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617 records – page 1 of 31.

Indicators of trace-element status of children living in rural areas.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122565
Source
Bull Exp Biol Med. 2011 Nov;152(1):12-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2011
Author
F G Sitdikov
N V Svyatova
E S Egerev
Author Affiliation
Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Health of the Tatar State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Kazan, Russia.
Source
Bull Exp Biol Med. 2011 Nov;152(1):12-4
Date
Nov-2011
Language
English
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Environmental Exposure
Female
Hair - chemistry
Humans
Rural Population
Russia
Soil Pollutants - chemistry - metabolism
Trace Elements - chemistry - metabolism
Water Pollutants - chemistry - metabolism
Abstract
The content of essential and toxic elements, except beryllium and mercury, in the hair of examined children (girls aged 7-9 years) is within the biologically acceptable levels set by WHO. The data on the content of essential trace elements suggest that urgent measures aimed at normalization of the elemental status of children are required.
PubMed ID
22803027 View in PubMed
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[Population health in some of the Northern regions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58237
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 2004 May-Jun;(3):3-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
E A Tishuk
V O Shchepin
N P Druzhinin
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 2004 May-Jun;(3):3-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Birth rate
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Environmental pollution
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Life expectancy
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity - trends
Mortality - trends
Population Dynamics
Public Health
Russia
Siberia
Socioeconomic Factors
Suicide - trends
Transients and Migrants
Abstract
The conditions and dynamic changes of the most important indices related with population health in a number of Northern regions of the Russian Federation are under discussion. A conclusion is made that they are predetermined by migration processes, latitude effects and peculiarities of production activity.
PubMed ID
15455520 View in PubMed
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[On the measures for environmental and health safety in the development and implementation of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134791
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
G G Onishchenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Nanostructures - adverse effects - analysis
Nanotechnology
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
Nanotechnologies find wide application in industry and medicine. The Russian market of nanotechnologies is at the very beginning of development. Rospotrebnadzor has amassed a wealth of experience in the creation of efficacious systems for estimation and sanitary-epidemiological control of the safety of goods and foodstuffs. The assessment of the safety of nanoparticles and nanomaterials has been carried out since 2007. In 2008-2009, a survey was initiated with a view to developing safety criteria for nanoproducts, nanomaterials, and nanotechnologies. In 2010, research institutions of Rospotrebnadzor were engaged in investigations aimed to develop relevant regulatory and procedural documentation. Studies are underway to work out new highly sensitive methods for the detection, identification and qualitative determination of nanomaterials in the environment, food-staffs, and biological media.
PubMed ID
21542372 View in PubMed
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Environmental, health and safety assessment of decommissioning radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) in northwest Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature87550
Source
J Radiol Prot. 2007 Sep;27(3):321-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2007
Author
Standring W J F
Dowdall M.
Sneve M.
Selnaes Ø G
Amundsen I.
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, PO Box 55, N-1332 Østerås, Norway. william.strandring@nrpa.no
Source
J Radiol Prot. 2007 Sep;27(3):321-31
Date
Sep-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation - prevention & control
Decontamination
Environmental pollution - prevention & control
International Cooperation
Norway
Power Plants - instrumentation
Radiation Protection
Radioactive Waste - adverse effects - analysis
Risk assessment
Risk Management
Russia
Safety
Strontium Radioisotopes - adverse effects - chemistry
Yttrium Radioisotopes - adverse effects - chemistry
Abstract
This paper presents findings from public health and environmental assessment work that has been conducted as part of a joint Norwegian-Russian project to decommission radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTG) in northwest Russia. RTGs utilise heat energy from radioactive isotopes, in this case 90Sr and its daughter nuclide 90Y, to generate electricity as a power source. Different accident scenarios based on the decommissioning process for RTGs are assessed in terms of possible radiation effects to humans and the environment. Doses to humans and biota under the worst-case scenario were lower than threshold limits given in ICRP and IAEA literature.
