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Electric power and environmental health in Alaska Native villages

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1109
Source
Public Health Reports. 1964 Dec;79(12):1087-1092
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1964
  1 website  
Author
Hickey, J.L.S.
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health Research Center
Source
Public Health Reports. 1964 Dec;79(12):1087-1092
Date
Dec-1964
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Alaska
Barrow
Bethel
District of Columbia
Economics
Electric power
Enteritis
Environmental health
Health Surveys
Kanakanak
Kotzebue
Water supply
Abstract
Environmental health in the United States has improved hand in hand with the increased availability of electric power. Although a direct causal relationship may be lacking, there is no doubt that power has contributed vastly to the factors consideredimportant to better environmental health. Large segments of the Alaska community, however, are power starved. The inhabitantsof remote Alaska Native villages year after year have had few of the environmental health benefits and conveniences that power brings. The present status of power and specific ways in which electric power could benefit environmental health and might be made available in those villages where it is lacking are outlinedhere.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 790.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 105.
Online Resources
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Human Adaptability Project (Igloolik, N.W.T.). Reports for 1969-1970. Annual report 2.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1225
Source
University of Toronto, Toronto. 95 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1970
Author
International Biological Programme.
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto
Source
University of Toronto, Toronto. 95 pp.
Date
1970
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Igloolik
Hall Beach
Growth and development
Nutrition
Dental caries
Environmental health
Diet, general
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 68.
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An ecosystems approach to health in the Arctic

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1315
Source
Pages 185-194 in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Oulu, Finland, 21-24 June, 1971. Acta Socio-Medica Scandinavica. Supplement 6.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1972
of human populations the limited availa- bility of resources and severe environmental pressures present a unique oppor- tunity to evaluate an ecosystems approach to a variety of native health prob- lems. This approach consists of investigating the interrelations of significant environmental
  1 document  
Author
Katz, S.H.
Foulks, E.
Author Affiliation
University of Pennsylvania
Source
Pages 185-194 in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Oulu, Finland, 21-24 June, 1971. Acta Socio-Medica Scandinavica. Supplement 6.
Date
1972
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Barrow
Ecosystems
Demography
Acculturation
Diarrhea
Methodology
Alaska
Arctic Regions
Ecology
Environmental health
Ethnic Groups
Humans
Models, Biological
Rural Health
Social Chang
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 74.
Documents
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Observations on the distribution and ecology of Clostridium botulinum type E in Alaska.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1733
Source
Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 1975 Jun; 21(6):920-926.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1975
Author
Miller, L.G.
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health Research Center
Source
Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 1975 Jun; 21(6):920-926.
Date
1975
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Botulism, type E
Diet, traditional
Environmental health
Culture survey
Zoonosis
Alaska
Animals
Botulinum Toxins - isolation & purification
Clostridium botulinum - enzymology - isolation & purification
Ecology
Food Microbiology
Gelatin - metabolism
Otters - microbiology
Peptide Hydrolases
Salmon - microbiology
Seals, Earless - microbiology
Soil Microbiology
Temperature
Walruses - microbiology
Water Microbiology
Whales - microbiology
Abstract
Environmental samples collected along the coastline and from the interior of Alaska were examined for the presence of Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium botulinum type E was detected in soils from 5 of 12 beaches; in 7 of 115 non-coastal soil samples; in sediments from six of eight locales; in gills of salmon from two fishing areas; and in the feces of 1 of 44 colonic samples from marine mammals. The basic biochemical characteristics of the isolates were determined. Tube tests for demonstrating gelatin liquefaction proved insensitive with these strains, whereas a plate test detected gelatinase in all isolates. The presence of multiple nidi and the continual discharge of organic materials into the environment may contribute to the perpetuation of botulinum spores by which foods prepared form marine animals become contaminated. An emphasis should be placed upon the need for measures to reduce environmental contamination, to reduce contamination during food preparation, and to alert continually the population of the hazard wherever botulism is endemic.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1847.
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Possible origin of Clostridium botulinum contamination of Eskimo foods in northwestern Alaska.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1734
Source
Applied Microbiology. 1972 Feb; 23(2):427-428.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1972
Author
Miller, L.G.
Clark, P.S.
Kunkle, G.A.
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health Research Center
Source
Applied Microbiology. 1972 Feb; 23(2):427-428.
Date
1972
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Point Hope
Kotzebue
Environmental health
Botulism, type E
Culture survey
Zoonosis
Alaska
Animals
Botulinum Toxins - analysis
Botulism - etiology
Clostridium botulinum - growth & development - isolation & purification
Culture Media
Disease Outbreaks
Food Contamination
Humans
Inuits
Mice
Soil Microbiology
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1848.
