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Distance to high-voltage power lines and risk of childhood leukemia--an analysis of confounding by and interaction with other potential risk factors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263553
Source
PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e107096
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Camilla Pedersen
Elvira V Bräuner
Naja H Rod
Vanna Albieri
Claus E Andersen
Kaare Ulbak
Ole Hertel
Christoffer Johansen
Joachim Schüz
Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
Source
PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e107096
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Air Pollution - adverse effects
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child, Preschool
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Denmark - epidemiology
Electric Wiring - adverse effects
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Infant
Leukemia - epidemiology - etiology
Odds Ratio
Radon - adverse effects
Registries
Residence Characteristics
Risk
Risk factors
Abstract
We investigated whether there is an interaction between distance from residence at birth to nearest power line and domestic radon and traffic-related air pollution, respectively, in relation to childhood leukemia risk. Further, we investigated whether adjusting for potential confounders alters the association between distance to nearest power line and childhood leukemia. We included 1024 cases aged
Notes
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PubMed ID
25259740 View in PubMed
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Review of environmental exposure concentrations of chemical warfare agent residues and associated the fish community risk following the construction and completion of the Nord Stream gas pipeline between Russia and Germany.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263584
Source
J Hazard Mater. 2014 Aug 30;279:518-26
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-30-2014
Author
Hans Sanderson
Patrik Fauser
Malene Rahbek
Jørn Bo Larsen
Source
J Hazard Mater. 2014 Aug 30;279:518-26
Date
Aug-30-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Chemical Warfare Agents - toxicity
Denmark
Drug Residues - analysis
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental pollution
Fishes - physiology
Geologic Sediments - analysis
Germany
Health Status Indicators
Natural Gas
Russia
Seawater - analysis
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
This paper compiles all the measured chemical warfare agent (CWA) concentrations found in relation to the Nord Stream pipeline work in Danish waters for the past 5 years. Sediment and biota sampling were performed along the pipeline route in four campaigns, prior to (in 2008 and 2010), during (in 2011) and after (in 2012) the construction work. No parent CWAs were detected in the sediments. Patchy residues of CWA degradation products of Adamsite, Clark I, phenyldichloroarsine, trichloroarsine and Lewisite II, were detected in a total of 29 of the 391 sediment samples collected and analyzed the past 5 years. The cumulative fish community risk quotient for the different locations, calculated as a sum of background and added risk, ranged between 0 and 0.017 suggesting a negligible acute CWA risk toward the fish community. The added risk from sediment disturbance in relation to construction of the pipelines represents less than 2% of the total risk in the areas with the highest calculated risk. The analyses of benthic infauna corroborate the finding of CWA related low risk across the years. There was no significant difference in CWA risk before (2008) and after the pipeline construction (2012).
PubMed ID
25113514 View in PubMed
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[The informativeness of indices of the heart rate variability for the identification of the adverse effects of environmental factors on the health of adolescent girls].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264390
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):121-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
I V Myl'nikova
N V Efimova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):121-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Circadian Rhythm - physiology
Electrocardiography
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental health
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - physiopathology
Female
Heart Rate - physiology
Humans
Incidence
Risk Assessment - methods
Rural Population
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
There was performed an investigation of informativeness of indices of the heart rate variability at rest and during orthostatic testing in the adolescent girls residing in the industrial town and in the village. The influence of unfa- vorable environmental factors was established to be reflected by the indices of the spectral analysis and cardioin- tervalography. In urban girls there was noted the marked increase of the centralization of heart rhythm control on the background of the increased activity of the sympathetic compartment and the reduction of the influence of the parasympathetic compartment of the autonomous nervous system on the sinus node. In rural adolescent girls the func- tional state of the autonomic nervous system being the optimal is characterized by an adequate response to the active orthostatic test of the parasympathetic and sympathetic compartments with the moderate involvement of mechanisms of the central control of the cardiac rhythm. Results of the study have an important significance for the diagnosis of the early disorders of health in adolescent girls.
