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Reference values of body mass at. birth among native northern population of Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58468
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2002 Aug;61(3):245-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2002
Author
Galina Vershubsky
Andrew Kozlov
Author Affiliation
ArctAn-C Innovative Laboratory, Moscow, Russia, and Sula Lab, Balik, Balchik Bulgaria. ggver@email.com
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2002 Aug;61(3):245-50
Date
Aug-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anthropometry
Birth weight
Body Height
Body mass index
Cold Climate
Continental Population Groups
Ethnic Groups - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Infant mortality
Infant, Newborn
Male
Oceanic Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
Reference Values
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Infants with body mass at birth deviating from the mean values exhibit higher level of mortality. The absence of the expressed phenotype deviations refers to the preservation and heredity of the most adopted genotypes (reference values). The newborns out of the adaptive norm are morbidity-prone. The reference value for body mass at birth was studied in the indegenous populations of the Kola Peninsula, Siberia, Far East and the Urals. By our data the Arctic Saami and the Far East Nanais show the reference values more distinct from other. Lasting (many-centuries-long) adaptation to specific environmental conditions leads to development of a special phenotype complex. The Saami and Nanais are the most representative populations of the arctic and the monsoon climate zones. Accordingly, the parameters of reference values of their newborns are significantly different from the characteristics of the infants of the moderate climate zone.
PubMed ID
12369113 View in PubMed
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[Dynamic morbidity of children as a evaluation criterion for renovation of aluminum manufacturing industries].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180406
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2004;(3):46
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
V B Gurvich
E G Plotko
K P Seliankina
V G Nadeenko
V V Ryzhov
S P Saichenko
V V Veprintsev
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2004;(3):46
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aluminum
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology
Health status
Humans
Industry
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Negative pollution effects from atmospheric discharges by aluminium facilities exerted on population health can be traced by the parameters of the reproductive function in women, physical development of newborns, general and differential morbidity of children aged below one year as well as by anthropometric signs in birth, morbidity of children and adults, mortality, including due to oncology. The introduction of modern technologies including the preliminarily fire anode treatment and the use of highly effective methods of purification of industrial wastes cut the concentration (in atmospheric air) of anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and of solid fluorides as well as of aluminium to maximum permissible concentration; it also essentially reduced the content of benzapilene. A better atmospheric air observed yet in the course of renovation contributed to a lower morbidity of children, aged below one year, as well as to the prevalence of diseases affecting the eyes, respiratory and digestive organs, skin and subcutaneous cellular tissue; it also cuts the number of congenital anomalies versus the data obtained in a neighboring district.
PubMed ID
15108377 View in PubMed
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Prepubertal Serum Concentrations of Organochlorine Pesticides and Age at Sexual Maturity in Russian Boys.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276678
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Nov;123(11):1216-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2015
Author
Thuy Lam
Paige L Williams
Mary M Lee
Susan A Korrick
Linda S Birnbaum
Jane S Burns
Oleg Sergeyev
Boris Revich
Larisa M Altshul
Donald G Patterson
Russ Hauser
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Nov;123(11):1216-21
Date
Nov-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Child
Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene - blood
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Hexachlorobenzene - blood
Humans
Lindane - blood
Male
Pesticides - blood
Russia - epidemiology
Sexual Maturation
Abstract
Few human studies have evaluated the impact of childhood exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCP) on pubertal development.
We evaluated associations of serum OCP concentrations [hexachlorobenzene (HCB), ?-hexachlorocyclohexane (?HCH), and p,p-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p?-DDE)] with age at attainment of sexual maturity among boys.
From 2003 through 2005, 350 8- to 9-year-old boys from Chapaevsk, Russia, with measured OCPs were enrolled and followed annually for 8 years. We used multivariable interval-censored models to evaluate associations of OCPs (quartiles) with three physician-assessed measures of sexual maturity: Tanner stage 5 for genitalia growth, Tanner stage 5 for pubic hair growth, or testicular volume (TV) = 20 mL in either testis.