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Environmental stresses on human behavior. Summary and suggestions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1409
Source
Archives of Environmental Health. 1968 Oct; 17(4):578-585
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1968
not merely by the exercise, but by the satisfaction of doing something for himseH, on his own initiative (alterna- Arch Environ Health-Vol 17, Oct 1968 ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES-LANTIS 579 tively, he might be warmed by anger at hav- ing to chop wood) . Let us review the types of stress and the
  1 document  
Author
Lantis, M
Author Affiliation
University of Kentucky
Source
Archives of Environmental Health. 1968 Oct; 17(4):578-585
Date
Oct-1968
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Acculturation
Environmental health
Mental health
Stress, Psychological
Acclimatization
Social Isolation
Social Conformity
Self Concept
Religion and Psychology
Personality Disorders - epidemiology
Adaptation, Psychological
Disease Outbreaks
Humans
Inuits
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Arctic Regions Cold Climate Communication Culture
Cold Climate
Communication
Culture
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 791.
Papers presented at the Symposium on Circumpolar Health Related Problems, Fairbanks, Alaska, July 23-28, 1967.
PubMed ID
5682265 View in PubMed
Documents

67-23-Environmental-Stresses-on-Human-Behavior.pdf

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Some demographic, social and economic factors of the polar regions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1418
Source
Pages 9-49 in World Health Organization. Medicine and public health in the Arctic and Antarctic. Selected papers from a Conference, Geneva. Public Health Papers 18.
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
1963
Author
Lantis, M.
Anderson, R.J.
Author Affiliation
U.S. Indian Health Service
Source
Pages 9-49 in World Health Organization. Medicine and public health in the Arctic and Antarctic. Selected papers from a Conference, Geneva. Public Health Papers 18.
Date
1963
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Health status
Housing
Vital statistics
Transportation
Cold Climate
Environmental health
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 434.
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[Cholesterol exchange in children and adolescents in the industrial towns of eastern Siberia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101804
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):20-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Budarina
I V Kudaeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):20-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Child
Child, Preschool
Cholesterol - blood
Cities - epidemiology
Environmental health
Female
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - blood - epidemiology
Industry
Male
Retrospective Studies
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine lipid metabolic parameters in 5-14-year-old children. A directional trend was established in lipid parameters (a reduction in the level of total cholesterol and a change in its fractional composition: higher levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with a parallel decrease in the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), which is due to age-related features. There was a change in the spread of deviations in cholesterol exchange parameters from the standard values with age.
PubMed ID
21384577 View in PubMed
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[Morbidity among senior preschool children in Magnitogorsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131474
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):34-40
Publication Type
Article
Author
T B Legostaeva
F I Ingel'
N A Antipanova
V V Iurchenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):34-40
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child Welfare - trends
Child, Preschool
Disease - classification - etiology
Environmental health
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Metallurgy
Morbidity
Retrospective Studies
Siberia
Urban Population
Abstract
The publication is the third fragment of the multiparameter study. The level and causes of genome instability and sensitivity are assessed in children living in Magnitogorsk, a city with one of the largest mills in Russia. The city is in the list of the world's 35 most polluted ones. A transverse retrospective analysis found no differences in primary morbidity among 5-7-year-old children who had been living in different districts of Magnitogorsk since birth and were going to municipal kindergartens located adjacent to their house. Contrary to the expectations, the prevalence of morbidity and diseases that were markers for an industrial town was significantly lower among the children residing in the settlements situated around the mills than that in the city's other districts. There were 9 organic compounds that had no hygienic standards, the content of which in the snow samples collected in the areas of the examined kindergartens correlated with the prevalence of the children's morbidity. Family social and living conditions were shown to affect the children's morbidity.
PubMed ID
21901884 View in PubMed
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Source
New Solut. 2009;19(2):201-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Hoffa James P
Author Affiliation
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, USA.
Source
New Solut. 2009;19(2):201-4
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental health
Humans
International Cooperation
Labor Unions - organization & administration
Politics
United States
Abstract
There's tremendous excitement across the land about good jobs and a clean environment. We teamsters have found that working together makes things happen. We have found a partnership with the Sierra Club and Public Citizen. We no longer support drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. We'll pass the Employee Free Choice Act, too. Working together as partners, labor and environmentalists, and under this President, we can accomplish great things for working people and for the environment.