PubMed ID
26031057 View in PubMed
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[Effect of auto-road complex in the city of Surgut on air pollution and population health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264399
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):57-61
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Vinokurova
M V Vinokurov
S A Voronin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):57-61
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis
Cities
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Motor Vehicles
Particulate Matter - analysis
Public Health
Retrospective Studies
Siberia
Urban health
Abstract
Currently, due to the increase in motorization, the problem of environmental pollution by emissions of objects of auto-road complex is becoming more and more important not only for cities, butfor dynamically developing regional cities. The negative impact is characterized by the increase of the morbidity rate of environmentally-dependent diseases, primarily respiratory diseases, neoplasms. This exposure is most pronounced near the motorways, at the gas station, and also spreads to residential areas, which requires the optimization of protective and preventive measures. Presented article is devoted to the characterization of air pollution of various areas in the city of Surgut due to emission of sources of auto-road complex with the assessment of public health risks.
PubMed ID
26031043 View in PubMed
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Moisture damage and childhood asthma: a population-based incident case-control study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166519
Source
Eur Respir J. 2007 Mar;29(3):509-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2007
Author
J. Pekkanen
A. Hyvärinen
U. Haverinen-Shaughnessy
M. Korppi
T. Putus
A. Nevalainen
Author Affiliation
Dept of Environmental Health, National Public Health Institute, P.O.Box 95, 70701 Kuopio, Finland. juha.pekkanen@ktl.fi
Source
Eur Respir J. 2007 Mar;29(3):509-15
Date
Mar-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution, Indoor - adverse effects
Asthma - epidemiology - etiology
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Finland
Fungi - growth & development
Housing
Humans
Humidity - adverse effects
Infant
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - etiology
Risk factors
Abstract
Most previous studies on the association between moisture damage and asthma have been cross-sectional and relied on self-reported exposure and health. The present authors studied the association by carrying out careful home inspections among new, clinically determined cases of asthma and controls. New cases of asthma aged 12-84 months (n = 121) were recruited prospectively and matched for year of birth, sex and living area with two randomly selected population controls (n = 241). Trained engineers visited all homes. Both cases and controls had lived >or=75% of their lifetime or the past 2 yrs in their current home. Risk of asthma increased with severity of moisture damage and presence of visible mould in the main living quarters but not in other areas of the house. Cases more often had damage in their bedroom. Associations were comparable for atopic and nonatopic asthma and for children aged >30 months or
PubMed ID
17107993 View in PubMed
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Asthma among secondary schoolchildren in relation to the school environment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15766
Source
Clin Exp Allergy. 1997 Nov;27(11):1270-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1997
Author
G. Smedje
D. Norbäck
C. Edling
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
Clin Exp Allergy. 1997 Nov;27(11):1270-8
Date
Nov-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Asthma - epidemiology - etiology
Comparative Study
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Schools
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Poor indoor air quality has been suggested to be related to the increase in the prevalence of asthma that has occurred in the western world, especially among children and young persons. Apart from the home, school is the most important indoor environment for children. OBJECTIVES: The aims were to study the prevalence of current asthma among secondary pupils and its relationship to the school environment, but also to personal factors and domestic exposures. METHODS: Data on asthmatic symptoms, other health aspects, and domestic exposures were gathered using a questionnaire which was sent to 762 pupils in the seventh form (13-14 years old) in 11 randomly chosen schools in the county of Uppsala in Sweden. Pupils answering 'yes' to having had asthma diagnosed by a physician, and having had recent asthma attacks, or who used asthma medication were defined as having current asthma. Data on exposures at school were gathered by measurements in 28 classrooms. The relationship between asthma and exposures was analysed by multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 627 (82%). Current asthma was found among 40 pupils (6.4%). Current asthma was more common in those who had an atopic disposition, or food allergy, or who had attended a day care centre for several years. Controlling for these factors, current asthma was related to several factors in the school environment. There were more pupils with current asthma in schools that were larger, had more open shelves, lower room temperature, higher relative air humidity, higher concentrations of formaldehyde or other volatile organic compounds, viable moulds or bacteria or more cat allergen in the settled dust. CONCLUSIONS: Although the pupils attended school for a minor part of their time, our study indicates that the quality of the school environment is of importance and may affect asthmatic symptoms.
PubMed ID
9420130 View in PubMed
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No evidence for effects of family environment on asthma. A retrospective study of Norwegian twins.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15789
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jul;156(1):43-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1997
Author
J R Harris
P. Magnus
S O Samuelsen
K. Tambs
Author Affiliation
Department of Population Health Sciences, Torshov, Norway.