In adjusted models, boys with higher HCB concentrations achieved sexual maturity reflected by TV = 20 mL a mean of 3.1 months (95% CI: -1.7, 7.8), 5.3 months (95% CI: 0.6, 10.1), and 5.0 months (95% CI: 0.2, 9.8) later for quartiles Q2, Q3, and Q4, respectively, compared with Q1 (p trend = 0.04). Tanner stage 5 for genitalia growth was attained a mean of 2.2 months (95% CI: -3.1, 7.5), 5.7 months (95% CI: 0.4, 11.0), and 3.7 months (95% CI: -1.7, 9.1) later for quartiles Q2, Q3, and Q4, respectively, of ?HCH compared with Q1 (p trend = 0.09). Tanner stage 5 for pubic hair growth occurred 6-9 months later on average for boys in the highest versus lowest quartile for HCB (p trend
Notes
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PubMed ID
26009253 View in PubMed
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Comparison of mortality in Asbest city and the Sverdlovsk region in the Russian Federation: 1997-2010.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276960
Source
Environ Health. 2016 Mar 01;15:42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-01-2016
Author
E V Kovalevskiy
S J Schonfeld
E. Feletto
M. Moissonnier
S V Kashanskiy
I V Bukhtiyarov
J. Schüz
Source
Environ Health. 2016 Mar 01;15:42
Date
Mar-01-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Asbestos, Serpentine
Cities - epidemiology
Environmental Exposure - history
Female
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mining
Mortality
Neoplasms - mortality
Russia - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
The Sverdlovsk region of the Russian Federation is characterised by its abundance of natural resources and industries. Located in this region, Asbest city is situated next to one of the largest open-pit chrysotile asbestos mines currently operational; many city residents are employed in activities related to mining and processing of chrysotile. We compared mortality rates from 1997 to 2010 in Asbest city to the remaining Sverdlovsk region, with additional analyses conducted for site-specific cancer mortality.
Population and mortality data for Asbest city and Sverdlovsk region were used to estimate crude and age-specific rates by gender for the entire period and for each calendar year. Age-standardized mortality rates were also calculated for the adult population (20+) and Poisson regression was used to estimate standardized mortality ratios, overall and by gender.
During the period of 1997 to 2010, there were similar mortality rates overall in Asbest and the Sverdlovsk region. However, there were higher rates of cancer mortality (18 % males; 21 % females) and digestive diseases (21 % males; 40 % females) in Asbest and lower rates of unknown/ill-defined in Asbest (60 % males; 47 % females). Circulatory disease mortality was slightly lower in Asbest. Cancer mortality was higher for men in Asbest from oesophageal, urinary tract and lung cancers compared to the Sverdlovsk region. In women, cancer mortality was higher for women in Asbest from stomach, colon, lung and breast cancers compared to the Sverdlovsk region.
This large population-based analysis indicates interesting differences but studies with individual exposure information are needed to understand the underlying factors.
Notes
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PubMed ID
26926835 View in PubMed
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Ecological and biochemical characteristics of alcohol pathologies in the North and their influence upon the total sickness rate of the population

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10076
Source
Pages 555-563 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part II, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(4)
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2001
- zyme spectrum of alcohol reducing enzymes. The paper analyses the influence of alcohol drinking intensity and population steadi- ness to alcohol upon somatic sickness of the number of nosologic forms and gives an assessment of mechanisms of this influence. (Im J Circumpolar Health 2001; 60:555
  1 document  
Author
Kershengolts, B
Kolosova, O
Krivogornizina, E
Yakovleva, N
Meltser, I
Author Affiliation
Department of Biological chemistry, Yakutsk State University, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia. bgf_bmk@sitc.ru
Source
Pages 555-563 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part II, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(4)
Date
Nov-2001
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Alcohol drinking - ethnology - metabolism - physiopathology
Alcoholism - ethnology - metabolism - physiopathology
Continental Population Groups
Drug Tolerance - genetics
Ecology
Ethanol - adverse effects - metabolism
Humans
Oceanic Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
Phenotype
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Studying different population groups of Yakutia and changes in statistics during the 80-90-s, this paper tries to follow up the tendencies in community differences in tolerance of human organism to alcohol. This paper is also aimed at finding out molecule-genetic reasons for the discovered differences in alcohol tolerance on the basis of research of community phenotype characteristics of isoenzyme spectrum of alcohol reducing enzymes. The paper analyses the influence of alcohol drinking intensity and population steadiness to alcohol upon somatic sickness of the number of nosologic forms and gives an assessment of mechanisms of this influence.
