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Vitamin C in the Inuit diet: past and present.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295968
Source
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal. ix, 137 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
July 2000
provided personal financial aid. With respect to project support, my thanks to the Northern Scientific Training Program (DIAND) for allowing me to travel north to collect food samples and conduct qualitative interviews. Nick Hidiroglou and Rene Madère (Health Canada) are thanked for their expertise
  1 document  
Author
Fediuk, Karen
Source
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal. ix, 137 p.
Date
July 2000
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
1489428
Keywords
Inuit
Women
Vitamin C
Traditional diet
Baffin Island
Abstract
This thesis explored the place of vitamin C in the Inuit diet through analysis of traditional food sources, assessment of contemporary intake among women aged 20 - 40 years, estimation of a pre contact intake of vitamin C and qualitative interviews to contextualize current food choices that can affect vitamin C intake. This thesis provides the first reports of vitamin C values for several Inuit traditional foods. There are rich sources of vitamin C in the Inuit traditional food although they are infrequently consumed by this group of women. On average half of the women interviewed in each season met the 1990 Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) set at 30 mg/day, however, only 34% of the group met the new Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) of 60 mg/day. Historically, ample vitamin C was obtained through the traditional Inuit food system.
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Managing mountains, past and present conditions for traditional summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry in northern Scandinavia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295941
Source
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Umea : Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2017:80.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2017
ecological knowledge 11 1.2 Traditional land uses in northern Scandinavia 12 2 Objectives 16 3 Research context 18 4 Methods 21 4.1 Study systems 21 4.1.1 Summer farming 21 4.1.2 Sami reindeer husbandry 24 4.2 Environmental setting 27 4.3 Analysis of historical records in paper II and III 28
  1 document  
Author
Linkowski, Weronika Izabella Axelsson
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Forest Sciences, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Umeå
Source
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Umea : Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2017:80.
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
3416260
Keywords
Boreal forests
Traditional ecological knowledge
Historical perspective
Forest grazing
Transhumance
Carnivores
Land use changes
Pastoralism
Abstract
Traditional land use and conditions for maintenance of biodiversity are often interlinked. When land use changes and ecosystems change as a result, there is a risk to loose both the traditional ecological knowledge and the biodiversity connected to this land use. This thesis focuses on traditional land use, summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry, in the mountain areas of northern Scandinavia (mainly Sweden), in a historical and contemporary perspective. The overall aim is to contribute to the understanding of the conditions for the traditional land use in the Scandinavian (mainly Swedish) mountains, using the concepts of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and a historical-ecological perspective. Both summer farming and reindeer husbandry are under strong external pressure and face large challenges today. Some of these challenges are shared and some differ between the two types of northern pastoralism. Scandinavian summer farmers experience that different views on their land use from different authorities affect them negatively. The increasing populations of large carnivores also worry the summer farmers. Recent depredation rates are in fact of the same level as historically (around 1900). Interviews showed that traditional knowledge about protective measures had eroded during years without carnivores, but also that farming practices have changed recently and that new knowledge developed. Sami plant use has been studied historically, but information about Sami plant management of Angelica archangelica was not documented. We argue that Sami ecological knowledge should be used to ensure sustainable harvest methods. Today traditional reindeer husbandry faces severe problems due to the reduction of winter grazing land by different encroachments, most importantly from modern forestry. The negative effects are even larger since increasingly difficult winter conditions create a need for a wider range of good grazing areas. Traditional knowledge is essential in the herders´ daily work, but the usability of the knowledge is severely constrained by recent changes. In the future planning of an ecologically and socially sustainable mountain management it is necessary to work with traditional land users and integrate their traditional knowledge.
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Sami lifestyle and health : epidemiological studies from northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295942
Source
Umea Universitet, Dean of Medical Faculty. Medical dissertation, New series no 1475. 78 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2012
Sami lifestyle and health epidemiological studies from northern Sweden Lena Maria Nilsson Public health and clinical medicine Nutritional research Umeå 2012 Responsible publisher under Swedish law: the Dean of the Medical Faculty This work is protected by the Swedish
  1 document  
Author
Nilsson, Lena Maria
Source
Umea Universitet, Dean of Medical Faculty. Medical dissertation, New series no 1475. 78 p.
Date
2012
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
1806673
Keywords
Sami
Traditional diet
Traditional lifestyle
Cohort
Mortality
Cancer
Cardiovascular disease
Abstract
The aim of this PhD thesis was to expand the current knowledge of “traditional Sami” diet and lifestyle, and to test aspects of the Sami diet and lifestyle, specifically dietary pattern, macronutrient distribution and coffee consumption, in population-based epidemiological studies of mortality and incident cardiovascular disease and cancer in a general population...