PubMed ID
19608515 View in PubMed
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[Implementation of new knowledge in times of climate change?]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95343
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3203-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Ringsted Charlotte
Author Affiliation
Københavns Universitet og Region Hovedstaden, Center for Klinisk Uddannelse, Rigshospitalet, DK-2100 København Ø, Denmark. charlotte.ringsted@rh.regionh.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3203-6
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Diffusion of Innovation
Education, Medical, Continuing
Environmental health
Humans
Information Dissemination
Knowledge
Professional Competence
Public Health
Risk factors
Abstract
Climate change is the primary threat to public health in the 21st century. There is a huge need for creation of new knowledge on how most effectively and efficiently to respond to the negative effects on health. Participatory research and development projects may be essential in creation and dissemination of new knowledge. Theoretically underpinned interventions and implementation strategies are necessary to ensure that knowledge is translated into action. Universities and health care organisations have a central role in preparing future health professionals by giving them the skills and knowledge needed.
PubMed ID
19857404 View in PubMed
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[Climate chance and research activity]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95344
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3200-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Manuel Celie
Author Affiliation
Københavns Universitet, Institut for Folkesundhedsvidenskab, København Ø, Denmark. celie24@gmail.com
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3200-3
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biomedical research
Climate
Environmental health
Greenhouse Effect
Health promotion
Humans
Risk factors
World Health
Abstract
There are three main focus areas relevant to health in research related to climate change: 1) disentangling of the complex associations between climate-sensitive risk factors and health 2) guidance as to where, when and how effective health adaptation strategies may be implemented for maximum effect, and 3) health impact assessment (with a focus on health co-benefits) of climate-related policies in other sectors. Further development in each of these areas will provide important opportunities for strengthening health promotion and protection.
PubMed ID
19857403 View in PubMed
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Ontario Medical Association position paper on health effects of ground-level ozone, acid aerosols and particulate matter.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203809
Source
Can Respir J. 1998 Sep-Oct;5(5):367-84
Publication Type
Article
Author
B T Boadway
J. MacPhail
C. Jacobson
Author Affiliation
Ontario Medical Association, Toronto, Canada. ted_boadway@oma.org
Source
Can Respir J. 1998 Sep-Oct;5(5):367-84
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aerosols - adverse effects
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Air Pollution - adverse effects
Environmental health
Humans
Ontario
Oxidants, Photochemical - adverse effects
Ozone - adverse effects
Societies, Medical
Abstract
This review of the evidence of the health effects of air pollutants focuses on research conducted in Ontario. Seven key Ontario studies are cited. These findings are highly significant for people living in the Great Lakes basin (and particularly the Windsor-Quebec corridor), where high levels of certain air pollutants (eg, ground-level ozone and ultra-fine particles) occur more frequently than in other parts of Canada. The issue is a serious one, requiring an integrated and comprehensive approach by many stakeholders, including the active involvement of organized medicine. It is important that the health effects of these air pollutants are understood. Governments must act to reduce emission levels through statue and regulation bolstered by noncompliance penalties. The findings of research have included the following: in a Toronto study, a 2% to 4% excess of respiratory deaths were attributable to pollutant levels; children living in rural Ontario communities with the highest levels of airborne acids were significantly more likely to report at least one episode of bronchitis, as well as to show decreases in lung function; and have been linked to increases in pollutants, emergency room visits and hospitalizations in Ontario. Every Ontarian is affected by air pollutants, although he or she may be unaware of the asymptomatic effects such as lung and bronchial inflammation. This health problem is preventable; while physicians know of the adverse health impacts of air pollution and they are concerned, individually they now focus on the treatment of symptoms. The major recommendations of the report are as follows: Enactment of more stringent sulphur and nitrogen oxide emission limits, including a provincewide sulphur dioxide reduction of 75% from current cap levels, and the maximum allowable nitrogen oxides emission limits of 6000 tonnes annually from Ontario Hydro. New transportation sector emission limits that should include California-level standards for light and heavy duty vehicles, reductions from off-road engines, an expanded vehicle inspection and maintenance program, and tougher standards for sulphur-in-fuel content. Petitioning the United States Environmental Protection Agency administrator under Section 115 of the United States Clear Air Act to require reductions in the American emission of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, which damage the health of Canadian residents and their environment. Physician advice to patients about the risks of smog exposure, physician support for more health effects research on air pollution, and physician promotion of the development of air pollution-related health education materials. The recommendations discussed in this paper will, if acted upon, lead to a significant reduction in the overall burden of illness from air pollutants, especially in children and the elderly. These recommendations have been selected from a review of recommendations made by various authorities, and are those that the OMA feels a particular responsibility to support.