PubMed ID
11768435 View in PubMed
Documents
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[Clinical and hematologic abnormalities in children health, caused by exposure to lead].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144140
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(2):29-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
I A Plotnikova
O P Kovtun
L A Anokhina
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(2):29-35
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Platelets - drug effects
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Erythrocytes - drug effects
Hematologic Diseases - blood - chemically induced - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Industry
Lead - adverse effects
Reticulocytes - drug effects
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The article deals with clinical results of medical examination and treatment of children residents of industrial districts in Sverdlovsk area, with various methods of analysis determining relationships between heavy metals, metalloids and marker anamnestic data and hematologic abnormalities (changes in RBC, platelets and reticulocytes counts).
PubMed ID
20402221 View in PubMed
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[Human health risk assessment of environmental pollution at the municipal level].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144387
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):21-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Sergeeva
M Iu Iakusheva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):21-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child
Environmental Health - legislation & jurisprudence
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Local Government
Program Evaluation
Risk Assessment - legislation & jurisprudence - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The established tense environmental situation in Krasnouralsk, Sverdlovsk Region, presents a serious threat to human health. Development of a medium-term municipal environmental program for a Krasnouralsk urban district provides solutions of environmental problems. The human health status and carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks from exposure to chemical substances polluting ambient air, drinking water, and soil have been assessed within the framework of the program. The findings have served as a basis for elaborating technological and sanitary-and-hygienic measures of the environmental program to assure human environmental safety.
PubMed ID
20373708 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of human health risk factors in the city of Nizhnekamsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature185917
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 Jan-Feb;(1):30-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
A V Ivanov
O A Frolova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 Jan-Feb;(1):30-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Exposure - statistics & numerical data
Hazardous Substances
Humans
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Nizhnekamsk is marked not only high by levels of ambient air pollution, but also by the deteriorated qualitative composition of portable water. The present paper gives the results of assessment of the mutagenic activity of tap water. A test system of biological evaluation of portable water is proposed.
PubMed ID
12680094 View in PubMed
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[System monitoring health state of individuals suffering from occupational diseases in the Rostov region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186081
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2003;(1):6-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
I N Piktushanskaia
S A Popov
A I Shabalkin
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2003;(1):6-8
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Epidemiological Monitoring
Health status
Humans
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The authors describe experience associated with creation of automated system registering patients with occupational diseases, monitoring health state of patients with occupational diseases, specifying thorough analysis of occupational morbidity.
PubMed ID
12666619 View in PubMed
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[Scientific rationale for basic directions of the optimization of the population health in the development of municipal environmental programs].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264391
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):117-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
M Iu Iakusheva
O V Astaf'eva
S E Deriagina
M B Sergeeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):117-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - legislation & jurisprudence
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Local Government
Program Evaluation
Public Health
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
For the solution of ecological problems in the framework of the preparation of the municipal ecological program in the city of Verkhnyaya Pyshma (Sverdlovskaya Oblast) there was peiformed the assessment of the state of population health, the evaluation of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk from chemicals that pollute the air and drinking water Atmospheric air was established to be the main environment cause for carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks. The obtained results served as the basis for the development of technological, sanitary and hygienical measures of the program aimed at optimizing of the population health.