PubMed ID
17768331 View in PubMed
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Issues in the reconstruction of environmental doses on the basis of thermoluminescence measurements in the Techa riverside.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203847
Source
Health Phys. 1998 Dec;75(6):574-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1998
Author
N G Bougrov
H Y Göksu
E. Haskell
M O Degteva
R. Meckbach
P. Jacob
Author Affiliation
Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk, Russia.
Source
Health Phys. 1998 Dec;75(6):574-83
Date
Dec-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alpha Particles
Beta Particles
Computer simulation
Construction Materials
Environmental pollution - analysis
Fresh Water
Hot Temperature
Humans
Luminescent Measurements
Monte Carlo Method
Radiation, Ionizing
Radioactive Hazard Release
Russia
Strontium - analysis
Water Pollution, Radioactive - analysis
Water supply
Abstract
The potential of thermoluminescence measurements of bricks from the contaminated area of the Techa river valley, Southern Urals, Russia, for reconstructing external exposures of affected population groups has been studied. Thermoluminescence dating of background samples was used to evaluate the age of old buildings available on the river banks. The anthropogenic gamma dose accrued in exposed samples is determined by subtracting the natural radiation background dose for the corresponding age from the accumulated dose measured by thermoluminescence. For a site in the upper Techa river region, where the levels of external exposures were extremely high, the depth-dose distribution in bricks and the dependence of accidental dose on the height of the sampling position were determined. For the same site, Monte Carlo simulations of radiation transport were performed for different source configurations corresponding to the situation before and after the construction of a reservoir on the river and evacuation of the population in 1956. A comparison of the results provides an understanding of the features of the measured depth-dose distributions and height dependencies in terms of the source configurations and shows that bricks from the higher sampling positions are likely to have accrued a larger fraction of anthropogenic dose from the time before the construction of the reservoir. The applicability of the thermoluminescent dosimetry method to environmental dose reconstruction in the middle Techa region, where the external exposure was relatively low, was also investigated.
PubMed ID
9827504 View in PubMed
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Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature185327
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2003 Jul;57(1):39-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2003
Author
Tim Rhodes
Larissa Mikhailova
Anya Sarang
Catherine M Lowndes
Andrey Rylkov
Mikhail Khutorskoy
Adrian Renton
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan's Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK. t.rhodes@ic.ac.uk
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2003 Jul;57(1):39-54
Date
Jul-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Blood-Borne Pathogens
Drug and Narcotic Control
Female
HIV Infections - etiology - prevention & control
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Needle Sharing - adverse effects - psychology
Needle-Exchange Programs
Police
Qualitative Research
Risk Reduction Behavior
Risk-Taking
Russia
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - psychology - virology
Syringes
Abstract
We undertook a qualitative study to explore the micro-environment of drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange practices among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Togliatti City, Russia. Semi-structured qualitative interviews (n=57) were undertaken with current IDUs in May 2001. Findings highlight a recent transition away from hanka (a home-produced liquid opiate derived from opium poppy) towards the injection of heroin powder, and a drug use culture in which injecting predominates. Findings emphasise that risk reduction practices may be influenced less by availability of injecting equipment than by an interplay of situational and micro-environmental factors. Principal among these is a reported fear of police detainment or arrest among IDUs which encourages a reluctance to carry needles and syringes, and which in turn, is associated with needle and syringe sharing at the point of drug sale. We note the role of policing practices in influencing risk reduction and the potential role of policing agencies in supporting HIV prevention initiatives among IDUs.
PubMed ID
12753815 View in PubMed
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[The 7th Congress of Public Health Physicians of Russia: new and old problems].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature224089
Source
Gig Sanit. 1992 Apr;(4):63-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1992

[Microbiological monitoring of urban soils state ].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144355
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Medvedeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Russia
Soil Microbiology - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
A comprehensive study of the state of urban soils revealed the altered structural and functional organization of microbiocenosis versus that of the soils of intact forest ecosystems. The indicator microbial and biochemical parameters of the state of the soils under urban technological pressure were identified. The findings may be used to evaluate the natural environment, to make an urban environmental monitoring.