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jul;156(1):43-9
Date
Jul-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Actuarial Analysis
Asthma - epidemiology - etiology - genetics
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Family
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Norway
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Abstract
The risk of developing asthma contingent upon the co-twins' history of asthma was analyzed in a population-based study of 5,864 Norwegian twins. A primary aim was to assess the significance of shared environment for the development of asthma from infancy through age 25. Retrospective reports were collected when the twins were 18 to 25 yr of age. The risk of developing asthma, contingent upon the co-twin's history of asthma, was estimated using survival analyses, and genetic and environmental sources of variation in liability for asthma were analyzed with structural equation models. The cumulative incidence of asthma was 6% for males and 5.4% for females. The relative risk of developing asthma among twins whose co-twin had a positive history of asthma compared with those whose co-twin had no history of asthma was 17.9 (95% CI, 10.3 to 31.0) for identical, and 2.3 (95% CI, 1.2 to 4.4) for fraternal twins. Although shared environment encompasses many of the exposures that are putative risk factors for asthma in this age range, there is no evidence of shared environmental influences for asthma. Rather, 75% of the variation in liability for asthma was explained by genetic effects and the remaining variation was due to nonshared environmental influences. These results suggest that the familial risk for asthma is primarily, genetic.
PubMed ID
9230724 View in PubMed
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People can detect poor air quality well below guideline concentrations: a prevalence study of annoyance reactions and air pollution from traffic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15821
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1997 Jan;54(1):44-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1997
Author
B. Forsberg
N. Stjernberg
S. Wall
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Umeå University, Sweden.
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1997 Jan;54(1):44-8
Date
Jan-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Emotions
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Middle Aged
Nitrogen Dioxide - adverse effects - analysis
Perception
Prevalence
Regression Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sulfur Dioxide - adverse effects - analysis
Sweden
Urban Population
Vehicle Emissions
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Motor vehicle exhaust fumes are the main source of atmospheric pollution in cities in industrialised countries. They cause respiratory disease and annoy people exposed to them. The relation between ambient exposure to air pollution mainly from motor vehicles and annoyance reactions in a general population was assessed. Also, the importance of factors such as age, sex, respiratory disease, access to the use of a car, and smoking habits on the reporting of these reactions was studied. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent out in 55 urban areas in Sweden that had nearly identical air quality monitoring stations of the urban air monitoring network. From each area, 150 people aged 16-70 were randomly selected. The questionnaire contained questions on perception of air quality as well as a question on how often exhaust fumes were annoying. RESULTS: Six-monthly nitrogen dioxide concentrations correlated consistently with the prevalence of reported annoyance related to air pollution and traffic exhaust fumes. Black smoke and sulphur dioxide had no significant effects. The frequency of reporting annoyance reactions was higher among people with asthma, women, and people with lack of access to a car. CONCLUSIONS: In this study town dwellers could detect poor air quality at concentrations well below current guidelines for outdoor air pollution. This suggests that questionnaire studies have a place in monitoring air quality.
PubMed ID
9072033 View in PubMed
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Accessibility to air travel correlates strongly with increasing melanoma incidence.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature16510
Source
Melanoma Res. 2006 Feb;16(1):77-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Yolanda Z Agredano
Joanna L Chan
Ranch C Kimball
Alexa B Kimball
Author Affiliation
Department of Dermatology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA.
