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Investigation of blood lipids and food composition of Greenlandic Eskimos

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature94105
Source
Pages 141-145 in R.J. Shephard and S. Itoh, eds. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, 1974.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1976
Danish food. The serum lipid and lipoprotein pattern of these Eskimos did not differ frClll ~a~ of other Danes. Consequently, differences in serum lipids between Greenlandic Eskimos and Danes must be con- side7ed of environmental origin, presumably caused by the special nature of Eskimo food. The
  1 document  
Author
Bang, HO
Dyerberg, J
Hjørne, N
Author Affiliation
Clinical Chemical Department, Aalborg Hospital North, Aalborg, Denmark
Source
Pages 141-145 in R.J. Shephard and S. Itoh, eds. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, 1974.
Date
1976
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alpha-lipoprotein
Arachidonic Acid
Beta-lipoprotein
Cholesterol
Chylomicrons
Danish food
Eicosahexaenoic acid
Eskimo food
Ester-bound serum fatty acids
Greenland
Linoleic Acid
Linolenic acid
Monounsaturated fatty acids
Oleic acid
Palmitic Acid
Palmitoleic acid
Phospholipids
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Pre-beta-lipoprotein
Saturated fatty acids
Stearic acid
Timnodonic acid
Total serum lipids
Triglycerides
Umanak
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Changes in disease and food patterns in Angmagssalik, 1949-1979.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature283754
Source
Pages 243-251 in B. Harvald and J.P. Hart Hansen, eds. Circumpolar Health 81. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 5th, Copenhagen, 9-13 August, 1981.
Publication Type
Article
Date
[1982?]
forbade the sale of European food products in order to prevent a weakening of the population's health (26). But after colonization the nomadic way of life gradually ceased and the population increased. By 1920 it had grown from 400 to almost 700 per- sons (11, 13). The supply of food through hunting
  1 document  
Author
Helms, P.
Author Affiliation
Institute of Hygiene, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Source
Pages 243-251 in B. Harvald and J.P. Hart Hansen, eds. Circumpolar Health 81. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 5th, Copenhagen, 9-13 August, 1981.
Date
[1982?]
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Documents
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Commentaries -- Zoonotic and infectious diseases