PubMed ID
26031056 View in PubMed
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[Urbanization--a factor that increases the risk for health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264404
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):8-11
Publication Type
Article
Author
K B Fridman
T V Kriukova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):8-11
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Illness - epidemiology
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Morbidity - trends
Public Health
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Urbanization - trends
Abstract
The negative impact of urbanization on public health is obvious. However; due to the comprehensiveness and polymorphicity of its manifestations there are not established criteria for them. Health risk methodology allows, in principle, to obtain quantitative indices of the separate results of the impact on the health status of the citizens of metropolis that can be extremely effective in this area. The total cross-media riskfrom traffic pollution, drinking water quality, open ponds, noise, etc. permits to use of hygiene criteria in urban planning, insurance, taxation, etc.
PubMed ID
26031033 View in PubMed
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[The impact of ecological and socio-hygienic factors on the health status of children of school age].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290149
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):760-4
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
V V Vasilyev
M V Perekusikhin
Yu V Korochkina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):760-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Environmental Health - organization & administration - standards
Female
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Male
Nutritional Status
Population
Public Health - methods
Russia - epidemiology
School Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Social Environment
Abstract
Negative trends in incidence rates of children and adolescents of the city of Penza are due to the influence of both environmental factors as well as the educational process. Hygienic trouble in the city of Penza determines air pollution emissions of road transport, as evidenced by the high levels of morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The priorities for the correction factors are conditions and the organization of nutrition, physical education. There are identified the most important lifestyle factors for senior pupils that need the solution.
PubMed ID
29430902 View in PubMed
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[Ecological-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky Krai].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290151
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
P F Kiku
B I Geltser
M V Yarygina
S N Beniowa
T V Gorborukova
V G Moreva
N S Shiter
K M Sabirova
M A Mezentseva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Illness - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Female
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - analysis
Humans
Inhalation Exposure
Male
Respiratory Tract Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia - epidemiology
School Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
There was executed the ecologic-hygienic assessment of the distribution of respiratory diseases prevalence in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. The aim of the study was a systematic assessment of the impact of ecological-hygienic factors of environment on the distribution of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky region. As an information database there were used indices of the prevalence of diseases of the respiratory system of the ICD-10 class of the official statistical report forms for the period of2000-2013 and the parameters of the environment offactor modules (6 - socio-sanitary, 5 - environmental). The numerical values of modules offactors were determined according to a specially developed scoring scale. The study of the prevalence was carried out with the use of a classical method of data analysis - descriptive statistics, Chi-square criteria. By means of the method of regression analysis from the SPSS package software there was established the relationship of environmental factors and the level of the prevalence of diseases, and were calculated values of the factor loadings influencing on the morbidity rate of children and adolescents. The study revealed that in the structure of morbidity diseases of the respiratory system account of 39% in adolescents, 61% - in children. Constructed predictive models describe the trend of the increasing in the prevalence in adolescents and children. Over the past 15 years, the level of respiratory diseases morbidity rate increased by 46.1%. It is established that the prevalence of respiratory diseases in children and adolescents from various districts of the Primorsky territory depends on the features of the bioclimatic zones and the degree of sanitary-hygienic situation, as well as combinations of parameters that form these zones; the highest cumulative level of the prevalence is observed in the bioclimatic zone of the coast, that is caused by the various degree of the impact of biotropic factors of environment; The prevalence of diseases of respiratory system is mainly affected by bioclimatic factors: residence in an area of high humidity, temperature swings, movements of air masses in combination with air pollution.