Source
Melanoma Res. 2006 Feb;16(1):77-81
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aircraft
Comparative Study
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Holidays - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Income - statistics & numerical data
Melanoma - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Skin Neoplasms - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Sunlight
Travel - statistics & numerical data
Ultraviolet Rays - adverse effects
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
As the cost of air travel has decreased substantially in the USA and Europe over the past few decades, leisure travel to vacation destinations during the winter months has expanded significantly. This trend has probably increased the incidence of significant ultraviolet radiation exposure and sunburn in a broader population who could not previously afford this kind of travel. The purpose of this study was to analyse the correlation between increasing accessibility to air travel and melanoma incidence. This ecological study surveyed air travel patterns and melanoma incidence over the past three decades. Melanoma age-adjusted incidence was obtained from the United States Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 9 Registry Database, 1975-2000, and the Cancer Registry of Norway, 1965-2000. United States mean inflation-adjusted airfare prices for four airports linked to leisure destinations (Miami, Los Angeles, San Diego, Phoenix) were compared with melanoma incidence. Parallel analyses were performed using annual domestic passenger-kilometres and melanoma incidence in Norway. Declining United States leisure-specific airfares corresponded strongly with increasing melanoma incidence (r = 0.96, r = 0.92, P
PubMed ID
16432460 View in PubMed
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Recruitment of healthy first-trimester pregnant women: lessons from the Chemicals, Health & Pregnancy study (CHirP).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138103
Source
Matern Child Health J. 2012 Feb;16(2):430-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2012
Author
Glenys M Webster
Kay Teschke
Patricia A Janssen
Author Affiliation
School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada. gwebster@interchange.ubc.ca
Source
Matern Child Health J. 2012 Feb;16(2):430-8
Date
Feb-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Advertising as Topic
Canada
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Patient Selection
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, First
Pregnant Women
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Research - organization & administration
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
To describe and evaluate recruitment techniques used to enroll 152 healthy pregnant women fewer than 15 weeks gestation into a prospective study of environmental chemical exposure during pregnancy. Posters, a website, online and print advertising, recruitment emails, media coverage, recruitment from clinic waiting rooms, networking within the pregnancy community and presenting a study booth at baby "trade shows" were used to advertise the study. Participants had to meet a strict set of eligibility criteria, and were asked to donate two-second-trimester blood samples, complete two questionnaires, have samples of air, dust, lint and tap water collected from their homes, and donate a cord blood sample at delivery. Over 17 months, 171 women enrolled (49% of initial contacts, and 99% of all eligible women) and 152 women completed the study (89% retention). Total recruitment costs were approximately $400 Cdn per final participant. Posters, study booth presentations and online advertising generated the most inquiries about the study. Word of mouth, referral from another study and direct email were the most cost-effective strategies. Not surprisingly, the recruited study population was less ethnically diverse, more affluent and more educated than the background population of pregnant women in Vancouver. A combination of passive and active recruitment techniques were successful for recruiting healthy women in roughly the first trimester of pregnancy (
PubMed ID
21210200 View in PubMed
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Serum dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls are associated with growth among Russian boys.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138353
Source
Pediatrics. 2011 Jan;127(1):e59-68
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2011
Author
Jane S Burns
Paige L Williams
Oleg Sergeyev
Susan Korrick
Mary M Lee
Boris Revich
Larisa Altshul
Julie T Del Prato
Olivier Humblet
Donald G Patterson
Wayman E Turner
Larry L Needham
Mikhail Starovoytov
Russ Hauser
Author Affiliation
Environmental and Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Building I, Room 1404E, Boston, MA 02115, USA. jburns@hsph.harvard.edu
Source
Pediatrics. 2011 Jan;127(1):e59-68
Date
Jan-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Dioxins - blood
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Follow-Up Studies
Growth
Humans
Male
Polychlorinated biphenyls - blood
Prospective Studies
Russia
Abstract
We evaluated the associations of serum dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with longitudinally assessed growth measurements among peripubertal Russian boys.
A total of 499 boys from Chapaevsk, Russia, aged 8 to 9 years were enrolled in the study from 2003 to 2005 and were followed prospectively for 3 years. Blood samples were collected and physical examinations were conducted at entry and repeated at annual study visits. Multivariate mixed-effects regression models for repeated measures were used to examine the associations of serum dioxins and PCBs with longitudinal measurements of BMI, height, and height velocity.
Serum dioxin (total 2005 toxic equivalency [TEQ] median: 21.1 pg/g lipid) and PCBs (median sum of PCBs: 250 ng/g lipid) were measured in 468 boys. At study entry and during 3 years of follow-up, >50% of the boys had age-adjusted BMI and height z scores within 1 SD of World Health Organization-standardized mean values for age. Boys in the highest exposure quintile of the sum of dioxin and PCB concentrations and total TEQs had a significant decrease in mean BMI z scores of 0.67 for dioxins and TEQs and 1.04 for PCBs, compared with boys in the lowest exposure quintile. Comparison of the highest versus the lowest quintile revealed that higher serum PCB concentrations were associated with significantly lower height z scores (mean z-score decrease: 0.41) and height velocity (mean decrease: 0.19 cm/year) after 3 years of follow-up.
