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[On the measures for environmental and health safety in the development and implementation of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134791
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
G G Onishchenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Nanostructures - adverse effects - analysis
Nanotechnology
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
Nanotechnologies find wide application in industry and medicine. The Russian market of nanotechnologies is at the very beginning of development. Rospotrebnadzor has amassed a wealth of experience in the creation of efficacious systems for estimation and sanitary-epidemiological control of the safety of goods and foodstuffs. The assessment of the safety of nanoparticles and nanomaterials has been carried out since 2007. In 2008-2009, a survey was initiated with a view to developing safety criteria for nanoproducts, nanomaterials, and nanotechnologies. In 2010, research institutions of Rospotrebnadzor were engaged in investigations aimed to develop relevant regulatory and procedural documentation. Studies are underway to work out new highly sensitive methods for the detection, identification and qualitative determination of nanomaterials in the environment, food-staffs, and biological media.
PubMed ID
21542372 View in PubMed
Less detail

Farm children's exposure to herbicides: comparison of biomonitoring and questionnaire data.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180236
Source
Epidemiology. 2004 Mar;15(2):187-94
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2004
Author
Tye E Arbuckle
Donald C Cole
Len Ritter
Brian D Ripley
Author Affiliation
Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Population and Public Health Branch, Health Canada, Ontario K1A 0K9, Canada. Tye_Arbuckle@hc-sc.gc.ca
Source
Epidemiology. 2004 Mar;15(2):187-94
Date
Mar-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid - urine
2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid - urine
Adolescent
Adult
Agriculture
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Herbicides - urine
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Ontario
Questionnaires
Abstract
Pesticide exposure has been associated with various childhood cancers. However, most studies rely on questionnaires, with few using biologic measures of dose. This study was designed to measure herbicide exposure directly in children of farm applicators, and to compare these results with exposure imputed from questionnaire information.
Two consecutive 24-hour urine samples were collected from 92 children of Ontario farm applicators who used the herbicides 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) or MCPA (4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid) for the first time during 1996. The farm applicator completed questionnaires describing his pesticide-handling practices as well as the child's location during the various stages of handling these pesticides.
Approximately 30% of the children on farms using these herbicides had detectable concentrations in their urine, with maximum values of 100 microg/L for 2,4-D and 45 microg/L for MCPA. Children with higher levels were more likely to be boys and to have parents who also had higher mean urinary concentrations. The sensitivity and specificity of a simple indicator of use were 47% and 72%, respectively, for 2,4-D, and 91% and 30%, respectively, for MCPA, using the biomonitoring data as the gold standard.
Information on living on a farm, or on living on a farm where a specific pesticide is used, is not enough to classify children's exposures. Given this potential for misclassification, we urge incorporation of biomonitoring studies in subsets of children at least to estimate the extent of misclassification.
PubMed ID
15127911 View in PubMed
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[Climate change and hygienic assessment of weather conditions in Omsk and the Omsk Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101808
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):18-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
Zh V Gudinova
I S Akimova
A V Klochikhina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):18-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Hygiene
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Siberia
Weather
Abstract
The paper deals with trends in climate change in the Omsk Region: the increases in average annual air temperatures and rainfall, which are attended by the higher number of abnormal weather events, as shown by the data of the Omsk Regional Board, Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring. There is information on weather severity in 2008: there was mild weather in spring and severe weather in winter, in January in particular. A survey of physicians has revealed that medical workers are concerned about climate problems and global warming and ascertained weather events mostly affecting the population's health. People worry most frequently about a drastic temperature drop or rise (as high as 71%), atmospheric pressure change (53%), and "when it is too hot in summer (47%).
