07% and corresponds to a low level. The analysis of indices of buccal epithelial cells of residents living in rural areas was performed in the comparison with the control group The prevalence rate of cells with micronuclei and protrusions were shown to account of 14.6% andfail to exceed indices in the control group. Accumulation index of cytogenetic damages for the village population is 0.78 ± 0.07 % and corresponds to the low level. The amount of cells with micronuclei and protrusions in the current study is by 14.6% lower than the average of the control group. The intensity of proliferative processes and apoptosis in the comparison groups occurs evenly.
PubMed ID
29431322 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Heavy metals and hydrocarbons content in soils of settlements of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290306
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):818-21
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
I I Alekseev
E V Abakumov
G A Shamilishvili
E D Lodygin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):818-21
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Arsenic - analysis
Environmental Monitoring - methods - statistics & numerical data
Extraction and Processing Industry - methods - standards
Humans
Hydrocarbons - analysis
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Metals, Heavy - analysis
Population health
Public Health - methods - standards
Russia - epidemiology
Soil - chemistry
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
In August 2015 there were executed investigations on the study of the soils diversity of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. One of the directions of this work got be the study of urban soils of settlements of the Yamal-Nenents Autonomous Okrug. The sectors for the observation were settlement of Harsaim, village Aksarka, city of Salekhard, settlement Harp and city of Labytnangi. About 20 soil samples were collected during the field work. Samples were collected from a depth of 0-5 cm and 5-20 cm. Heavy metals (HM) were detected with the use of X-ray fluorescent analyzer “Spectroscan-MAX”. The HM content values were compared with the corresponding Approxible Permissible Concentrations and Maximum Allowable Concentrations (MAC) adopted in Russia. Hydrocarbons content was determined by gravimetric method. Values of the hydrocarbons content in studied soils were compared with the existing regulations of the Russian Federation. The levels of soil contamination by hydrocarbons were determined. The study of soil samples from different settlements allowed to reveal characteristic features of soil contamination of separate settlements by HM and hydrocarbons and to compare them against each other. The vast majority of samples are characterized by arsenic exceedance of MAC, which should indicate to a high regional background of this element. For a more adequate assessment of the Zc meaning as the value of the total pollution index of soils there were used not only arithmetical average values of the coefficients of the chemical composition concentration (Kc), but also their average geometric values. According to levels of total soil contamination most of soil samples are characterized as non-hazardous (Zc
PubMed ID
29430914 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Medical hydrogeology is an independent interdisciplinary branch of the science about groundwater].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290308
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):800-5
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
L I Elpiner
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):800-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - methods - standards
Environmental pollution - prevention & control
Groundwater - analysis - standards
Humans
Interdisciplinary Communication
Public Health - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Water Quality - standards
Water Supply - methods - standards - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The use of groundwater in population water supply systems gains more and more importance because of increasing degradation of the quality of surface water sources. At the same time there are changed concepts on ubiquitous high quality of groundwater. The executed analysis offoreign and domestic literature allowed authors to determine the character and causes of negative changes in the composition of groundwater. In the large body of investigations there were established cause-and-effect relationships between a number of noninfectious (including cardiovascular and cancer) and infectious diseases and anthropogenic pollution and the natural composition of groundwater. In the article there is substantiated the formation of a new interdisciplinary scientific direction - medical hydrogeology. On the basis of current data on the medical and ecological significance of the quality, quantity and regime of the groundwater, geological conditions of the shaping of their composition, there was shown the need of the consideration of the hydrological situation in making water supply management solutions safe for the health of the population. In this regard, there were considered the interrelationship and interdependence of allied disciplines - hygiene, ecological toxicology and epidemiology, hydrogeochemistry, hydrogeology. There was pointed the importance of the acquisition of based on hydrogeology medical specialists of the water supply profile for sharing with hygienists of the effective solution of tasks of the management of groundwater sources.
PubMed ID
29430911 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Methodological problems of noninfectious epidemiology and hygiene under chemical pollution of the environment].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290309
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):797-800
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
N V Rusakov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):797-800
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Chemical Hazard Release - prevention & control
Environmental Illness - epidemiology
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Humans
Needs Assessment
Noncommunicable Diseases - epidemiology
Public Health - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
In modern conditions the base of the assurance of the safety of human being from harmful factors of environment is the hygienic rationing for the latters. The use of this methodological principle led to the considerable decline in the level of chemical pollution of environment objects. However tens of millions of Russians are exposed to the impact of chemicals above admissible hygienic level. There was noted the high prevalence and mortality rate due to noninfectious diseases of the population. The hygienic science needs to develop and introduce methodology of personification prevention on protection of the person against chemical environmental pollution.