Notes
ISBN 978-91-7459-359-4
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Sami traditions: Márkomeannu's contribution to the revitalization of Sami food traditions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295943
Source
University of Tromsø Norway. Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education. Master of Philosophy in Indigenous Studies.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
Autumn 2014
are several indigenous research ethics guidelines and reports. One of them is the Indigenous Peoples Health Research Centre’s (IPHRC, 2004) research ethics involving indigenous peoples. These guidelines are developed to embrace 5 decolonizing methods and to conduct research on indigenous
  1 document  
Author
Berg, Elisabeth
Source
University of Tromsø Norway. Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education. Master of Philosophy in Indigenous Studies.
Date
Autumn 2014
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
3175632
Keywords
Skånland
Sami
Traditional diet
Articulation
Revitalization
Globalization
Modernization
Abstract
This thesis focuses on the Márkomeannu festival’s contribution to the revitalization of food traditions. The study was conducted on the Márkomeannu festival in Skånland in Troms County, specifically in the Markasami areas in the rural hills of Skånland. The festival was chosen because it is an important arena for expression of indigeneity and culture. Many areas within the Sami community have suffered from assimilation and have afterwards gone through a process of revitalization. The process of revitalization of the culture, language, politics and history has been thoroughly studied and written about, but the revitalization of Sami traditional food has not been studied in detail. Food is an important cultural marker which works as building stones of each cultural foundation. Food can be both symbolic and be a purely practical necessity for a culture. The thesis establishes that some traditional dishes are adopted and adapted from international dishes. The results shows that traditional dishes are used to articulate the Sami culture, and that traditions can be adapted to a modern outlook, and also adapted to fit a Sami cultural profile. Márkomeannu as a cultural arena contributes to revitalization of food by creating a platform for cultural expression which can lead to a stronger Sami identity and a feeling of safety in expressing culture.
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"Cross-adaptation": the effect cold habituation has on the physiological responses to acute hypoxia in humans.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295221
Source
University of Portsmouth. 246 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2010
fulfilment of its requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University of Portsmouth. Portsmouth December 2010 ABSTRACT I ABSTRACT Physiological adaptation to environmental stressors is often studied in isolation, but
  1 document  
Author
Lunt, Heather
Source
University of Portsmouth. 246 p.
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
2398449
Keywords
Acclimatization
Hypoxia
Physiology
Humans
Heart rate
Breathing
Exercise
Water immersion
Catecholamine
Abstract
Physiological adaptation to environmental stressors is often studied in isolation, but these stressors are frequently combined outside of laboratory settings, for example cold and hypoxia at altitude. There is also limited information about the effect that adaptation to one environment has on exposure to another. The five studies in this thesis were conducted in humans to assess the effect cold habituation has on the response to a simulated hypoxic exposure, and also to investigate a possible mechanism through which any change may occur.
A possible site for the =cross-adaptation‘ between cold habituation and hypoxia is the autonomic nervous system. Heart rate variability (HRV) is an non-invasive measurement technique which has been used to quantify autonomic activity. The two main frequency bands of interest when using HRV are referred to as the Low-Frequency (LF) band (the power found between 0.04 and 0.15 Hz) and the High-Frequency (HF) band (the power found between 0.15 and 0.4 Hz). Study One assessed the reliability of heart rate variability as a technique to indicate autonomic activity during both paced (breathing in time to a standard audible signal) and spontaneous breathing conditions, and at different cycling exercise intensities in a thermoneutral environment. It was hypothesised that within each condition HRV indices would be reliable between repeated recordings, which were separated by 96 hours. Eight participants performed each condition on the two occasions. Analysis of the data (coefficients of variation [CV] and intraclass correlation coefficients [ICC]) showed that the paced breathing condition was the most reliable condition, and time domain HRV indices were reliable, whilst not all frequency domain HRV indices were. Normalising and log transforming the raw data did improve reliability and log transformed total and high frequency (Ln HF) power and low:high frequency ratio (Ln LF:HF) met the a priori criteria (CV r=0.8). It was concluded that most log transformed HRV indices were reliable at rest, during paced breathing and during moderate intensity exercise. Thus, the hypothesis was accepted, but caution was advised as several of the indices were close to exceeding the reliability criteria (Ln total power, Ln HF and Ln LF:HF) and a second autonomic measurement technique may be considered to substantiate its use.