PubMed ID
21381358 View in PubMed
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Urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as a biomarker of exposure to PAHs in air: a pilot study among pregnant women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131325
Source
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2012 Jan-Feb;22(1):70-81
Publication Type
Article
Author
Elizabeth Nethery
Amanda J Wheeler
Mandy Fisher
Andreas Sjödin
Zheng Li
Lovisa C Romanoff
Warren Foster
Tye E Arbuckle
Author Affiliation
Air Health Science Division, Health Canada, 269 Laurier Avenue West, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Source
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2012 Jan-Feb;22(1):70-81
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Pollutants - analysis - metabolism - urine
Air Pollution - analysis - statistics & numerical data
Air Pollution, Indoor - analysis - statistics & numerical data
Biological Markers - metabolism - urine
Diet Records
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Food Contamination
Humans
Linear Models
Maternal Exposure - statistics & numerical data
Models, Biological
Ontario
Pilot Projects
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic - analysis - metabolism - urine
Pregnancy
Abstract
Recent studies have linked increased polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in air and adverse fetal health outcomes. Urinary PAH metabolites are of interest for exposure assessment if they can predict PAHs in air. We investigated exposure to PAHs by collecting air and urine samples among pregnant women pre-selected as living in "high" (downtown and close to steel mills, n=9) and "low" (suburban, n=10) exposure areas. We analyzed first-morning urine voids from all 3 trimesters of pregnancy for urinary PAH metabolites and compared these to personal air PAH/PM(2.5)/NO(2)/NO(X) samples collected in the 3rd trimester. We also evaluated activities and home characteristics, geographic indicators and outdoor central site PM(2.5)/NO(2)/NO(X) (all trimesters). Personal air exposures to the lighter molecular weight (MW) PAHs were linked to indoor sources (candles and incense), whereas the heavier PAHs were related to outdoor sources. Geometric means of all personal air measurements were higher in the "high" exposure group. We suggest that centrally monitored heavier MW PAHs could be used to predict personal exposures for heavier PAHs only. Urine metabolites were only directly correlated with their parent air PAHs for phenanthrene (Pearson's r=0.31-0.45) and fluorene (r=0.37-0.58). Predictive models suggest that specific metabolites (3-hydroyxyfluorene and 3-hydroxyphenanthrene) may be related to their parent air PAH exposures. The metabolite 2-hydroxynaphthalene was linked to smoking and the metabolite 1-hydroxypyrene was linked to dietary exposures. For researchers interested in predicting exposure to airborne lighter MW PAHs using urinary PAH metabolites, we propose that hydroxyfluorene and hydroxyphenanthrene metabolites be considered.
PubMed ID
21915154 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Morbidity among senior preschool children in Magnitogorsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131474
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):34-40
Publication Type
Article
Author
T B Legostaeva
F I Ingel'
N A Antipanova
V V Iurchenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):34-40
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child Welfare - trends
Child, Preschool
Disease - classification - etiology
Environmental health
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Metallurgy
Morbidity
Retrospective Studies
Siberia
Urban Population
Abstract
The publication is the third fragment of the multiparameter study. The level and causes of genome instability and sensitivity are assessed in children living in Magnitogorsk, a city with one of the largest mills in Russia. The city is in the list of the world's 35 most polluted ones. A transverse retrospective analysis found no differences in primary morbidity among 5-7-year-old children who had been living in different districts of Magnitogorsk since birth and were going to municipal kindergartens located adjacent to their house. Contrary to the expectations, the prevalence of morbidity and diseases that were markers for an industrial town was significantly lower among the children residing in the settlements situated around the mills than that in the city's other districts. There were 9 organic compounds that had no hygienic standards, the content of which in the snow samples collected in the areas of the examined kindergartens correlated with the prevalence of the children's morbidity. Family social and living conditions were shown to affect the children's morbidity.
PubMed ID
21901884 View in PubMed
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[The specific features of microbiocenoses in children living under conditions of anthropogenic pressing].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131518
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):22-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
E B Rakova
S M Popkova
U M Nemchenko
N V Efimova
I V Myl'nikova
N A Taranenko
E L Kichigina
Iu P Dzhioev
E A Kungurtseva
E G Lamskov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):22-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Bifidobacterium - isolation & purification
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Industry
Intestinal Mucosa - microbiology
Laryngeal Mucosa - microbiology
Nasal Mucosa - microbiology
Siberia
Abstract
The specific features of enteric and nasopharyngeal microbiocenoses and the species composition of bifidobacteria have been studied in children living in the industrial towns of the Irkutsk Region under the existing anthropogenic load. Ambient air pollution is characterized and a presumptive human health risk assessed.
PubMed ID
21899096 View in PubMed
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Childhood tuberculosis and exposure to indoor air pollution: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269091
Source
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 May;19(5):596-602
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2015
Author
N. Jafta
P M Jeena
L. Barregard
R N Naidoo
Source
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 May;19(5):596-602
Date
May-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution, Indoor - adverse effects
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child health
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Humans
Inhalation Exposure - adverse effects
Male
Needs Assessment
Pediatrics
Risk assessment
Sweden
Tobacco Smoke Pollution - adverse effects
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology - etiology - physiopathology
Abstract
Indoor air pollution (IAP) from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and biomass fuel smoke (BMS) poses respiratory health risks, with children and women bearing the major burden.