PubMed ID
29430910 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Comparative characteristics of physical development of children and adolescents of the 1st and 2nd generation of European natives of the Magadan region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290338
Source
Gig Sanit. 2017; 96(2):171-6
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Author
L I Grechkina
V O Karandasheva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2017; 96(2):171-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Adolescent
Adolescent Development
Anthropometry - methods
Body Constitution - ethnology
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Child
Cohort Effect
Cold Climate
Emigrants and Immigrants - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Exposure - analysis
Female
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Male
Residence Characteristics
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
In the paper there are presented results of investigations of indices of the physical development of male adolescents aged of 11-17 years - residents of the 1-2 generation from new coming European migrants in the Magadan region during 2008-2014. There were observed 418 adolescents - representatives of the 1 generation, and 463 cases from the 2 generation. Representatives of the 2 generation in the initial period (11-12 years) were established to show higher tempos of growth. Maximal gains in the body length, body mass, and chest circumference in adolescents of the 1 generation occur at the age of 13-14 years, but in the 2 generation it is seen one year later - at the age of 14-15 years. In adolescents of each generation there was noted the high variability of the level of major indices of the physical development. However, among representatives of the 1 generation there is less proportion of cases with normal or average values of body length, body mass, and chest circumference along with larger proportion ofpersons with diverse deviations, as well deficit as excess in comparison with the 2 generation. At the final stage of the puberty age (17 years) more adolescents with microsomatic (25%) and disharmonic (38.2%) body constitution occur among the subjects from the 1 generation as compared to those of the 2 generation (19.7% and 28.2%, respectively).
PubMed ID
29446606 View in PubMed
Less detail

Environmental factors as predictors of smoking among ninth-grade adolescents in Pitkäranta (Russian Karelia) and in eastern Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166338
Source
Res Nurs Health. 2006 Dec;29(6):543-55
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Ulla Kemppainen
Kerttu Tossavainen
Erkki Vartiainen
Veikko Jokela
Pekka Puska
Vladimir Pantelejev
Mihail Uhanov
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing Science, University of Kuopio, PL 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland.
Source
Res Nurs Health. 2006 Dec;29(6):543-55
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior - ethnology
Adolescent Psychology
Attitude to Health - ethnology
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Cultural Characteristics
Family - ethnology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Friends - ethnology
Health services needs and demand
Humans
Male
Models, Psychological
Nursing Methodology Research
Peer Group
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Smoking - ethnology - prevention & control
Social Environment
Statistics, nonparametric
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to assess whether similar environmental factors predict adolescents' smoking in two different cultures: in the Pitkäranta district in Russian Karelia and in eastern Finland. The data were gathered by self-administered questionnaires from ninth-grade students in 10 comprehensive schools in Pitkäranta (n = 385) and from age-matched students in 24 schools in eastern Finland (n = 2,098). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test whether similar path structures fit for boys and for girls in Pitkäranta and in eastern Finland, and to test whether regression coefficients were similar between the cultures by sex. Smoking by family members and best friends was positively related to adolescents' smoking both directly and indirectly. Environmental factors were similar predictors of smoking between the cultures for boys. For girls, different regression coefficients in Pitkäranta and in eastern Finland were found. Best friend's smoking was the most important predictor of adolescents' own smoking in every sub-sample. When indirect relationships were identified, the significance of parents' and siblings' smoking, in addition to smoking by best friends, was strongly supported.
PubMed ID
17131279 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The physical development of children and adolescents and the health protection of the upcoming generation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222517
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1993;(5):25-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
V N Kardashenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1993;(5):25-7
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Female
Growth
Health status
Humans
Male
Morbidity
Russia - epidemiology
Sexual Maturation
Abstract
The physical development of children and adolescents characterizes a process of their growth and maturation of the growing body. It is a key criterion of children's health. The dynamics in the physical development of child and adolescent populations suggests that a complex of biosocial and environmental factors influences the rate of children's growth and development. The past 10-15 years have been marked by an insignificant positive dynamics of the major morphological parameters and some sex-age groups have shown their stabilization and a significant reduction in functional parameters with continuous sex maturation acceleration. There is a definite relationship between their physical development and health status. Failures in age-specific development terms (a biological age) and morphofunctional disharmony are generally accompanied by health deviations. There are more profound impairments in the physical development of an individual are, the more severe diseases are.