Our findings suggest that exposures to dioxins and PCBs are associated with reduced growth during the peripubertal period and may compromise adult body mass, stature, and health.
Notes
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PubMed ID
21187307 View in PubMed
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Noise sensitivity and hearing disability.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138473
Source
Noise Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;13(50):51-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
Marja Heinonen-Guzejev
Tapani Jauhiainen
Heikki Vuorinen
Anne Viljanen
Taina Rantanen
Markku Koskenvuo
Kauko Heikkilä
Helena Mussalo-Rauhamaa
Jaakko Kaprio
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, The Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. marja.heinonen@helsinki.fi
Source
Noise Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;13(50):51-8
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Audiometry
Case-Control Studies
Ear Protective Devices - utilization
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Finland
Hearing Disorders - etiology - prevention & control
Humans
Hypertension - etiology
Logistic Models
Loudness Perception - physiology
Male
Middle Aged
Noise - adverse effects
Self Report
Stress, Psychological - etiology - psychology
Twin Studies as Topic
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of noise sensitivity with self-reported hearing disability and hearing levels, with consideration of the role of self-reported history of noise exposure and use of hearing protectors. The study is based on the Finnish Twin Cohort. In 1988, a noise questionnaire was sent to 1005 twin pairs, 1495 individuals (688 men, 807 women) replied. The age range was 31-88 years. Information on some potential confounders was obtained from the questionnaire in 1981 for the same individuals. A subsample of thirty-eight elderly women with noise sensitivity response from 1988 had audiometry data from 2000 to 2001. Noise sensitivity was associated with self-reported hearing disability among all subjects [odds ratio (OR) 1.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-2.12] and among women (OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.19-3.04), but no-more significantly among men (OR 1.31, 95% CI 0.86-1.98). The association was primarily seen among younger subjects (50 years or less). The difference between noise sensitive and non-noise sensitive elderly women in the average of thresholds at frequencies of 0.5-4 kHz in the better ear was not significant (Pr = 0.18). Noise sensitivity did not modify the association of hearing disability with the self-reported history of occupational noise exposure. Noise sensitivity was associated with the use of hearing protectors at work. The study shows the importance of recognizing the noise sensitive in noise effect studies, since sensitivity in annoyance has implications in most of the effect categories.
PubMed ID
21173487 View in PubMed
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Preferred sound levels of portable music players and listening habits among adults: a field study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138475
Source
Noise Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;13(50):9-15
Publication Type
Article
Author
Kim R Kähäri
T. Aslund
J. Olsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Audiology, Institution for Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrens' Academy, Göteborg University, Box 452, SE- 40530 Göteborg, Sweden. kim.kahari@neuro.gu.se
Source
Noise Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;13(50):9-15
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Auditory Fatigue - physiology
Consumer Satisfaction
Electronics - instrumentation
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced - etiology
Humans
Loudness Perception
Male
Music
Risk factors
Sweden
Abstract
The main purpose of this descriptive field study was to explore music listening habits and preferred listening levels with portable music players (PMPs). We were also interested in seeing whether any exposure differences could be observed between the sexes. Data were collected during 12 hours at Stockholm Central Station, where people passing by were invited to measure their preferred PMP listening level by using a KEMAR manikin. People were also asked to answer a questionnaire about their listening habits. In all, 60 persons (41 men and 19 women) took part in the questionnaire study and 61 preferred PMP levels to be measured. Forty-one of these sound level measurements were valid to be reported after consideration was taken to acceptable measuring conditions. The women (31 years) and the men (33 years) started to use PMPs on a regular basis in their early 20s. Ear canal headphones/ear buds were the preferred headphone types. Fifty-seven percent of the whole study population used their PMP on a daily basis. The measured LAeq60 sec levels corrected for free field ranged between 73 and 102 dB, with a mean value of 83 dB. Sound levels for different types of headphones are also presented. The results of this study indicate that there are two groups of listeners: people who listen less frequently and at lower, safer sound levels, and people with excessive listening habits that may indeed damage their hearing sensory organ in time.