We used a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the relation between childhood tuberculosis (TB) and exposure to ETS and BMS.
We searched three databases for epidemiological studies that investigated the association of childhood TB with exposure to ETS and BMS. We calculated pooled estimates and heterogeneity for studies eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis and stratified studies on ETS by outcome.
Five case-control and three cross-sectional studies were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis and quality assessment. Pooled effect estimates showed that exposure to ETS is associated with tuberculous infection and TB disease (OR 1.9, 95%CI 1.4-2.9) among exposed compared to non-exposed children. TB disease in ETS studies produced a pooled OR of 2.8 (95%CI 0.9-4.8), which was higher than the OR for tuberculous infection (OR 1.9, 95%CI 0.9-2.9) for children exposed to ETS compared to non-exposed children. Studies on BMS exposure were too few and too small to permit a conclusion.
Exposure to ETS increases the risk of childhood TB disease or tuberculous infection.
PubMed ID
25868030 View in PubMed
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Does intake of trace elements through urban gardening in Copenhagen pose a risk to human health?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269419
Source
Environ Pollut. 2015 Jul;202:17-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2015
Author
Marlies Warming
Mette G Hansen
Peter E Holm
Jakob Magid
Thomas H Hansen
Stefan Trapp
Source
Environ Pollut. 2015 Jul;202:17-23
Date
Jul-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Crops, Agricultural - chemistry
Denmark
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Gardening - methods
Humans
Metals, Heavy - analysis
Risk assessment
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Trace Elements - analysis
Urbanization
Abstract
This study investigates the potential health risk from urban gardening. The concentrations of the trace elements arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) in five common garden crops from three garden sites in Copenhagen were measured. Concentrations (mg/kg dw) of As were 0.002-0.21, Cd 0.03-0.25, Cr 
PubMed ID
25796073 View in PubMed
Less detail

Residential outdoor air pollution and lung function in schoolchildren.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature87597
Source
Epidemiology. 2008 Jan;19(1):129-37
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2008
Author
Oftedal Bente
Brunekreef Bert
Nystad Wenche
Madsen Christian
Walker Sam-Erik
Nafstad Per
Author Affiliation
Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. bente.oftedal@fhi.no
Source
Epidemiology. 2008 Jan;19(1):129-37
Date
Jan-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis - toxicity
Child
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Lung - physiopathology
Male
Nitrogen Dioxide - analysis - toxicity
Norway - epidemiology
Residence Characteristics
Respiration
Sex Factors
Spirometry
Vehicle Emissions
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution has typically been estimated on the aggregate level, and more individual measures of exposure are needed. We investigated the associations with lung function of residential outdoor air pollution in early life, total lifetime, and days before lung function test. METHODS: In 2001-2002, spirometry was performed in 2307 9- and 10-year-old children who had lived in Oslo, Norway, since birth. Outdoor air pollution exposure for each child was assessed by the EPISODE dispersion model, calculating hourly concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 microm (PM10) and 2.5 microm (PM2.5). We applied linear regression analysis stratified by sex. RESULTS: Early and lifetime exposures to outdoor air pollution were associated with reduced peak expiratory flow and reduced forced expiratory flow at 25% and 50% of forced vital capacity, especially in girls. One interquartile increase of lifetime exposure to NO2, PM10, and PM2.5 was associated with change in adjusted peak respiratory flow of, respectively, -79 mL/s (95% confidence interval = -128 to -31), -66 mL/s (-110 to -23), and -58 mL/s (-94 to -21). We also found short-term effects of NO2 that became stronger with increasing time lags, but no short-term effects of PM. When we included short- and long-term NO2 exposures simultaneously, only the long-term effect remained. We found no effect on forced volumes. Adjusting for a contextual socioeconomic factor diminished the associations. CONCLUSIONS: Short- and long-term residential exposures to traffic-related pollutants in Oslo were associated with reduced peak expiratory flow and forced expiratory flow at 25% and 50% in 9- to 10-year-old children, especially in girls, with weaker associations after adjusting for a contextual socioeconomic factor.