The previous study identified that Ln HF power increased when breathing frequency was reduced at rest. Study Two investigated the effect that alterations in breathing patterns had on HRV indices during rest and unloaded seated cycle ergometery (0 Watts) in 16 male participants. It was hypothesised that breathing which was externally paced would increase HF power compared to spontaneous breathing conditions. HF power was elevated during the paced breathing conditions in comparison to spontaneous breathing at rest and during unloaded exercise. Consequently, the hypothesis was accepted. Thus, ventilatory variables should be recorded in following studies as there may be links between ventilation and HRV indices.
The previous studies used participants‘ freely chosen cadence when cycling, this may have influenced the HRV. The third study tested the hypothesis that cycling cadence affected HRV indices. HRV indices from 16 male participants were analysed when cycling at 40, 60, 80 and 100 revs.min-1 on an unloaded (0 Watts) and loaded (100 Watts) seated cycle ergometer. HRV indices declined as cadence was increased. Thus, the hypothesis was accepted. If HRV indices were to be calculated during subsequent experiments, both cadence and power output would have to be standardised.
The first three studies provided information on the conditions which must be present to produce reliable HRV data during moderate intensity exercise. These studies also indicated that an additional means of measuring autonomic activity should be included.
Study Four was designed to establish if one hypoxic exposure would influence a second exposure, if there was no effect the model could be adopted for the final experiment. This study also examined the effect of hypoxia on HRV indices at rest and during exercise. It was hypothesised that exercise and hypoxia would exert separate and additive effects on HRV indices and catecholamine concentrations. Twelve male participants rested and exercised on a loaded cycle ergometer (100 Watts) in normoxic (faction of inspired Oxygen, FIo2 0.2093) and hypoxic conditions (FIo2 0.15) on two occasions, separated by 96 hours. HRV and catecholamine concentrations were similar between the normoxic and hypoxic resting conditions. During exercise in normoxia catecholamine concentrations increased and Ln HF power was reduced, further increases in catecholamine concentrations and a reduction in Ln HF power were found during exercise in hypoxic conditions. The hypothesis was rejected for resting conditions, and accepted for the exercise conditions. It was also found that the first hypoxic exposure did not influence the HRV indices and catecholamine concentrations of the second hypoxic exposure and this model could therefore be used for the final experiment.
The final study (Study Five) tested for the presence of a 'cross-adaptation‘ response in cold habituated humans to hypoxic exposures during rest and moderate intensity exercise. This study was designed on the basis of the information obtained from the previous four experiments and tested the hypothesis that cold habituation by repeated cold-water immersions would reduce the sympathetic activity and cardio-respiratory responses during loaded cycling (100 W) in hypoxic conditions (FIo2 0.12). Thirty-two male participants underwent six, five minute immersions in either cold (12 °C) or thermoneutral (35 °C) water over a three day period. The normoxic and hypoxic exposures were performed before and after the water immersions. It was established that cold habituation attenuated the sympathetic response to loaded exercise during an acute hypoxic exposure and reduced the number and severity of acute mountain sickness (AMS) symptoms. The study provides the first evidence of a cross-adaptation between cold habituation and hypoxic exposure in humans. This was not found in participants who performed thermoneutral water immersions. Therefore, the hypothesis was accepted. In conclusion, in four of four participants whose catecholamine concentrations were analysed and eight from 16 volunteers whose HRV was analysed, showed that cold habituation reduces the sympathetic response to an acute hypoxic stimulus during loaded cycling. However, it is not known if this cross-adaptation provides an adaptive or maladaptive response to prolonged exposure to hypoxia or altitude. ABSTRACT IV Additionally, the permanence of the cross-adaptation also requires further investigation.
Notes
A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of its requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University of Portsmouth.
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Death and prices: the political economy of Russia's alcohol crisis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296385
Source
University of California, Los Angeles.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
August 2009
percent of the 13 Feshbach (1999) argued that: “Environmental issues lurk behind much of the public-health problem.” 14 Data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey suggest the prevalence of smoking among men rose from 57 percent in 1992 to
  1 document  
Author
Treisman, Daniel
Author Affiliation
University of California, Los Angeles. Department of Political Science
Source
University of California, Los Angeles.
Date
August 2009
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
216782
Keywords
Alcohol
Mortality
Price regulation
Abstract
Most experts agree that alcohol abuse has been a major cause of Russia’s soaring mortality rate. But why have ever more Russians been drinking themselves to death? Some attribute this to despair in the face of painful economic change. I present evidence that, in fact, the surge in alcohol-related deaths—and premature deaths in general— was fueled by a dramatic fall in the real price of vodka, which dropped 77 percent between December 1990 and December 1994. Variation in vodka prices—both over time and across Russia’s regions—closely matches variation in mortality. Although market competition and weak excise collection help explain the fall in prices, the main reason appears to be populist price regulation during inflationary periods.