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature94546
Source
Pages 315-319 in R.J. Shephard and S. Itoh, eds. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, 1974.
Date
1976
respiratory impairment but responded well to treatment with trivalent antitoxin (ABE) • This is the first reported outbreak of Type B botulism in Alaska. All prior cases in- vestigated have been due to Type E, the only type yet found in environmental samples collected in areas similar to Chefornak. The
  1 document  
Source
Pages 315-319 in R.J. Shephard and S. Itoh, eds. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, 1974.
Date
1976
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Russia
Greenland
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska Natives
Botulism type B
Brucellosis
Greenland
Hepatitis B
Rheumatic fever
Siberia
Streptococcal
Trivalent antitoxin
Western Alaska
Zooanthroponoses
Notes
"Hepatitis B in western Alaska" (D.H. Barrett, J.M. Burks, B. McMahon, K.R. Berquist, and J.E. Maynard)
"Botulism type B outbreak in an Alaskan Eskimo village" (D.H. Barrett, M.S. Eisenberg, and J.M. Burks
"Epidemiology of brucellosis in the north" (G.F. Byelov, A.N. Gudoshnik, and G.D. Netsky)
"Infectious hepatitis in Greenland, 1970-2" (Flemming Mikkelsen)
"Problem of zooanthroponoses in the arctic area of Siberia" (G.I. Netsky)
"Streptococcal surveillance and control in remote arctic populations" (T.R. Bender, J.S. Edelen, and J.M. Burks)
"Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease among Alaskan Natives, 1964-73" (J.S. Edelen, J.M. Burks, D.H. Barrett, and P. Steer)
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Tradition and transition: parasitic zoonoses of people and animals in Alaska, northern Canada, and Greenland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature115065
Source
Adv Parasitol. 2013;82:33-204
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Emily J Jenkins
Louisa J Castrodale
Simone J C de Rosemond
Brent R Dixon
Stacey A Elmore
Karen M Gesy
Eric P Hoberg
Lydden Polley
Janna M Schurer
Manon Simard
R C Andrew Thompson
Author Affiliation
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada. emily.jenkins@usask.ca
Source
Adv Parasitol. 2013;82:33-204
Date
2013
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Canada
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska - epidemiology
Animals
Canada - epidemiology
Communicable Diseases, Emerging - epidemiology - parasitology
Foodborne Diseases - epidemiology - parasitology
Greenland - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Infection Control - methods
Parasites - classification - isolation & purification
Parasitic Diseases - epidemiology - transmission
Prevalence
Zoonoses - epidemiology - parasitology
Abstract
Zoonotic parasites are important causes of endemic and emerging human disease in northern North America and Greenland (the North), where prevalence of some parasites is higher than in the general North American population. The North today is in transition, facing increased resource extraction, globalisation of trade and travel, and rapid and accelerating environmental change. This comprehensive review addresses the diversity, distribution, ecology, epidemiology, and significance of nine zoonotic parasites in animal and human populations in the North. Based on a qualitative risk assessment with criteria heavily weighted for human health, these zoonotic parasites are ranked, in the order of decreasing importance, as follows: Echinococcus multilocularis, Toxoplasma gondii, Trichinella and Giardia, Echinococcus granulosus/canadensis and Cryptosporidium, Toxocara, anisakid nematodes, and diphyllobothriid cestodes. Recent and future trends in the importance of these parasites for human health in the North are explored. For example, the incidence of human exposure to endemic helminth zoonoses (e.g. Diphyllobothrium, Trichinella, and Echinococcus) appears to be declining, while water-borne protozoans such as Giardia, Cryptosporidium, and Toxoplasma may be emerging causes of human disease in a warming North. Parasites that undergo temperature-dependent development in the environment (such as Toxoplasma, ascarid and anisakid nematodes, and diphyllobothriid cestodes) will likely undergo accelerated development in endemic areas and temperate-adapted strains/species will move north, resulting in faunal shifts. Food-borne pathogens (e.g. Trichinella, Toxoplasma, anisakid nematodes, and diphyllobothriid cestodes) may be increasingly important as animal products are exported from the North and tourists, workers, and domestic animals enter the North. Finally, key needs are identified to better assess and mitigate risks associated with zoonotic parasites, including enhanced surveillance in animals and people, detection methods, and delivery and evaluation of veterinary and public health services.
PubMed ID
23548085 View in PubMed
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Obesity and metabolic correlates among the Inuit and a general Danish population

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature5989
Source
Pages 77-85 in J. Lepp�¤luoto, ed. Circumpolar Health 2003. Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Nuuk, Greenland, September 10-14, 2003. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2004;63(Suppl.2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
, glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipldc1nla in 1nost populations. The study aims to assess the occurrence and metabolic correlates of obesity an1ong Greenlanders and Da- nes. Study design. From 1999 to 200!, 917 adult Inuit participated in a health survey in Greenland. The examination included
  1 document  
Author
J�¸rgensen, ME
Author Affiliation
Steno Diabetes Centre, Gentofte, Denmark. maej@steno.dk
Source
Pages 77-85 in J. Lepp�¤luoto, ed. Circumpolar Health 2003. Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Nuuk, Greenland, September 10-14, 2003. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2004;63(Suppl.2)
Date
2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Anthropometry
Blood Glucose - analysis
Blood pressure
Body mass index
BMI
Denmark
Female
Glucose Tolerance Test
Greenland
Humans
Insulin - analysis
Inuit - statistics & numerical data
Lipoproteins, HDL Cholesterol - blood
Male
Metabolic syndrome
Obesity - epidemiology - ethnology - metabolism
Triglycerides - blood
Abstract
OBEJECTIVES: Obesity and central fat pattern are associated with several cardiovascular risk factors incluy ding insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia in most populations. The study aims to assess the occurrence and metabolic correlates of obesity among Greenlanders and Danes. STUDY DESIGN: From 1999 to 2001, 917 adult Inuit participated in a health survey in Greenland. The examination included an oral glucose tolerance test. Body Mass Index, waist circumference, and blood pressure were measured. P-glucose, s-insulin, and lipids were measured. Data from the Danish study 'Inter99' (n=5606) conducted in 1999-2000 were used for comparison. RESULTS: Compared with the Inter99 population, a larger proportion of Inuit women were centrally obese (58.1% vs.17.8%, p
PubMed ID
15736626 View in PubMed
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Address by the President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2827
Source
Pages 6-9 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
, alcohol abuse, traditional knowledge and healing, and environmental health, to name a few. As you know, Inuit are a circumpolar people, whose territories span the northern reaches of four nations: the United States (Alaska), Canada, Greenland, and Russia. The Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) is
  1 document  
Author
Kuptana, Rosemarie
Source
Pages 6-9 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Canada
Greenland
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Inuit Circumpolar Conference
Inuit
Self-determination
Health issues
Research relationships
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Disease pattern in children living in the Arctic: visits to a general practitioner by 0- to 14-year-old children living in Nuuk, Greenland