PubMed ID
18091005 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cadmium in food production systems: a health risk for sensitive population groups.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70605
Source
Ambio. 2005 Jun;34(4-5):344-51
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2005
Author
Ing-Marie Olsson
Jan Eriksson
Ingrid Oborn
Staffan Skerfving
Agneta Oskarsson
Author Affiliation
National Board of Health and Welfare, Division of Envirnomental Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden. ing-marie.olsson@sos.se
Source
Ambio. 2005 Jun;34(4-5):344-51
Date
Jun-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agriculture - methods
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency - prevention & control
Animals
Cadmium - analysis
Cattle
Crops, Agricultural
Environmental Exposure - prevention & control
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Food chain
Food Contamination - prevention & control
Humans
Kidney Failure - prevention & control
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Rats
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Sweden
Swine
Abstract
This paper gives an overview of the cadmium (Cd) situation in agricultural systems and human exposure in Sweden. Cadmium levels in agricultural soils (the plow layer) increase by 0.03% to 0.05% per year. Feed can give substantial contributions of Cd to local agricultural systems. Effects on human kidney function are indicated by some measurements already at today's exposure levels. If food products reach the maximum permissible levels given by the European Union, 10% to 25% of the Swedish population will be exposed to Cd levels above the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI 7 microg Cd kg(-1) body weight). Sensitive groups in the population are individuals with low iron status (mainly women) and kidney disorders. Recent studies indicate that Cd plays a role in osteoporosis and that further research is needed to clarify if Cd is neurotoxic in early developmental stages. Firm actions have to be taken in order to stop a further increase of Cd in agricultural soils. Suggestions for prevention and measures are given in this paper.
PubMed ID
16092267 View in PubMed
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[Microbiological monitoring of urban soils state ].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144355
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Medvedeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Russia
Soil Microbiology - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
A comprehensive study of the state of urban soils revealed the altered structural and functional organization of microbiocenosis versus that of the soils of intact forest ecosystems. The indicator microbial and biochemical parameters of the state of the soils under urban technological pressure were identified. The findings may be used to evaluate the natural environment, to make an urban environmental monitoring.
PubMed ID
20376936 View in PubMed
Less detail

[System monitoring health state of individuals suffering from occupational diseases in the Rostov region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186081
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2003;(1):6-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
I N Piktushanskaia
S A Popov
A I Shabalkin
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2003;(1):6-8
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Epidemiological Monitoring
Health status
Humans
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The authors describe experience associated with creation of automated system registering patients with occupational diseases, monitoring health state of patients with occupational diseases, specifying thorough analysis of occupational morbidity.
PubMed ID
12666619 View in PubMed
Less detail

Syndromic surveillance to assess the potential public health impact of the Icelandic volcanic ash plume across the United Kingdom, April 2010.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100576
Source
Euro Surveill. 2010;15(23)
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
A J Elliot
N. Singh
P. Loveridge
S. Harcourt
S. Smith
R. Pnaiser
K. Kavanagh
C. Robertson
C N Ramsay
J. McMenamin
A. Kibble
V. Murray
S. Ibbotson
M. Catchpole
B. McCloskey
G E Smith
Author Affiliation
Real-time Syndromic Surveillance Team, Health Protection Agency, Birmingham, United Kingdom. alex.elliot@hpa.org.uk
Source
Euro Surveill. 2010;15(23)
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Disaster Planning - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Great Britain - epidemiology
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Population Surveillance - methods
Public Health - methods
Respiration Disorders - epidemiology - etiology
Volcanic Eruptions - adverse effects
Abstract
The Health Protection Agency and Health Protection Scotland used existing syndromic surveillance systems to monitor community health in the UK following the volcanic eruption in Iceland in April 2010.