PubMed ID
29430900 View in PubMed
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[Microscopic soil fungi - bioindicators organisms contaminated soil].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290302
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):891-4
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
L G Donerian
M A Vodianova
Zh E Tarasova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):891-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
DNA, Fungal - analysis
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Fungi - classification - genetics - isolation & purification
Humans
Petroleum Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Public Health - methods - standards
Russia - epidemiology
Soil Microbiology - standards
Urban Health - standards
Abstract
In the paper there are considered methodological issues for the evaluation of soil biota in terms of oil pollution. Experimental studies have shown that under the exposure of a various levels of oil pollution meeting certain gradations of the state and optimal alteration in microbocenosis in sod-podzolic soils, there is occurred a transformation of structure of the complex of micromycetes and the accumulation of toxic species, hardly typical for podzolic soils - primarily represantatives of the genus Aspergillus (A.niger and A. versicolor), Paecilomyces (P.variotii Bainer), Trichoderma (T.hamatum), the genus of phytopathogens Fusarium (F.oxysporum), dermatophytes of genus Sporothrix (S. schenckii) and dark-colored melanin containing fungi of Dematiaceae family. Besides that there are presented data on the study of microbiocenosis of the urban soil, the urban soil differed from the zone soil, but shaped in similar landscape and climatic conditions, and therefore having a tendency to a similar response from the side of microorganisms inhabiting the soil. Isolated complex of soil microscopic fungi is described by many authors as a complex, characteristic for soils of megalopolises. This allowed authors of this work to suggest that in urban soils the gain in the occurrence of pathogenic species micromycetes also increases against a background of chronic, continuously renewed inflow of petroleum hydrocarbons from various sources of pollution. Because changes in the species composition of micromycetes occurred in accordance with the increasing load of oil, so far as microscopic soil fungi can be recommended as a bioindicator organisms for oil. In the article there is also provided information about the distinctive features of modern DNA identification method of soil microscopic fungi and accepted in our country methodology of isolation of micromycetes with the use of a nutrient Czapek medium.
PubMed ID
29431327 View in PubMed
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[Cytogenetic status of the residents of the Gydansky Peninsula (Gydan)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290303
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):865-8
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
E V Shinkaruk
E V Agbalyan
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):865-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Cytogenetic Analysis - methods - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Exposure - analysis - prevention & control - standards
Health Plan Implementation - methods - trends
Humans
Industrial Development - trends
Population Health - statistics & numerical data
Public Health - standards - trends
Regional Health Planning - organization & administration
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The relevance of the study on the Gydansky Peninsula lies in poor knowledge and inaccessibility of the territory, planned intensive industrial development of the Gydansky Peninsula, in 2011 there were received licenses for the exploration of license areas at the peninsula up to 2031. Industrial development will inevitably lead to certain environmental shifts, emission of the harmful substances into biosphere, the accumulation of anthropogenic pollutants in soil and water sources. The proposed development of the territory of the Peninsula Gydan sets the task of assessment of the impact of gas and oil production in conditions of the far North on health, as well indigenous persons as employees recruited to this of the region. One of the informative approaches to the assessment of population health is the assessment of the cytogenetic status with the use of noninvasive analysis of buccal epithelium. The aim of the study is to determine the cytogenetic status of the inhabitants of the village of Antipayuta of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug for the assessment of the impact of environmental factors on the health of the population at the present stage of the industrial development of the territory. Samples of buccal epithelium of 81 alien and indigenous people of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous district were the object of the investigation. There was performed the analysis of indices of cells of buccal epithelium of the residents living in the village in comparison with the control group. The analysis of samples was performed on a Nikon Eclipse E100 microscope. For the assessment of the cytogenetic status of the individual there was used the proposed by Sycheva L. P. (2012-Index of accumulation of cytogenetic damages (Iac). It is shown that the frequency of occurrence of micronucleus and nuclear protrusions does not exceed the performance of the control group. The index of accumulation of cytogenetic damage for the population of the village is 0.78±0.07% and corresponds to a low level. The analysis of indices of buccal epithelial cells of residents living in rural areas was performed in the comparison with the control group The prevalence rate of cells with micronuclei and protrusions were shown to account of 14.6% andfail to exceed indices in the control group. Accumulation index of cytogenetic damages for the village population is 0.78 ± 0.07 % and corresponds to the low level. The amount of cells with micronuclei and protrusions in the current study is by 14.6% lower than the average of the control group. The intensity of proliferative processes and apoptosis in the comparison groups occurs evenly.