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2858
Source
Pages 141-147 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Disease Pattern in Children Living in the Arctic: Visits to a General Practitioner by 0- to 14-Year-Old Children Living in Nuuk, Greenland B.V.-L. Niclasen District Health Care Clinic, Nuuk, Greenland Keywords: Nuuk; Greenland; Child health care; Child health INTRODUCTION Nuuk is the
  1 document  
Author
Niclasen, B.V.
Author Affiliation
District Health Care Clinic, Nuuk, Greenland
Source
Pages 141-147 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Child health
Child health care
Nuuk
Documents
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Communication about health and the risk effect of eating traditional food

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2873
Source
Pages 222-224 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
" (lnuk). Keywords: Inuit; Greenland; Communication; Traditional foods; Contaminants; Atherosclerosis INTRODUCTION In March 1996 at the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy Ministerial Conference, Mrs. Marianne Jensen, Minister of Health, Environ- ment and Research in Greenland, stated, It
  1 document  
Author
Mulvad, G.
Pedersen, H.S.
Author Affiliation
Primary Health Care Clinic, Nuuk, Greenland
Source
Pages 222-224 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Atherosclerosis
Communication
Contaminants
Greenland
Inuit
Traditional foods
Abstract
Like other populations, the Arctic population has to deal with the fact that specialized information made available to them through environmental and medical research is often difficult to grasp. Not only are the data complicated, they are also often misconstrued through media distortion. Communication is more than just information. Experience with communication gained during a 1990s international autopsy study in Greenland will be presented. The study looked at the possible protective effect against atherosclerosis due to the special fatty acid composition in the traditional food and also the effect of exposure of the local people to heavy metal and organochlorine. "When I eat traditional food, I know who I am" (Inuk).
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Effects of dietary seal oil on fat metabolism

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2895
Source
Pages 322-324 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Effects of Dietary Seal Oil on Fat Metabolism Susanne M. Mf2jller1, Jens C. Hansen 1, E.B. Thorling1, Gert Mulvad2, Henning S. Pedersen2, Peter Bjerregaard3, et al. 1 Center of Arctic Environmental Medicine, Institute of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark
  1 document  
Author
M�¸ller, S.M.
Hansen, J.C.
Thorling, E.B.
Mulvad, G.
Pedersen, H.S.
Bjerregaard, P.
Author Affiliation
Center of Arctic Environmental Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Source
Pages 322-324 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Atherosclerosis
Diet
Fatty acids
Fish oil
Greenland
Abstract
In the 1970s, Bang and Dyerberg demonstrated that a high intake of n-3 acids in Greenland protected against ischemic heart disease. This started the interest in fish oil as a preventive component in cardiac disease. The fatty acid composition in Greenlandic diet is quite different from the one in the Danish diet, being lower in saturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and higher in monounsatured fatty acids (MUFAs). During the last decade, evidence has suggested that the MUFA (18:1) is not a neutral dietary component but has a positive effect of its own. This paper reports on a current project undertaken to study the effect of marine MUFAs and PUFAs on atherosclerosis-related parameters and to evaluate their possible synergistic effect in the prevention of atherosclerosis. The project has recently started, so at the moment results cannot be presented. The study will be carried out as an intervention study on 50 healthy volunteers. Capsules of Greenlandic halibut oil (rich in MUFAs) and "Biomarin" (rich in n-3 PUFAs) will be tested against seal oil.
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Health transitions in Arctic populations