PubMed ID
20546694 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Topical issues of biological safety under current conditions. Part 3. Scientific provision for the national regulation of the biological safety framework in its broad interpretation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263903
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):118-27
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
G G Onishchenko
V Yu Smolensky
E B Ezhlova
Yu V Demina
V P Toporkov
A V Toporkov
M N Lyapin
V V Kutyrev
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):118-27
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biological Warfare
Civil Defense - methods - organization & administration
Disaster Planning - methods - organization & administration
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Government Programs
Humans
Public Policy
Russia
Safety
Toxins, Biological
Abstract
Consequent of investigation concerned with biological safety (BS) framework development in its broad interpretation, reflected in the Russian Federation State Acts, identified have been conceptual entity parameters of the up-to-date broad interpretation of BS, which have formed a part of the developed by the authors system for surveillance (prophylaxis, localization, indication, identification, and diagnostics) and control (prophylaxis, localization, and response/elimination) over the emergency situations of biological (sanitary-epidemiological) character. The System functionality is activated through supplying the content with information data which are concerned with monitoring and control of specific internal and external threats in the sphere of BS provision fixed in the Supplement 2 of the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005), and with the previously characterized nomenclature of hazardous biological factors. The system is designed as a network-based research-and-practice tool for evaluation of the situation in the sphere of BS provision, as well as assessment of efficacy of management decision making as regards BS control and proper State policy implementation. Most of the system elements either directly or indirectly relate to the scope of activities conducted by Federal Service for Surveillance in the Sphere of Consumers Rights Protection and Human Welfare, being substantial argument for allocating coordination functions in the sphere of BS provision to this government agency and consistent with its function as the State Coordinator on IHR (2005). The data collected serve as materials to Draft Federal Law "Concerning biological safety provision of the population".
PubMed ID
25971137 View in PubMed
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[Methodological aspects of the assessment of phytotoxicic properties of ice-melter reagents].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290147
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):773-8
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
A V Sbitnev
M A Vodianova
I A Kriatov
L G Donerian
I S Evseeva
O V Ushakova
D I Ushakov
I S Matveeva
O M Rodionova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):773-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Freezing
Humans
Ice
Plants - drug effects
Russia
Snow
Sodium Chloride - chemistry - toxicity
Soil Pollutants - chemistry - toxicity
Solvents - chemistry
Toxicological Phenomena
Transportation
Abstract
One of the main criteria which determine the possibility of the use of a particular type of ice-melter reagents (IMR) is the degree of their safety for the environment and human health, which is reflected in the establishment of safe doses and concentrations. In this regard, the current area of research is to improve the ecological and epidemiological principles of risk assessment of modern types of anti-icing agents. Currently available data concerning monitoring soil studies and the snow held in various cities of Russia, show that there is a process of accumulation of the main components of IMR - sodium and chlorine ions in the areas related to the roadway. The article is designated a problem of existing methodological approaches to the assessment of the phytotoxic impact in the investigation of anti-icing agents in the laboratory. There was executed the comparative characteristics of the results of the preliminary pilot studies on the phytotoxic properties of IMR under using different substrates for germination of seeds - soil and filter paper. The data obtained are characterized by differences in the degree of phytotoxic action of the same species depending upon ice-melter reagents methodical setting circuit laboratory experiment. As a result, there was shown the imperfection of the existing method of rapid analysis in relation to ice-melter materials (IMM).
PubMed ID
29430905 View in PubMed
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[Hygienic environmental assessment in the oil-and-gas bearing area on the base of cytogenetical and molecular-genetic methods].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290340
Source
Gig Sanit. 2017; 96(2):121-4
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
N N Ilyinskikh
E N Ilyinskikh
I N Ilyinskikh
A E Yankovskaya
S A Saushkin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2017; 96(2):121-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Cytogenetic Analysis - methods - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Exposure - analysis - prevention & control
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Humans
Micronucleus Tests - methods - statistics & numerical data
Mouth Mucosa - pathology
Oil and Gas Industry - standards - statistics & numerical data
Public Health - methods
Siberia - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
The study have been conducted in settlements located near oilfields of the Nizhnevartovsk area, the Khanty-Mansi autonomous district (Russian Federation). There were examined 802 persons aged of from 18 to 56 years not proximately employed in processes of the oil extraction. Control group was consisted of329 residents of the north of Tomsk Region living in the area without any polluting environment industry. By using such methods of analysis as micronucleus test in human buccal cells, the xenobiotic biotransformation of both GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphism, as well as the assessment of oil contamination of local drinking water there was executed the hygienic assessment of ecology in the settlements located near oil fields. The elevated rate of cytogenetic disorders was established to be observed most of all in the residents of this region, as well as in persons recently moved to this area. Most significant deviations from the control according to the micronucleus test were detected in individuals with the GSTM1 (0) /GSTT1(0) genotype. In the control group no such consistent pattern was seen.