PubMed ID
29431322 View in PubMed
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[Heavy metals and hydrocarbons content in soils of settlements of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290306
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):818-21
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
I I Alekseev
E V Abakumov
G A Shamilishvili
E D Lodygin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):818-21
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Arsenic - analysis
Environmental Monitoring - methods - statistics & numerical data
Extraction and Processing Industry - methods - standards
Humans
Hydrocarbons - analysis
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Metals, Heavy - analysis
Population health
Public Health - methods - standards
Russia - epidemiology
Soil - chemistry
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
In August 2015 there were executed investigations on the study of the soils diversity of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. One of the directions of this work got be the study of urban soils of settlements of the Yamal-Nenents Autonomous Okrug. The sectors for the observation were settlement of Harsaim, village Aksarka, city of Salekhard, settlement Harp and city of Labytnangi. About 20 soil samples were collected during the field work. Samples were collected from a depth of 0-5 cm and 5-20 cm. Heavy metals (HM) were detected with the use of X-ray fluorescent analyzer “Spectroscan-MAX”. The HM content values were compared with the corresponding Approxible Permissible Concentrations and Maximum Allowable Concentrations (MAC) adopted in Russia. Hydrocarbons content was determined by gravimetric method. Values of the hydrocarbons content in studied soils were compared with the existing regulations of the Russian Federation. The levels of soil contamination by hydrocarbons were determined. The study of soil samples from different settlements allowed to reveal characteristic features of soil contamination of separate settlements by HM and hydrocarbons and to compare them against each other. The vast majority of samples are characterized by arsenic exceedance of MAC, which should indicate to a high regional background of this element. For a more adequate assessment of the Zc meaning as the value of the total pollution index of soils there were used not only arithmetical average values of the coefficients of the chemical composition concentration (Kc), but also their average geometric values. According to levels of total soil contamination most of soil samples are characterized as non-hazardous (Zc
PubMed ID
29430914 View in PubMed
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[Medical hydrogeology is an independent interdisciplinary branch of the science about groundwater].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290308
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):800-5
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
L I Elpiner
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):800-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - methods - standards
Environmental pollution - prevention & control
Groundwater - analysis - standards
Humans
Interdisciplinary Communication
Public Health - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Water Quality - standards
Water Supply - methods - standards - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The use of groundwater in population water supply systems gains more and more importance because of increasing degradation of the quality of surface water sources. At the same time there are changed concepts on ubiquitous high quality of groundwater. The executed analysis offoreign and domestic literature allowed authors to determine the character and causes of negative changes in the composition of groundwater. In the large body of investigations there were established cause-and-effect relationships between a number of noninfectious (including cardiovascular and cancer) and infectious diseases and anthropogenic pollution and the natural composition of groundwater. In the article there is substantiated the formation of a new interdisciplinary scientific direction - medical hydrogeology. On the basis of current data on the medical and ecological significance of the quality, quantity and regime of the groundwater, geological conditions of the shaping of their composition, there was shown the need of the consideration of the hydrological situation in making water supply management solutions safe for the health of the population. In this regard, there were considered the interrelationship and interdependence of allied disciplines - hygiene, ecological toxicology and epidemiology, hydrogeochemistry, hydrogeology. There was pointed the importance of the acquisition of based on hydrogeology medical specialists of the water supply profile for sharing with hygienists of the effective solution of tasks of the management of groundwater sources.
PubMed ID
29430911 View in PubMed
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[Methodological problems of noninfectious epidemiology and hygiene under chemical pollution of the environment].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290309
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):797-800
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
N V Rusakov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(9):797-800
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Chemical Hazard Release - prevention & control
Environmental Illness - epidemiology
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Humans
Needs Assessment
Noncommunicable Diseases - epidemiology
Public Health - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
In modern conditions the base of the assurance of the safety of human being from harmful factors of environment is the hygienic rationing for the latters. The use of this methodological principle led to the considerable decline in the level of chemical pollution of environment objects. However tens of millions of Russians are exposed to the impact of chemicals above admissible hygienic level. There was noted the high prevalence and mortality rate due to noninfectious diseases of the population. The hygienic science needs to develop and introduce methodology of personification prevention on protection of the person against chemical environmental pollution.
PubMed ID
29430910 View in PubMed
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