PubMed ID
20376936 View in PubMed
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[Rationale for a differential approach to molding a healthy lifestyle in schoolchildren].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144380
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):80-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Davydenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):80-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Adolescent
Child
Educational Status
Female
Health status
Humans
Life Style
Male
Retrospective Studies
Russia
Schools
Urban Population
Abstract
The lifestyle of schoolchildren in a large industrial town was studied in relation to the residence (industrial and administrative areas) and the type of an education establishment (general education schools and innovative education establishments). The spread of lifestyle defects (sleep and walk irregularities, inactivity, bad habits, employment) was shown to be higher in the schoolchildren living in the industrial areas, in general education school pupils in particular. That of lifestyle defects was higher in girls (sleep and diet irregularities, inactivity) than in boys. The findings provide evidence that there is a need for a differential approach to molding a healthy lifestyle in schoolchildren, by keeping in mind the environmental and socioeconomic situation of a residence, the type of an education establishment, age, and gender.
PubMed ID
20373721 View in PubMed
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[The sanitary and hygienic state of solid garbage burial grounds in the stages of a life cycle].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144383
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):39-42
Publication Type
Article
Author
A M Zomarev
Ia I Vaisman
T A Zaitseva
I S Glushankova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):39-42
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Refuse Disposal - standards
Russia
Sanitation - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to assess the sanitary-and-hygienic state of solid garbage (SG) burial grounds in the Perm Territory in different stage of a life cycle. This paper presents the results of the study of deposited waste, forming dump soil, and SG ground emissions by general sanitary and sanitary-microbiological parameters and their effect on environmental objects. The performed studies of the sanitary-and-hygienic situation on some grounds of the Perm Territory suggest that there is a need for setting up a system for sanitary-and-monitoring of SG ground and for elaborating engineering, organizational, and prophylactic measures to assure the sanitary-and-hygienic safety of objects and to control the quality and quantity of waste to be buried and the currents of emissions (ground body degassing, filtrating sewage drainage and purification).
PubMed ID
20373712 View in PubMed
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[Topical issues of biological safety under current conditions. Part 3. Scientific provision for the national regulation of the biological safety framework in its broad interpretation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263903
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):118-27
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
G G Onishchenko
V Yu Smolensky
E B Ezhlova
Yu V Demina
V P Toporkov
A V Toporkov
M N Lyapin
V V Kutyrev
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):118-27
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biological Warfare
Civil Defense - methods - organization & administration
Disaster Planning - methods - organization & administration
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Government Programs
Humans
Public Policy
Russia
Safety
Toxins, Biological
Abstract
Consequent of investigation concerned with biological safety (BS) framework development in its broad interpretation, reflected in the Russian Federation State Acts, identified have been conceptual entity parameters of the up-to-date broad interpretation of BS, which have formed a part of the developed by the authors system for surveillance (prophylaxis, localization, indication, identification, and diagnostics) and control (prophylaxis, localization, and response/elimination) over the emergency situations of biological (sanitary-epidemiological) character. The System functionality is activated through supplying the content with information data which are concerned with monitoring and control of specific internal and external threats in the sphere of BS provision fixed in the Supplement 2 of the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005), and with the previously characterized nomenclature of hazardous biological factors. The system is designed as a network-based research-and-practice tool for evaluation of the situation in the sphere of BS provision, as well as assessment of efficacy of management decision making as regards BS control and proper State policy implementation. Most of the system elements either directly or indirectly relate to the scope of activities conducted by Federal Service for Surveillance in the Sphere of Consumers Rights Protection and Human Welfare, being substantial argument for allocating coordination functions in the sphere of BS provision to this government agency and consistent with its function as the State Coordinator on IHR (2005). The data collected serve as materials to Draft Federal Law "Concerning biological safety provision of the population".