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Suicides in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296388
Source
The Arctic University of Norway. Faculty of Health Sciences, The Department of Community Medicine. 90 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
September 2016
was suppressed by the invasion of state and private mining companies, and the balance of ethnicity and nature was broken. The environmental changes, along with an undeveloped infrastructure, affected lifestyle, livelihood, culture, and physical and mental health and well-being [89]. In the 1990s
  1 document  
Author
Sumarokov, Yury A.
Source
The Arctic University of Norway. Faculty of Health Sciences, The Department of Community Medicine. 90 p.
Date
September 2016
Language
English
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
3070579
Keywords
Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO)
Arkhangelsk Oblast (AO)
Suicide rates
Relative risks
Person-years
Indigenous Nenets
Suicide methods
Seasonality
Alcohol
Abstract
This is a study of suicides in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO), a region with a large proportion of indigenous Nenets. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the problem of suicide in the indigenous and non-indigenous populations of the Russian Arctic. Our study aim was to assess suicide rates in the indigenous and non-indigenous populations of the NAO, as well as the socio-demographic characteristics, differences in suicide methods, seasonal variations, and the potential role of alcohol in suicides in these two populations.
We conducted a retrospective, population-based mortality study of suicides in the NAO, using data from the autopsy reports of suicide victims in the region in 2002-2012. Sociodemographic data were obtained from passports and medical records, and then linked to total population data from the 2002 and 2010 censuses. Suicide rates for indigenous Nenets and the non-indigenous population were calculated according to different socio-demographic characteristics, and corresponding relative risks for these two populations were compared. Variations in suicide methods, seasonal variations, and variations in the day of the week suicides occurred in the NAO were compared with national data from the Russian Federal Statistics Service (Rosstat). Data on the presence of alcohol in the blood and blood alcohol content in suicide cases from the NAO were compared with data from the neighboring Arkhangelsk Oblast.
Suicide rates in the NAO were higher than corresponding national figures. Suicide rates were higher among the indigenous Nenets than the non-indigenous population, and were associated with different socio-demographic characteristics. We showed different relative frequencies of suicide by hanging, cutting, and firearm, as well as differences in suicide occurrence by month and day of the week in the NAO when compared with Russia as a whole.
The study results and conclusions may be useful to create suicide prevention programs that are targeted to different population groups in the Russian Arctic.
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Health and Wellbeing in the Arctic: The Critical Issues of Food Insecurity and Suicide Among Indigenous people.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296454
Source
Social Humanities and Social Sciences University of Akureyri, Iceland
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
August 2018
discuss the mental health of Arctic indigenous people, with particular emphasis on high prevalence of suicide and how it is derived from past and present trauma and maintained by social, economic and environmental factors and conditions. Keywords: The Arctic, indigenous people, health and well
  1 document  
Author
Smáradóttir, Sveinbjörg
Author Affiliation
Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Sciences
Source
Social Humanities and Social Sciences University of Akureyri, Iceland
Date
August 2018
Language
Icelandic
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
451032
Keywords
Arctic
Indigenous peoples
Health and welfare
Food insecurity
Spiritual health
Suicide
Abstract
Frumbyggjar Norðurslóða eru almennt við verri heilsu en aðrir íbúar svæðisins. Síðan afkomendur Evrópubúa hófu að leggja undir sig heimalönd frumbyggjanna, og fram á síðari hluta 20. aldar, gengu þeir í gegnum átakamiklar félagslegar- og efnahagslegar umbyltingar, voru neyddir til að yfirgefa heimalönd sín, samlagast og „nútímavæðast“ vestrænni menningu með alvarlegum afleiðingum fyrir heilsu þeirra og velferð. Í þessari ritgerð er fjallað um tvo mikilvæga þætti er varða heilsu og velferð frumbyggja á Norðurslóðum. Annarsvegar er það fæðu-óöryggi, orsakir og afleiðingar, og sambandið milli hefðbundinnar fæðu og leiða til fæðuöflunar og „vestræns“ mataræðis. Hinsvegar er fjallað andlega heilsu frumbyggjanna, með sérstaka áherslu á sjálfsvíg, orsakir og afleiðingar, hvernig þau tengjast atburðum og áföllum fortíðar og er viðhaldið af áskorunum sem frumbyggjarnir standa frammi fyrir í dag.