PubMed ID
29446592 View in PubMed
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Presence of bisphenol S and surfactants in the sediments of Kongsfjorden: a negative impact of human activities in Arctic?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290662
Source
Environ Monit Assess. 2017 Dec 14; 190(1):22
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Dec-14-2017
Author
K K Nejumal
D Dineep
Mahesh Mohan
K P Krishnan
U K Aravind
C T Aravindakumar
Author Affiliation
School of Environmental Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, 686560, India.
Source
Environ Monit Assess. 2017 Dec 14; 190(1):22
Date
Dec-14-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Arctic Regions
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental pollution - analysis
Geologic Sediments - chemistry
Human Activities
Humans
Mass Spectrometry
Phenols - analysis
Sulfones - analysis
Surface-Active Agents - analysis
Abstract
Pollution and fate of pollutants in polar region are important topics of investigation in the last several decades. We have analysed sediment samples from Kongsfjorden and Krossfjorden, two sites from Arctic region, and detected a number of emerging contaminants (ECs) using high-resolution mass spectrometry connected to UPLC (LC-Q-ToF-MS). Out of the seven sampling sites selected, bisphenol S (BPS), an identified pollutant and plasticiser, was detected and quantified in three sediment samples from Kongsfjorden (˜?0.2 ppm). Four major surfactants (decylbenzenesulphonic acid, undecylbenzenesulphonic acid, 2-dodecylbenzenesulphonic acid and tridecylbenzenesulphonic acid) were also identified. A possible metabolite of BPS (sulphur trioxide derivative of BPS) was identified in one of the samples. It is proposed that the presence of ECs is the result of human activities in the region for a long time. To the best our knowledge, this is the first report on the identification of BPS and surfactants in the Arctic region.
Notes
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PubMed ID
29243078 View in PubMed
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Assessing PCB pollution in the Baltic Sea - An equilibrium partitioning based study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290670
Source
Chemosphere. 2018 Jan; 191:886-894
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Jan-2018
Author
Susann-Cathrin Lang
Philipp Mayer
Andrew Hursthouse
Danijela Kötke
Ines Hand
Detlef Schulz-Bull
Gesine Witt
Author Affiliation
University of Applied Sciences Hamburg, Department of Environmental Engineering, Ulmenliet 20, 21033 Hamburg, Germany; Institute of Biomedical and Environmental Health Research, School of Science & Sport, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley Campus, Paisley PA 1 2BE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: susann-cathrin.lang@agilent.com.
Source
Chemosphere. 2018 Jan; 191:886-894
Date
Jan-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental pollution - analysis
Finland
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Geologic Sediments - chemistry
Organic Chemicals - analysis
Polychlorinated biphenyls - analysis
Seawater - chemistry
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
Sediment cores and bottom water samples from across the Baltic Sea region were analyzed for freely dissolved concentrations (Cfree), total sediment concentrations (CT) and the dissolved aqueous fraction in water of seven indicator PCBs. Ex-situ equilibrium sampling of sediment samples was conducted with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coated glass fibers that were analyzed by automated thermal desorption GC-MS, which yielded PCB concentrations in the fiber coating (CPDMS). Measurements of CPDMS and CT were then applied to determine (i) spatially resolved freely dissolved PCB concentrations; (ii) baseline toxicity potential based on chemical activities (a); (iii) site specific mixture compositions; (iv) diffusion gradients at the sediment water interface and within the sediment cores; and (vi) site specific distribution ratios (KD). The contamination levels were low in the Gulf of Finland and moderate to elevated in the Baltic Proper, with the highest levels observed in the western Baltic Sea. The SPME method has been demonstrated to be an appropriate and sensitive tool for area surveys presenting new opportunities to study the in-situ distribution and thermodynamics of hydrophobic organic chemicals at trace levels in marine environments.
PubMed ID
29107230 View in PubMed
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Caffeine in wastewater is a tracer for human fecal contamination.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature126536
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar;120(3):A108-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2012
Author
Carol Potera
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar;120(3):A108-9
Date
Mar-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Caffeine - analysis - isolation & purification
Carbamazepine - analysis - isolation & purification
Enterobacteriaceae - isolation & purification - physiology
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Feces - chemistry - microbiology
Humans
Quebec
Water - chemistry
Water Microbiology
Water Pollution
Notes
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PubMed ID
22382130 View in PubMed
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387 records – page 1 of 20.