PubMed ID
21173482 View in PubMed
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Health risk evaluation of nitrogen oxides. Exposure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222313
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1993;19 Suppl 2:14-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
M. Berglund
Author Affiliation
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1993;19 Suppl 2:14-20
Date
1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Air Pollution, Indoor - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Nitrogen Oxides - adverse effects - analysis
Sweden
PubMed ID
8209191 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The characteristics of individual environmental factors and the health of the population of the Krivoi Rog iron ore basin]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35683
Source
Lik Sprava. 1994 Sep-Dec;(9-12):54-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
A Iu Lysyi
I S Samko
L O Lysa
Source
Lik Sprava. 1994 Sep-Dec;(9-12):54-6
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Environmental - adverse effects
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental health
Health status
Humans
Iron
Metallurgy
Mining
Ukraine
Abstract
Giant mining industry enterprises and huge iron-and-steel works are located in Krivbas. 169 mll. cu. m. of solid waste, over II.8 mll. cu. m. of waste water, nearly 1.3 mll. tons of dust and gaseous substances are created annually through the production process. Data available from numerous investigations both in this country and abroad refer health characteristics in the community to the environmental contamination. Demographic situation in Krivbas is marked by 22.4% reduction in birth-rate over the last 20 years, 49.2% increase in mortality rates. General mortality showed 2.4-fold increase over the last 5 years. The diseases of respiratory, circulatory and digestive organs are found to prevail as are complications of pregnancy and delivery; on the increase are malignant tumours. 1,600-1,700 diseases per 1,000 children are generally recorded. Planning of measures on protection and promotion of the environment (E) is to be carried out in consecutive order according to the E priority factors in their impact on health in the community. It is necessary that a concept of prenosological diagnosis be used in organization of diagnostic centres for detection of groups at risk for development of a pathology, which undertaking will contribute to early diagnosis as well as timely and well-targeted organization of preventive measures. There is a need for the environmental legislation and mechanisms of its implementation to be improved.
PubMed ID
7604586 View in PubMed
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Lifestyle, environmental, and genetic predictors of bulky DNA adducts in a study population nested within a prospective Danish cohort.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature97355
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2010 Jan;73(9):583-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2010
Author
Kirsten Thorup Eriksen
Mette Sørensen
Herman Autrup
Ulla Vogel
Kim Overvad
Anne Tjønneland
Steffen Loft
Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
Author Affiliation
Danish Cancer Society, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Copenhagen, Denmark. kirsthor@cancer.dk
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2010 Jan;73(9):583-95
Date
Jan-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
DNA Adducts
Denmark - epidemiology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Forecasting
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Genotype
Humans
Leukocytes - drug effects
Life Style
Lung Neoplasms - blood - epidemiology - genetics
Male
Micronucleus Tests
Middle Aged
Polymorphism, Genetic
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Tumor Markers, Biological - genetics
Abstract
Bulky DNA adducts are considered a potential biomarker of cancer risk. In this study, the association between various lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors and the levels of bulky DNA adducts in peripheral leukocytes was examined in a study group nested within a population-based prospective Danish cohort. At enrollment, blood samples were collected and information on lifestyle, including dietary and smoking habits, obtained. Previously, bulky DNA adducts were measured in 245 individuals who developed lung cancer and 255 control members of the cohort. Of these 500 individuals, data on 375 individuals were included in this study, excluding 125 cases, which developed lung cancer within the first 3 yr after blood sampling. Bulky DNA adduct levels were measured by 32P-postlabeling technique and polymorphisms in carcinogen metabolism and DNA repair genes were determined. Potential predictors of bulky DNA adduct levels were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Women tended to have higher adduct levels than men. Living in central Copenhagen and surface darkness of fried meat and fish were associated with quantitative higher adduct levels. No significant associations were found between dietary factors or smoking and DNA adduct levels. Further, the results showed no prominent associations between any of 12 genetic polymorphisms and adduct levels. Overall, our study showed only few associations between dietary, environmental, and genetic factors and levels of bulky DNA adducts measured in peripheral leukocytes in a general Danish population.