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The health condition in the Sami population of Sweden, 1961-2002: Causes of death and incidences of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296241
Source
Umeå University Medical Dissertations New Series no 962. Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden. 71 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2005
Umeå University Medical Dissertations New Series no 962 – ISSN 0346-6612 – ISBN 91-7305-869-6 From Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, SE-901 85 Umeå, Sweden The health condition in the Sami population of Sweden
  1 document  
Author
Hassler, Sven
Source
Umeå University Medical Dissertations New Series no 962. Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden. 71 p.
Date
2005
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
468671
Keywords
Sami
Health
Epidemiology
Reindeer herder
Cardiovascular diseases
Cancer
Causes of death
Acculturation
Sweden
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Mental health problems among the Swedish reindeer-herding Sami population in perspective of intersectionality, organisational culture and acculturation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296243
Source
Umeå University Medical Dissertations, New Series No 1430. Department of Clinical Sciences Division of Psychiatry, Umeå University. 67 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2011
Umeå University Medical Dissertations, New Series No 1430 Mental health problems among the Swedish reindeer-herding Sami population in perspective of intersectionality, organisational culture and acculturation Niclas Kaiser Department of Clinical Sciences Division of Psychiatry
  1 document  
Author
Kaiser, Niclas.
Source
Umeå University Medical Dissertations, New Series No 1430. Department of Clinical Sciences Division of Psychiatry, Umeå University. 67 p.
Date
2011
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
1189888
Keywords
Sami
Mental health
Sweden
Suicide
Prevention
Alcohol abuse
Depression
Anxiety
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The health of the Finnish Sami in light of mortality and cancer pattern.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296244
Source
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Medicine Department of Public Health. 197 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2015
Epidemiological Cancer Research Finland Helena Mussalo-Rauhamaa Ph D, MD, Adjunct professor Department of Public Health University of Helsinki Finland Reviewers: Simo Näyhä Professor emeritus Adjunct Professor in Public Health University of Oulu Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health
  1 document  
Author
Soininen, Leena.
Source
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Medicine Department of Public Health. 197 p.
Date
2015
Language
English
Geographic Location
Finland
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
2190774
Keywords
Sami
Ethnicity
Cancer
Mortality
Accidents
Abstract
Objectives. The Sami are regarded as indigenous people of Scandinavia and northwest Russia. Their traditional dwelling zone consists of the most northern parts of those countries. The Sami consist of rather small groups that have been living in isolation for a long time in harsh circumstances. Because there was not much data about the health and diseases of these Finnish ethnic minorities, the health of the Sami is the object of this dissertation, approached in terms of cause specific mortality, cancer incidence and the cancer patient survival.
Material and methods. All persons living in the two northern municipalities of Finland (Inari and Utsjoki) on 31st December 1978 were identified from the National Population Register. The Sami cohort was extracted from that by using the grouping of Sami of the International Biological Program, Human Health Adaptability-study. Dates of death and emigration of the cohort members were obtained from the Population Register. Follow-up for cancer through the files of the population-based countrywide Finnish Cancer Registry was done using the personal identification code as the key. The first period of the follow-up for mortality and cancer started on 1st January 1979 and ended at death or on 31st December 2005 (Study I, mortality), on 31st December 1998 (Study II, cancer), and on 31th December 2009 (Study IV, survival of cancer patients). The second period started on 1st January 2006 and ended 31st December 2010 (Study I) and Study II started on 1st January 1999, and ended on 31st December 2010. In Study III, a comparison of several cancer studies from Finland, Sweden and Norway from different time periods between the years 1961–2006 was made. A person representing at least 75 per cent of any ethnic group of Sami was classified as Sami. A non-Sami is a person without any Sami ethnicity, and the remaining persons were classified into the mixed group. The Sami group was divided into subcategories of North Sami, Inari Sami and Skolt Sami with the same principle: to be classified in a specific Sami subgroup, a person had to represent at least 75 per cent of this type of the three specific Sami ethnicity. In Study III, in Sweden and Norway the defining of Sami people for epidemiological studies has been different. In Sweden, all possible registers have been combined to find the Sami, and in Norway, the defining is concentrated to the Sami counties and the interview. In all countries, the Sami have mixed more or less with the main population, and therefore the Finnish cohort was recalculated for Study III. The Finnish cohort in that study has included all Sami with 1–100% of Saminess.
Notes
ISBN 978-951-51-1111-1 (pbk.)