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100814
Source
Toronto, Ont.: University of Toronto Press; 485 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
2008
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto
National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark
Source
Toronto, Ont.: University of Toronto Press; 485 pp.
Date
2008
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Canada
Russia
Finland
Greenland
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Arctic peoples
Circumpolar peoples
Economic changes
Environmental changes
Health determinants and outcomes
Health status
Indigenous populations
Political changes
Social changes
Abstract
The Arctic regions are inhabited by diverse populations, both indigenous and non-indigenous. 'Health Transitions in Arctic Populations' describes and explains changing health patterns in these areas, how particular patterns came about, and what can be done to improve the health of Arctic peoples. This collaborative study correlates changes in health status with major environmental, social, economic, and political changes in the Arctic. Together the contributors explore commonalities in the experiences of different peoples while recognizing their considerable diversity. The volume focuses on five Arctic regions--Greenland, Northern Canada, Alaska, Arctic Russia, and Northern Fennoscandia. A general overview of the geography, history, economy, population characteristics, health status, and health services of each region is provided and followed by discussion of specific indigenous populations, major health determinants and outcomes, and, finally, an integrative examination of what can be done to improve the health of circumpolar peoples. 'Health Transitions in Arctic Populations' offers both a detailed examination of key health issues in the North and a vision for the future well-being of Arctic inhabitants.
Notes
Available at UAA/APU Consortium Library: WA100.H43 2008; and at ARLIS: RC957.H43 2008
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Peoples of the Arctic: Characteristics of human populations relevant to pollution issues

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100828
Source
Chapter 5 (pp. 141-183) of AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1998
  1 website  
Author
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme
Source
Chapter 5 (pp. 141-183) of AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Canada
Greenland
Iceland
Faroe Islands
Norway
Sweden
Russia
Finland
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Diet
Education
Employment
Environmental contaminants
Geography
Health care
Housing
Hunting, fishing, gathering
Indigenous knowledge
Indigenous peoples
Language
Mortality and morbidity
Nonindigenous residents
Population
Saami
Abstract
This chapter provides an introduction to the inhabitants of the Arctic. While there is insufficient space to explore the extent of information that exists in the written literature or in the oral traditions of indigenous cultures, the information given here is intended to help understand how contaminants may affect Arctic residents, and to encourage further investigation of these effects. The impacts that both contaminants and, more insidiously, the fear of contaminants have on, in particular, indigenous peoples and cultures demonstrate the need for effective communication and for preventing contamination that may lead to adverse effects on Arctic peoples.
Notes
Book available in UAA/APU Consortium Library Alaskana Collection: TD190.5.A75 1998; and in ARLIS General Collection: TD190.5A46 1998
Online Resources
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Changing living conditions, life style and health

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9025
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Dec;64(5):442-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
  1 website  
Author
Curtis, T
Kvernmo, S
Bjerregaard, P
Author Affiliation
National Institute of Public Health, Copenhagen, Denmark. tc@si-folkesundhed.dk
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Dec;64(5):442-50
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental change
Greenland
Life Style
Living conditions
Abstract
Human health is the result of the interaction of genetic, nutritional, socio-cultural, economic, physical infrastructure and ecosystem factors. All of the individual, social, cultural and socioeconomic factors are influenced by the environment they are embedded in and by changes in this environment. The aim of the paper is to illustrate the influence of environmental change on living conditions and life style and some of the mechanisms through which such changes affect physical and mental health. The interrelationship between environmental and societal change is illustrated by an example from a small community in Greenland, where changing environmental conditions have influenced fishing and employment opportunities to the extent that the size of the population has changed dramatically. The link between social change and health is shown with reference to studies on education, housing and occupation as well as life style changes. The paper further illustrates the relationship between the rapid socio-cultural and economic change and the health of the population. Psychosocial stress is reflected in problems such as alcohol abuse, violence and suicide, and these factors have been shown in studies on migration and transitions in health to be connected to changes in lifestyle and living conditions.
PubMed ID
16440606 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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The Arctic as a food producing region. Phase 1: Current status in five Arctic countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295345
Source
Nofima. Report 10/2018. 99 pp.
Publication Type
Report
Date
April 2018
. Food production in this region is however associated with some challenges. The food producers are often faced with challenging environmental conditions, poor and/or costly infrastructure, limited entrepreneurial capacity and qualified labor and long distance to export markets. Climate change is
  1 document  
Author
Silje Elde
Ingrid Kvalvik
Bjørg Helen Nøstvold
Rune Rødbotten
Sigridur Dalmannsdottir
Hilde Halland
Eivind Uleberg
Ólafur Reykdal
Jón Árnason
Páll Gunnar Pálsson
Rakel Halldórsdóttir
Óli Þór Hilmarsson
Gunnar Þórðarson
Þóra Valsdóttir
Rebekka Knudsen
David Natcher
Daria Sidorova
Source
Nofima. Report 10/2018. 99 pp.
Date
April 2018
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Denmark
Greenland
Iceland
Norway
Russia
Publication Type
Report
File Size
5515073
Keywords
Arctic
Food
Production
Industry and market
Possibilities
Challenges
Abstract
The "Arctic as a food producing region" is a project funded by the Nordic Council of Ministries, the Canadian Arctic Council office, the University of Saskatchewan (Canada), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Nofima – Norwegian Institute of Food, fisheries and Aquaculture Research, the Icelandic Foreign Ministry, and endorsed by the Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG). The project has participation from Canada, Denmark, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Russia. The aim of the "Arctic as a food producing region" - project is to assess the potential for increased production and added value of food from the Arctic region, with the overarching aim of improving economic and social conditions of Arctic communities. This report is the output from the first phase of the project, providing a description of the main food production and examples of conditions for food production in the Arctic areas of the countries involved.
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Food security across the Arctic : background paper of the Steering Committee of the Circumpolar Inuit Health Strategy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295940
Source
Inuit Circumpolar Council - Canada. 12 pp.
Publication Type
Report
Date
May 2012
8 SLiCA Results, March 2007; pp 4-5. 9 Prevalence of food insecurity in a Greenlandic community and the importance of social, econmic and environmental stressors, C. Goldhar, J.D. Ford, L. Berrang-Ford, International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 69:3 2010 10 Ibid, p. 297 11 The
  1 document  
Source
Inuit Circumpolar Council - Canada. 12 pp.
Date
May 2012
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Greenland
Russia
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
149162
Keywords
Alaska
Food security
Inuit
Documents