PubMed ID
25971137 View in PubMed
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[The balance of the Work of Plenum of the Research Council on Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene of the Russian Federation "priorities of preventive health care in the sustainable development of society: state and approaches for the solution of problems"].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264419
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):119-21
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material

[New methodical approaches in the projection of zones of sanitary protection of water sources].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264420
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):115-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
K B Fridman
V L Romantsova
G I Voroniuk
N S Bashketova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):115-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Geographic Information Systems - organization & administration
Humans
Russia
Sanitation - methods
Water Resources - standards
Water Supply - standards
Abstract
In the projection of sanitary protection zones of water sources it is extremely important to determine the specific boundaries of the established zones of sanitary protection due to the solution of property issues and responsibilities. In the paper projection of data with account of required scaling it is not possible to do. In this case, the use of geographic information systems is appropriate and useful. In addition there is necessary an adjustment of the existing sanitary calculations in relation to zones of sanitary protection of water sources in the part of specification of the order of approval of projects of sanitary protection zones and organization of the control for their implementation.
PubMed ID
25950064 View in PubMed
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[The urgent problems of the improvement of the environment management system based on the analysis of health risk assessment].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264434
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):5-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
S L Avaliani
S M Novikov
T A Shashina
N S Dodina
V A Kislitsin
A L Mishina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):5-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Health status
Humans
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia
Abstract
The lack of adequate legislative and regulatory framework for ensuring minimization of the health risks in the field of environmental protection is the obstacle for the application of the risk analysis methodology as a leading tool for administrative activity in Russia. "Principles of the state policy in the sphere of ensuring chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025 and beyond", approved by the President of the Russian Federation on 01 November 2013, No PR-25 73, are aimed at the legal support for the health risk analysis methodology. In the article there have been supposed the main stages of the operative control of the environmental quality, which lead to the reduction of the health risk to the acceptable level. The further improvement of the health risk analysis methodology in Russia should contribute to the implementation of the state policy in the sphere of chemical and biological safety through the introduction of complex measures on neutralization of chemical and biological threats to the human health and the environment, as well as evaluation of the economic effectiveness of these measures. The primary step should be the legislative securing of the quantitative value for the term: "acceptable risk".
PubMed ID
25950036 View in PubMed
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[The decision of the Plenum of the Scientific Council of the Russian Federation for Human Ecology and Environmental Health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290145
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):790-2
Publication Type
Consensus Development Conference
Journal Article

[Methodological aspects of the assessment of phytotoxicic properties of ice-melter reagents].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290147
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):773-8
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
A V Sbitnev
M A Vodianova
I A Kriatov
L G Donerian
I S Evseeva
O V Ushakova
D I Ushakov
I S Matveeva
O M Rodionova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):773-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Freezing
Humans
Ice
Plants - drug effects
Russia
Snow
Sodium Chloride - chemistry - toxicity
Soil Pollutants - chemistry - toxicity
Solvents - chemistry
Toxicological Phenomena
Transportation
Abstract
One of the main criteria which determine the possibility of the use of a particular type of ice-melter reagents (IMR) is the degree of their safety for the environment and human health, which is reflected in the establishment of safe doses and concentrations. In this regard, the current area of research is to improve the ecological and epidemiological principles of risk assessment of modern types of anti-icing agents. Currently available data concerning monitoring soil studies and the snow held in various cities of Russia, show that there is a process of accumulation of the main components of IMR - sodium and chlorine ions in the areas related to the roadway. The article is designated a problem of existing methodological approaches to the assessment of the phytotoxic impact in the investigation of anti-icing agents in the laboratory. There was executed the comparative characteristics of the results of the preliminary pilot studies on the phytotoxic properties of IMR under using different substrates for germination of seeds - soil and filter paper. The data obtained are characterized by differences in the degree of phytotoxic action of the same species depending upon ice-melter reagents methodical setting circuit laboratory experiment. As a result, there was shown the imperfection of the existing method of rapid analysis in relation to ice-melter materials (IMM).
PubMed ID
29430905 View in PubMed
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617 records – page 1 of 31.