ISBN 978-951-51-1118-2 (PDF)
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Radioactive reindeer: the effect of Chernobyl on the Saami People of Northern Europe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296249
Source
Western Oregon University. 34 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2003
Scandinavian countries had gotten a much higher amount of 10 fallout due to the weather patterns. Once scientist knew that these areas were much more contaminated, the London papers were able to release their findings. These London news papers tended to focus on the environmental and health effects
  1 document  
Author
Dooney, Leslie Erin
Source
Western Oregon University. 34 p.
Date
2003
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
143273
Keywords
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
Contamination
Saami
Reindeer
Radiation
Nuclear fallout
Strontium-90
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Source
Univerza v Ljunljana. Fakulteta za Druzbene Vede. 241 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2016
important in all Sapmi, it has become the language of economy, health, education and other spheres of life. The global warming is affecting the whole world, but the changes are the most visible in the Arctic. The ice is melting and the temperatures of the air and sea are rising. Melting ice has
  1 document  
Source
Univerza v Ljunljana. Fakulteta za Druzbene Vede. 241 p.
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
2025863
Keywords
Sami
Parliaments
Arctic
Governance
Arctic Council
Fishing
Reindeer herding
Land rights
Mining
Climate change
Abstract
This Master's Thesis discusses two phenomena: the Sami people and the Arctic. The Sami are indigenous populations of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Russian Federation. The Sami are a single people living in the four different countries, where they strive for their non-territorial autonomy. The main channels for their political influence are the Sami Parliaments on the respective nation states, while in Russia have very limited legal means for their political participation and influencing their position. The Arctic is the northernmost part of the World; it is the huge ocean mostly covered with ice, surrounded by land. It is the Sami peoples' homeland. The littoral states, the United States of America, Canada, the Russian Federation, Norway, and Greenland (Denmark) with Iceland, Sweden and Finland formed the Arctic Council have, the main intergovernmental and supranational organization in the Arctic, where major decisions are adopted. The Arctic is rich in natural resources and extractive industries are influencing both the peoples and environment of the Arctic. Global warming rapidly changes the face of the Arctic, while over-exploitation endangers the indigenous peoples and biodiversity.
The first part of the master thesis presents the Sami people, their history, political organization, legal regulation and protection of the Sami people, their everyday lives and the ongoing changes taking place in the Arctic. The second part presents the results of the survey among the Sami people. The survey tackled different set of personal views regarding topics discussed in the thesis.
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Canadian Inuit use of caribou and Swedish Sami use of reindeer in entrepreneurship.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297035
Source
University of Canterbury. 460 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2015
xiii xiv xv Glossary ACIA. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. ACL. Arctic Co-operatives Limited. The central service federation for 35 retail cooperatives across Arctic Canada. AEPS. Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy. AMAP. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment
  1 document  
Author
Mason, Aldene Helen Meis
Source
University of Canterbury. 460 p.
Date
2015
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
8230174
Keywords
Reindeer herding
Entrepreneurship
Economic development
Inuit
Sami
Subsistence hunting
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'Bushcraft' and 'Indigenous Knowledge' transformations of a concept in the modern world.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297019
Source
School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent. 320 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2016
and craft engagement with the material affordances in the landscape. It is argued that motivations for practice foreground a relationship with an environmental experience that counters ‘alienation’ through the development of techniques required to spend un-insulated time in nature which
  1 document  
Author
Fenton, Lisa
Source
School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent. 320 p.
Date
2016
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
29597515
Keywords
Saami Kuksa
Traditional knowledge
Bushcraft
Sami
Bow-drill
Trapping
Abstract
The relationship between ‘bushcraft’ and ‘indigenous knowledge’ is investigated through a historical review, an examination of ethnographic literature, fieldwork amongst bushcraft practitioners, and through original case studies. Fieldwork was carried out in Sweden, the USA, and the UK. Case studies of the Saami ‘kuksa’, the ‘figure 4’ deadfall trap, and making fire by friction are used to explore a number of themes in the contemporary bushcraft world: the role of skilled-practice, ethical values, notions of an individually experienced connection with nature, practice as a personal transformative experience, and as an intersubjective relationship between practitioner and craft engagement with the material affordances in the landscape. It is argued that motivations for practice foreground a relationship with an environmental experience that counters ‘alienation’ through the development of techniques required to spend un-insulated time in nature which counter modern Western technocratic lifestyles. Bushcraft destabilises apparently similar categories of activity, particularly tourism, outdoor adventure recreation and education, historical reenactment and survivalism.