icc_food_security_across_the_arctic_may_2012.pdf

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Vitamins and minerals in the traditional Greenland diet.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295343
Source
National Environmental Research Institute (NERI) Technical report, no.528. 44 pp.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2005
National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark Vitamins and minerals in the traditional Greenland diet NERI Technical Report, No. 528 [Blank page] National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark Vitamins and minerals in the
  1 document  
Author
Andersen, Signe May
Source
National Environmental Research Institute (NERI) Technical report, no.528. 44 pp.
Date
2005
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Report
File Size
907304
Keywords
Traditional foods
Vitamins
Minerals
Nutrition
Greenland
Inuit
Abstract
The relative importance of traditional Greenlandic food items has diminished during the last decades. Today these account for 25% of the Greenland diet with a dominance of fish, seabirds, and marine mammals. This report synthesises the available information on concentrations of vitamins and minerals in the various food items that form the traditional Greenlandic diet. However, through this diet people in Greenland are also exposed to a high intake of heavy metals and organochlorines, due to a contamination of many of these food items. In combination with information on the concentration of contaminants, the information about vitamins and minerals will potentially make it possible to adjust the diet in Greenland, taking both nutrients and contaminants into account.
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Contaminants, health, and effective risk assessment & communication in the circumpolar north

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96122
Source
Page 318 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
Studies Program, Trent University There is growing recognition of the importance of Indigenous knowledge and the incorporation of Indigenous perspectives and perceptions in environment and health research today. There have been certain challenges when assessing and communicating environmental health
  1 document  
Author
Friendship, K.
Furgal, C.
Council of Yukon First Nations, Yukon Contaminants Committee
Author Affiliation
Canadian Studies Indigenous Studies Graduate Program, Trent University
Indigenous Environmental Studies Program, Trent University
Source
Page 318 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
U.S.
Greenland
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Arctic Regions
Cross-cultural misunderstandings
Environment and health research
Indigenous knowledge
Politicization of information
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral presentations. Chapter 8. Food Security and Our Environments.
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Dietary transition and contaminants in the Arctic: Emphasis on Greenland

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96165
Source
Circumpolar Health Supplements. 2008 (2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Hansen, JC
Deutch, B
Odland, JØ
Author Affiliation
Centre of Arctic Environmental Medicine, University of Aarhu, Denmark
Source
Circumpolar Health Supplements. 2008 (2)
Date
2008
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Arctic
Contaminants
Dietary transition
Exposure levels
Greenland
Food Supply
Human diet
Indigenous people
Inuit
Local diet
Marine food chains
Nutritional pattern
Traditional food
Abstract
The purpose of this review is to evaluate the nutritional qualities of the Inuit traditional food pattern seen in an evolutionary and historical perspective and to describe the present-day nutritional pattern as influenced by dietary transition. Observed exposure levels to contaminants and their potential negative effects will be discussed. Finally, we attempt to indicate what could be the direction for future developments in order to conserve the cultural and nutritional values of the local diet, and at the same time reduce contaminant exposure levels.
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Sundhedstilstanden i Grønland: Årsberetning for 1991