PubMed ID
7687493 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The effect of Chernobyl accident on the development of malignant diseases--situation after 20 years]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81488
Source
Endokrynol Pol. 2006 May-Jun;57(3):244-52
Publication Type
Article
Author
Zonenberg Anna
Zarzycki Wieslaw
Leoniak Marcin
Author Affiliation
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Internal Medicine, Medical University, Bialystok. zonenbergab@poczta.onet.pl
Source
Endokrynol Pol. 2006 May-Jun;57(3):244-52
Language
Polish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollution, Radioactive - statistics & numerical data
Byelarus - epidemiology
Cause of Death
Chernobyl Nuclear Accident
Child
Child, Preschool
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Leukemia, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Poland - epidemiology
Radioactive fallout
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Thyroid Diseases - epidemiology
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
The accident that occurred at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986, released large quantities of radionuclides--among them radioiodine--into the atmosphere, thereby raising public concerns about its influence on thyroid structure and function, especially the development of malignancy. There were even reports about 700 deaths due to thyroid carcinoma in Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus, resulting from the accident. In this review we discussed the incidence of thyroid cancer in different parts of the world, especially in heavily contaminated countries, as Ukraine and Belarus, and the possible link between radioisotope activity in the thyroid and the development of malignancy. The study carried out in Minsk showed 40-fold increase of the incidence of thyroid cancer in the years 1986-1994, in comparison to the period 1977-1985. An increase of the incidence of thyroid cancer has generally been observed in many countries after the Chernobyl accident. We focused on the factors that may have an influence on this phenomenon, especially diagnostic tests, health care, social and environmental factors, like iodine level in water and soil. The results of molecular biology studies, e.g. RET translocation in carcinoma type RET/PTC1 in elderly and RET/PTC3 in children, and expression Ax1 and Gas6 in children were reviewed as well. We also mentioned other thyroid diseases, like nodular goitre, cysts, the disturbance of thyroid function and autoimmunity, possibly linked to the radiation after Chernobyl accident. Data obtained from the regions near Chernobyl showed no increased risk of other types of malignancy (leukaemia, Hodgkin's and non Hodgkin's lymphoma) in 1986-1996. In this article the epidemiology of thyroid diseases in Poland was also reviewed.
PubMed ID
16832789 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Assessment of the significance of climatogeographic conditions as health risk factors].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143397
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Mar-Apr;(2):44-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
R S Rakhmanov
D A Gadzhiibragimov
M A Medzhikova
O A Kudriavtseva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Mar-Apr;(2):44-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acclimatization - physiology
Adolescent
Adult
Climate
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Illness - epidemiology
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Under the conditions of hot and mountain-continental climate, the morbidity rates in the inhabitants were estimated to be significantly lower than those in young men who had not been acclimatized or adapted to living conditions and in non-acclimatized men. A role of individual physical environmental factors (temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, average and maximum air speed) and integral exposure by the wind chill index (a combined impact of an air speed and ambient temperature) as risk factors to human health was defined, The mountain-continental climate showed a relationship of the influence of these factors to habitation at different altitudes above sea level.
PubMed ID
20491267 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Evaluation of the mineral fibers content of pulmonary tissue in people engaged in extraction and concentration of chrysotile asbestos and in those living near enterprises].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195172
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2000;(11):13-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
E B Kovalevskii
A. Tossavainen
T. Tuomi
E. Vankhala
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2000;(11):13-9
Date
2000
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Asbestos, Serpentine - adverse effects
Canada - epidemiology
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Industry
Lung - chemistry - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Mineral Fibers - analysis
Mining
Residence Characteristics
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The authors determined concentration of asbestos fibers in lung tissue samples obtained in hospital of Asbestos town in Sverdlovsk region. The samples were taken from 47 individuals who died with various causes. of Workers engaged into extraction and beneficiation of chrysotile asbestos at Bazhenovsky field, into production of chrysotile asbestos goods and those who reside in close proximity to the enterprises demonstrated no differences in general content of fibrous particles and of chrysotile asbestos fibers in lung tissue, if compared to workers of the same enterprises and industrial regions dwellers of Canada (being second, after Russia, for total chrysotile asbestos production). The study proved concentrations of amphibole asbestos fibers to be one order lower than those in Canada.