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207Bushcraft-and-Indigenous-Knowledge--transformations-of-a-concept-in-the-m.pdf

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Riddu Riddu, joik or rock-n-roll? A study of Riddu Riddu Festivála and its role as a cultural tool for ethnic revialization [sic].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297029
Source
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tromsø, Norway.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
April 2008
  1 document  
Author
Leonenko, Anastassia Valerievna
Source
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tromsø, Norway.
Date
April 2008
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
1656646
Keywords
International Indigenous Riddu Riddu Festivála
Manndalen
Coastal Saami
Culture
Language
Lifestyle
Revitalisation
Abstract
The International Indigenous Riddu Riddu Festivála has taken place every year since 1991 in Manndalen, a Coastal Saami hamlet, in the municipality of Kåfjord in the county of Troms in the North of Norway. The festival represents by itself an independent event that through indigenous management and developed ethno-relations inside the country, promoting the idea of cultural awareness and sensitivity to all ethnic groups, however different they might be, and support them in terms of preservation of their culture, language, and lifestyle in our global and developed world.
This thesis is intended to show the ambiguity and complexity of the Coastal Saami identity in Manndalen, not only with relation to Norwegians, but also with reference to the situation among locals, between adults and youth, traditions and modernity. In other words, which relations between traditions and modernity does Riddu Riddu demonstrate? Therefore this thesis will try to find out the relation of manndalinger to the cultural invention and show their chosen way of the invasion of traditions and how far they accept distortions as authentic to their heritage during the process of cultural invention and which sign-substitutions can be defined in relation to Coastal Saami culture today. Moreover, the purpose of this thesis is to understand the process by which means invented portions of culture acquire authenticity. In other words, how the social reproduction of culture – the process whereby people learn, embody, and transmit the conventional behaviours of their society (Hanson 1989:898) – is happening in the Coastal Saami community today. Therefore the Riddu Riddu festival will be considered further as one of the examples of Coastal Saami cultural invention with the purpose of revitalization an ethnic identity.
Thus, the Riddu Riddu festival can be seen as a visible tool in Manndalen’s process of ethnic revitalisation. In this case, can the festival be considered as an example of an imagined community (Anderson 1983), created as a cultural arena for the Saami political debates and bringing Saami people, the young and the old generation, together? Further, the festival can be seen as an important tool in the process of Coastal Saami ethnic revitalisation with perspectives on northern indigenous and in general world community nowadays. What is the role of this imagined community for its participants? What challenges do manndalinger have in creating both a local and a global symbolic community?
This master thesis is tended to bring up questions for further discussions and become one of the colourful pieces in the mosaic of understanding the Riddu Riddu festival and its role in the revitalisation of Saami identity.
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Behavior of organic contaminants in permafrost-affected soils.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297120
Source
University of Hamburg, Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Natural Sciences. 194 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2015
steht, in der der Einfluss des klimatischen Wandels eine zusätzliche Variable darstellt. ABBREVIATIONS XI ABBREVIATIONS dpm decays per minute dw dry weight DOM dissolved organic matter EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency IUSS International Union of Soil
  1 document  
Author
Zschocke, Anne.
Source
University of Hamburg, Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Natural Sciences. 194 p.
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
7407547
Keywords
Permafrost
Contaminants
Soils
Freezing
Oil exploration
Arctic
Abstract
From Introduction: Organic contaminants entering soils pose a threat to soil functions and properties (Valentín et al., 2013; White & Claxton, 2004; Yaron et al., 2012). In freezing soils, especially permafrost-affected soils, the freezing process leads to changes in soil’s physical and chemical properties (Yershov, 1998). Soils represent a complex heterogeneous, multi-phase system, with a large interfacial area, which causes phenomena such as adsorption of water and chemicals, ion exchange and capillarity (Hillel, 2003). Therefore the interaction of freezing soils and organic contaminants is characterized by high complexity and a variety of processes, whose effects may accumulate or abate each other.
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Competitive binding of persistent organic pollutants to the thyroid hormone transport protein transthyretin in glaucous gull ( Larus hyperboreus ).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297153
Source
Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Department of Biology. ix, 63, 12 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2015
, precipitation, sea ice conditions) and combined with the effect of contaminations and anthropogenic stressors, organisms may be vulnerable to detrimental effects (Bustnes et al., 2008). Climate change might adverse this by increasing the amount of stress in wildlife when adapting to the environmental
  1 document  
Author
Mortensen, Åse-Karen
Source
Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Department of Biology. ix, 63, 12 p.