PubMed ID
9832604 View in PubMed
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Source
Can Fam Physician. 1998 Sep;44:1775-7, 1787-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1998
Author
W. Bell
A. Yassi
D C Cole
Source
Can Fam Physician. 1998 Sep;44:1775-7, 1787-90
Date
Sep-1998
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accident prevention
Accidents - statistics & numerical data
Adult
Canada
Environmental health
Family Practice
Humans
Lobbying
Male
Physician's Role
Ships
Abstract
On Saturday, August 24, 1996, a 40-year-old man from Edmonton was riding a personal motorized watercraft (PMW, a Seadoo or Jet Ski type of machine) on Shuswap Lake, in south-central British Columbia. He was approximately 200 m offshore. The man motioned to his sister, who was riding another PMW, to follow him across the lake. She did so, but as the turned her head to check for other boat traffic, her brother suddenly slowed down and her machine rode right up on his back, crushing him against his handlebars. His sister, a nurse, held her brother's head above water until help arrived but, 48 minutes after the moment of impact, he was pronounced dead at the Shuswap Lake General Hospital. He had suffered a ruptured aorta.
Notes
Cites: J Pediatr Surg. 1993 Jul;28(7):920-28229569
Cites: Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Nov;78(5 Pt 2):986-81923248
Cites: Mo Med. 1994 May;91(5):241-38041353
Cites: JAMA. 1989 Apr 7;261(13):18832926925
Comment In: Can Fam Physician. 1999 Jan;45:26-7, 2910889847
PubMed ID
9789655 View in PubMed
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Source
CMAJ. 2003 May 27;168(11):1427-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-27-2003
Author
Howard Shapiro
Sandra Micucci
Author Affiliation
Peel Health, Brampton, Ont.
Source
CMAJ. 2003 May 27;168(11):1427-30
Date
May-27-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Bird Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Culicidae - physiology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental health
Health education
Humans
Insect Vectors - physiology
Insecticides - adverse effects
Life Cycle Stages
Malathion - adverse effects
Methoprene - adverse effects
Mosquito Control - methods
Ontario - epidemiology
Population Surveillance
Protective Clothing
Risk assessment
West Nile Fever - epidemiology - prevention & control - veterinary
Notes
Cites: J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1999 Dec;15(4):446-5210612606
Cites: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001 Dec;951:235-5411797780
Cites: J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1996 Mar;12(1):144-68723274
Cites: J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1987 Jun;3(2):125-303504901
Cites: J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1995 Mar;11(1):72-67616194
Cites: Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1967 Dec;57(12):2111-66070250
PubMed ID
12771072 View in PubMed
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[Challenges in public health for the new century].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature185508
Source
P R Health Sci J. 2003 Mar;22(1):11-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2003
Author
Annette B Ramírez de Arellano
Source
P R Health Sci J. 2003 Mar;22(1):11-7
Date
Mar-2003
Language
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Causality
Culture
Disease - etiology
Environmental health
Forecasting
Health education
Health Policy
Health Promotion - trends
Health Services Accessibility
Humans
Infection Control
Life Style
Public Health - trends
Risk factors
United States
Abstract
The history of public health has followed different trends, depending on the prevailing theories of disease causality and the interventions that these suggest. From the concern with miasmas to the germ theory, to the stress on lifestyles and the current interest on the linkages between health, economic welfare, and social status, the proposed policies are contingent on how health and disease are conceptualized and explained. Ironically, now that there is increasing evidence on the socio-economic determinants of health, interventions continue to focus on specific target groups or disease categories, as well as on the medical sector.
PubMed ID
12733437 View in PubMed
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[The 7th Congress of Public Health Physicians of Russia: new and old problems].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature224089
Source
Gig Sanit. 1992 Apr;(4):63-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1992

National strategies for health promotion.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature236809
Source
Can J Public Health. 1986 Jul-Aug;77(4):243-52
Publication Type
Article
Author
J. Epp
Source
Can J Public Health. 1986 Jul-Aug;77(4):243-52
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Environmental health
Health Policy
Health promotion
Humans
Primary Prevention
Quality of Life
PubMed ID
3756739 View in PubMed
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Future challenges to health and public health services in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144483
Source
Can J Public Health. 2010 Jan-Feb;101(1):5-8, 19
Publication Type
Article
Author
John Last
Source
Can J Public Health. 2010 Jan-Feb;101(1):5-8, 19
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Climate change
Environmental health
Health planning
Health Services - trends
Humans
International Cooperation
Public Health - trends
Public Health Practice
Notes
Comment In: Can J Public Health. 2010 May-Jun;101(3):262; author reply 26220737823
PubMed ID
20364528 View in PubMed
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695 records – page 1 of 35.