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96193
Publication Type
Report
Date
June 1992
Author
Chief Medical Officer in Greenland
Date
June 1992
Language
Danish
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Report
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Abstract
This report summarizes public health concerns in Greenland for the year 1991, including health promotion, environmental health, housing conditions, water supply, sanitation, food safety, forensic medicine, infectious diseases, cancer, atherosclerosis, and infant and child mortality. The report includes 25 tables and 24 figures.
Notes
Available upon request at the Alaska Medical Library, located on the second floor of UAA/APU Consortium Library. Ask for accession no. 96193.
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The state of health in Greenland: Report from the chief medical officer for 1991

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96194
Publication Type
Report
Date
June 1992
Author
Chief Medical Officer in Greenland
Date
June 1992
Language
Danish
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Report
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Abstract
This report summarizes public health concerns in Greenland for the year 1991, including health promotion, environmental health, housing conditions, water supply, sanitation, food safety, forensic medicine, infectious diseases, cancer, atherosclerosis, and infant and child mortality. The report includes 25 tables and 24 figures.
Notes
Available upon request at the Alaska Medical Library, located on the second floor of UAA/APU Consortium Library. Ask for accession no. 96194.
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Biomonitoring in Greenland: Human biomarkers of exposure and effects - A short review

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96585
Source
Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):1362
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-Jun-2010
Author
Bonefeld-Jorgensen, EC
Author Affiliation
Centre for Arctic Environmental Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Denmark. ebj@mil.au.dk
Source
Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):1362
Date
Apr-Jun-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP)
Arctic ecosystem
Arctic populations
Bioaccumulation
Biomarkers
Biomonitoring
Exposure
Generation studies
Genetic polymorphisms
Greenland
Immune system
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Receptor effect studies
Traditional diet
Abstract
CONTEXT: Since 1997 the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) has produced integrated assessment reports on the status of and trends in environmental persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the Arctic ecosystem. Three reports on biomonitoring POPs and their health risks for Arctic populations were published in 1998, 2002, and 2009. ISSUE: The present review summarizes data from Greenland on human monitoring of biomarkers of POP exposure and bioaccumulation and the determination of biomarkers for POP effects. The review focuses on hormone disruptive potentials and some genetic sensitivity biomarkers. The overview covers Greenlandic studies from 2000 to 2006. LESSONS LEARNED: The Greenland biomonitoring studies showed general geographical and gender differences of bioaccumulated serum POP levels, which were primarily related to diet and lifestyle. A high intake of traditional Greenlandic diet (eg seal, whale, polar bear, and seabirds) together with smoking caused higher blood concentrations of POPs. The highest POP values were found on the east coast of Greenland. The receptor effect studies showed a general inverse relationship between high serum POP concentration and estrogen receptor (ER) and Ah-receptor (AhR) transactivity; in addition for men in the two West Greenlandic districts, Nuuk and Sisimiut, a trend towards increased induced AR activity was found. An observed trend to an opposite direction between the dioxin-like AhR and ER activity supports the perception of that dioxins exert an antiestrogen effect. In conclusion, the actual mixtures of serum POPs in Greenlandic Inuit have an endocrine disrupting potential. Comparisons between European and Greenlandic male serum POP levels showed significantly higher levels in Inuit; however, in the same study Inuit had significantly lower sperm DNA damage. Further studies are required to elucidate whether the serum POP related effects on hormone receptors and/or AhR are explanatory factors. 'The Arctic dilemma' is that along with the intake of the Greenlandic traditional diet that contains POPs, there are also a number of important nutrients, such as trace elements/antioxidants and marine unsaturated fatty acids which have favorable effects on health. However, a number of studies suggest that an increase in Western food items in the diet can lead to other health risks, such as the metabolic syndrome and its sequels increase in weight, hypertension, diabetes type 2, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, including breast cancer. To elucidate these aspects further studies are required, including those into biomarkers for exposure and effects, epigenetic contexts and the determination of relevant genetic polymorphisms, case-control as well as generation studies. Finally, there is a need for the development of new biomarkers to study the potential POP effects that inhibit the immune system and affect the development of the central nervous system.
PubMed ID
20572746 View in PubMed
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