Date
2015
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
2569706
Keywords
Arctic
Glaucous gull
Persistent orgnic pollutants (POPS)
Metabolites
Thyroid
Svalbard
Abstract
The glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus) is one of the largest avian top predators in the Arctic. High levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and their metabolites have been detected in the glaucous gull, and several studies indicate that high levels of different POPs can contribute to detrimental effects. The mechanism behind these disruptions could be that chemicals interfere with the endocrine system. Thyroid hormones (THs) are important for thermogenesis, reproduction, growth and differentiation. They are transported in the circulation system of glaucous gull mainly bound to the transport proteins globulin, albumin and transthyretin (TTR). The aim of this study was to use molecular modeling to construct a homology model of the TTR in glaucous gull and to dock several well-known and new emerging POPs in the models to predict the binding affinity of POPs to the TH binding site in glaucous gull TTR...
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Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) Affect the Thyroid Hormone System, Body Condition, and Body Mass in Two Arctic Seabird Species.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297154
Source
Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Department of Biology. xii, 60 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2015
Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) Affect the Thyroid Hormone System, Body Condition, and Body Mass in Two Arctic Seabird Species Amalie Vigdel Ask Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Supervisor: Bjørn Munro Jenssen, IBI Co-supervisor: Geir Wing Gabrielsen, Norsk
  1 document  
Author
Ask, Amalie Vigdel
Source
Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Department of Biology. xii, 60 p.
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
1810790
Keywords
Arctic
Wildlife
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)
Thyroid
Kittiwakes
Arctic skuas
Abstract
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are being transported into the Arctic where they are frequently detected in wildlife. These compounds are suspected thyroid hormone (TH) disruptors due to their structural similarity to triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), in addition to their propensity to bind to proteins. Therefore, PFASs may affect THs by competitive binding to the thyroid binding proteins in the blood. The aim of the study was to investigate the concentrations of PFASs and THs, and examine effects of PFASs on THs, body condition, and body mass in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) and arctic skuas (Stercorarius parasiticus).
Blood was collected from breeding black-legged kittiwakes and arctic skuas. Black-legged kittiwakes (hereafter kittiwakes) were sampled in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard in 2013 and 2014. Arctic skuas were sampled on Brensholmen, Norway and in Kongsfjorden in 2014. The blood was analyzed for perfluorohexanoate (PFHxA), perfluoroheptanoate (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorononanoate (PFNA), perfluorodecanoate (PFDA), perfluoroundecanoate (PFUnDA), perfluorododecanoate (PFDoDA), perfluorotridecanoate (PFTrDA), perfluorotetradecanoate (PFTeDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate anion (PFHxS), branched and linear perfluorooctane sulfonate anion (brPFOS and linPFOS), perfluorodecane sulfonate anion (PFDS), and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA). The analyses were performed on plasma samples for the black-legged kittiwakes and on whole blood samples for the arctic skuas. PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFDS, and PFHxS were not detected in either bird species. Furthermore, total THs (TT3 and TT4) were quantified from plasma samples in both species. The resulting data was analyzed statistically to examine if there were associations between PFASs, THs, body condition (BC), and body mass.
The dominant PFASs in both kittiwakes and arctic skuas were linPFOS and PFUnDA. In both species, males generally had significantly higher concentrations of PFASs than the females. Furthermore, positive correlations between PFASs and THs were identified in both kittiwakes and arctic skuas. Male kittiwakes with high levels of PFDoDA, PFTrDA, and PFTeDA were in a better body condition than males with lower levels. Conversely, in female kittiwakes and male arctic skuas PFASs were negatively correlated to BC and body mass. The results indicate that PFASs affect the thyroid system, BC, and body mass in the two seabird species.
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Interactions between Pollutant Exposure and the Physiology in Adult Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) at Svalbard.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297156
Source
Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Department of Biology. xii, 53 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2015
movement has been scientifically addressing environmental issues regarding ecology and health. Due to increasing human activity and the introduction of new chemicals into the environment, these two issues are more important today than ever. Some of these chemicals degrade slowly in the environment
  1 document  
Author
Svendsen, Niels Borup
Source
Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Department of Biology. xii, 53 p.
Date
2015
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
1326344
Keywords
Svalbard
Black-legged kittiwakes
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
Polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs)
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs)
Phosphorous flame retardants (PFRs)
Abstract
The present study investigated the use of feathers as a useful non-destructive biomonitoring tool for novel organic pollutants in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), and evaluated the interaction of both novel and legacy pollutants on body condition and thyroid hormones. In July and August 2014, feather and blood samples were collected from 20 black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) at two colonies (Blomstrandhalvøya and Krykkjefjellet) in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Samples were analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and phosphorous flame retardants (PFRs).
All compound classes were detected and quantified in feathers ranging from
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