PubMed ID
20391138 View in PubMed
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Cohort profile: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature80984
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Oct;35(5):1146-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2006

Ecological significance of residual exposures and effects from the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81309
Source
Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2006 Jul;2(3):204-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2006
Author
Harwell Mark A
Gentile John H
Author Affiliation
Harwell Gentile & Associates, LC, Hammock, Florida 32137, USA. mharwell@ecologicalrisk.com
Source
Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2006 Jul;2(3):204-46
Date
Jul-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Alaska
Animals
Ecology
Ecosystem
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Petroleum - adverse effects
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic - analysis - toxicity
Risk assessment
Ships
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis - toxicity
Abstract
An ecological significance framework is used to assess the ecological condition of Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska, USA, in order to address the current management question: 17 y following the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS), are there any remaining and continuing ecologically significant exposures or effects on the PWS ecosystem caused by EVOS? We examined the extensive scientific literature funded by the Exxon Valdez Trustees or by ExxonMobil to assess exposures and effects from EVOS. Criteria to assess ecological significance include whether a change in a valued ecosystem component (VEC) is sufficient to affect the structure, function, and/or health of the system and whether such a change exceeds natural variability. The EVOS occurred on 24 March 1989, releasing over 250,000 barrels of crude oil into PWS. Because PWS is highly dynamic, the residual oil was largely eliminated in the first few years, and now only widely dispersed, highly weathered, or isolated small pockets of residual contamination remain. Many other sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exist in PWS from past or present human activities or natural oil seeps. Multiple-lines-of-evidence analyses indicate that residual PAHs from EVOS no longer represent an ecologically significant exposure risk to PWS. To assess the ecological significance of any residual effects from EVOS, we examined the literature on more than 20 VECs, including primary producers, filter feeders, fish and bird primary consumers, fish and bird top predators, a bird scavenger, mammalian primary consumers and top predators, biotic communities, ecosystem-level properties of trophodynamics and biogeochemical processes, and landscape-level properties of habitat mosaic and wilderness quality. None of these has any ecologically significant effects that are detectable at present, with the exception of 1 pod of orcas and possibly 1 subpopulation of sea otters; however, in both those cases, PWS-wide populations appear to have fully recovered. Many other stressors continue to affect PWS adversely, including climate and oceanographic variability, increased tourism and shipping, invasive species, the 1964 earthquake, and overexploitation of marine resources, with associated cascading effects on populations of PWS fish and predators. We conclude that the PWS ecosystem has now effectively recovered from EVOS.
PubMed ID
16869437 View in PubMed
Less detail

Baseline prevalence of symptoms related to indoor environment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81362
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2006;34(4):387-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Eriksson Nils M
Stenberg Berndt G T
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Sweden. nils.eriksson@soc.umu.se
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2006;34(4):387-96
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Air Pollution, Indoor - adverse effects
Computer Terminals
Dermatitis, Occupational - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Electricity - adverse effects
Electromagnetic fields - adverse effects
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Hypersensitivity - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Sick Building Syndrome - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
AIMS: Health problems associated with indoor environments have been reported and discussed extensively during the past few decades, not least in Sweden. There is, however, great uncertainty concerning the background prevalence of the symptoms in question. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of general, mucosal, and skin symptoms in the Swedish population. METHODS: A survey comprising 3,000 randomly selected Swedes, age 18-64, was carried out. The survey addressed 25 symptoms, principally general, mucosal, and skin symptoms. A number of other areas were covered and individual data registered at Statistics Sweden were added. The response rate was 70% (2,154 cases). RESULTS: The prevalence of symptoms in the Swedish population was found to accord with results in studies based on different kinds of samples. Women reported significantly more single symptoms, as well as sets of symptoms, than men. There was no clear connection between age and symptoms. The prevalence of symptoms was slightly lower among employees compared with non-workers. Office workers did not report symptoms related to "sick building syndrome" (SBS) more frequently than employees not working in offices. SBS symptoms, skin symptoms, and symptoms similar to those reported by individuals with "electric hypersensitivity" were significantly more prevalent among employees with extensive VDU usage. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of reported health complaints accords with that which has been found in previous studies. The background prevalence reported here can serve as a reference for further studies. The high prevalence of symptoms among individuals with extensive VDU usage gives cause for further studies.
PubMed ID
16861189 View in PubMed
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