PubMed ID
11280277 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Children's health and environmental air pollution with dust containing asbestos].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195173
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2000;(11):10-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
A V Shtol'
E G Plotko
K P Seliankina
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2000;(11):10-3
Date
2000
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Asbestos
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child Welfare
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Respiratory Tract Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
According to most parameters, children's health in area containing asbestos production is considered as typical one for industrial environment. Dust containing asbestos induces higher incidence of respiratory diseases and immune changes. Frequent respiratory diseases are characteristic for junior age groups of children.
PubMed ID
11280276 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Features of respiratory diseases in ecologically unfavorable region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195596
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2001;(1):18-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
L A Tarasova
E A Lobanova
V V Milishnikova
N A Khelkovskii-Sergeev
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2001;(1):18-23
Date
2001
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Bronchitis - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Catchment Area (Health)
Chronic Disease
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Lung - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - epidemiology
Sclerosis - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
Examination of 400 workers in Bratsk aluminium plant proved respiratory diseases formation to be influenced by both occupational factors and various toxic chemicals that are released into atmosphere by other industrial polluters. Structure of respiratory diseases is represented mainly by diffuse pneumoconiosis caused by toxic and dust factors. Prophylaxis of those diseases should be aimed not only to better work conditions, but also to specify measures improving regional ecologic situation.
PubMed ID
11221105 View in PubMed
Less detail

Some considerations concerning multimedia-multipollutant risk assessment methodology: use of epidemiologic data for non-cancer risk assessment in Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196021
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2001 Jan;109(1):7-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2001
Author
L I Privalova
K E Wilcock
B A Katsnelson
S E Keane
K. Cunningham
S V Kuzmin
S A Voronin
B I Nikonov
V B Gurvich
Author Affiliation
Department of Environmental Epidemiology, the Urals Branch of the Center for Preparation and Implementation of International Projects on Technical Assistance, Yekaterinburg, Russia. LarisaP@ocsen.mplik.ru
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2001 Jan;109(1):7-13
Date
Jan-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Child
Child, Preschool
Epidemiologic Studies
Female
Humans
Industry
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Policy Making
Public Health
Public Policy
Research Design
Risk assessment
Russia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
The highly industrialized small town of Verkhnyaya Pyshma (in the Urals region of Russia) was chosen as the site of a multimedia-multipollutant risk assessment using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency methodology. The assessment was based on routine environmental pollution monitoring data for ambient air, soils, drinking water, and food, and the international environmental epidemiology literature. Using an a priori set of the preliminary health-based criteria, we selected nine pollutants for risk assessment: total suspended particles (TSP), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), ammonia arsenic, copper, cadmium, and lead. We used dose-response functions derived from epidemiologic studies to assess individual and population risks for TSP, SO2, NO2, As, Cd, and Pb. We assessed both cancer (for BaP, As, and Cd) and non-cancer (for all the chosen pollutants but BaP) responses, but in this paper we discuss only the assessments of noncarcinogenic risks due to TSP, SO2, NO2, Pb, and Cd as examples of how the quantitative estimates of health effects can be produced by using a risk function approach. We also schematically present a modified conceptual model of multimedia-multipollutant risk assessment taking into account the experience gained with this study.
Notes
Cites: Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 1987 Apr;38(4):553-603567392
Cites: Environ Res. 1989 Feb;48(1):7-162644119
Cites: Ann Ig. 1989 Sep-Oct;1(5):1185-962483901
Cites: J Air Waste Manage Assoc. 1992 May;42(5):662-711627322
Cites: Epidemiology. 2000 Sep;11(5):571-510955410
Cites: JAMA. 1994 Jul 27;272(4):284-918028141
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 Dec 26;837:372-869472353
Cites: Epidemiology. 1999 Sep;10(5):545-910468429
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;895:212-2210676419
Cites: Environ Res. 1994 Apr;65(1):42-558162884
PubMed ID
11171518 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Medico-ecological monitoring of cardiovascular diseases in the urbanized north].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184232
Source
Kardiologiia. 2003;43(1):51-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
V A Karpin
Source
Kardiologiia. 2003;43(1):51-4
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Russia - epidemiology
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Urbanization
Abstract
Aim of the study was to elucidate relationship between complex effect on organism of unfavorable ecological factors of high altitudes and course of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and hypertensive disease in Surgut (Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District). Five year medico-ecological monitoring established direct relation between dynamics of average monthly hospital admissions of patients with IHD and hypertension, level of atmospheric pressure and concentration of phenol in the air. Complex of nature conservation measures resulted in decreases of frequency of hospitalizations as well as cardiovascular morbidity with temporary loss of working capacity.
PubMed ID
12891287 View in PubMed
Less detail

410 records – page 1 of 21.