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1128 records – page 1 of 57.

[Scientific and methodological rationale for the pathomorphism of Lamblia infection in children during chemical contamination of the biosphere].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134283
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):67-72
Publication Type
Article
Author
N V Zaitseva
O Iu Ustinova
A I Aminova
A A Akatova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):67-72
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Chemical Industry
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Illness - chemically induced - complications - epidemiology
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Giardia - pathogenicity
Giardiasis - complications - epidemiology - microbiology
Humans
Incidence
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The paper analyzes the clinical and laboratory features of Lamblia infection in children living under long-term low-dose chemical load. The scientific search methodology comprised the meticulous examination of the patients randomized by the presence or absence of protozoonosis and the statistical processing and expert analysis of the results. The comprehensive approach could define the main signs of the pathomorphism of lambliosis in the areas with high anthropogenic loads and identify immunological disorders, intoxication, and hepatobiliary dysfunctions. The impact of environmentally induced chemical contamination of the biosphere on the natural history of protozoonosis should be borne in mind when evaluating the biological hazard and risk of environmental biological factors on the population health and when scheduling and implementing hygienic and sanitary-and-epidemiological measures to prevent lambliosis in the high anthropogenic load areas.
PubMed ID
21604395 View in PubMed
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[The immunometabolic status in persons exposed to technogenous factors of industrial production].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134284
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):19-22
Publication Type
Article
Author
O A Kolenchukova
A A Savchenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):19-22
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental health
Humans
Immunity, Cellular
Industry
Middle Aged
Risk factors
Russia
Young Adult
Abstract
The immune system and lymphocyte activity of HADP-dependent dehydrogenases were studied in the patients living in the high incidence areas of Krasnoyarsk. The enhanced activity of cellular immunity was found to show up in the presence of considerable impaired lymphocyte metabolic processes, the change of the rate of which depended on the type of environmental pollution.
PubMed ID
21604393 View in PubMed
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[Organizing the supervision over the turnover of nanomaterials presenting a potential hazard to human health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134285
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):4-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
G G Onishchenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):4-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Nanostructures - adverse effects - analysis
Nanotechnology - standards
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
Nanoindustry encompasses very different branches of industry today. It should be noted that these are precisely the investigators who deal with researches and developments of nanomaterials will be to the largest measure exposed and hence the likelihood of the potential harm to their health is greatest. To elaborate the special regulations and programs, normative documents and guidelines designed to afford safety and health protection of the employees at work, which should consider the specific characteristics of nanotechnologies. Since 2007, work has proceeded on the safety evaluation of nanoparticles and nanomaterials. Nanotechnology as a key priority in the foreseeable future poses a number of problems facing hygiene science to develop hygienic safety criteria for the production, usage, utilization and storage of various nanomaterials and to elaborate procedures for determination of nanoparticles in different media. Russia will be able to rapidly progress in solving the safety problems in emerging nanoindustry and to minimize human health and environmental risks associated with the manufacture and use of nanoproducts.
PubMed ID
21604392 View in PubMed
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[Human health risk from the chemical composition of drinking water].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134328
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):23-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
V V Turbinskii
A I Masliuk
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Mar-Apr;(2):23-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Environmental health
Humans
Hygiene
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia
Water - analysis
Water Pollutants, Chemical - adverse effects - chemistry
Water Supply - analysis
Young Adult
Abstract
The maintenance and development of the centralized household underground water supply system in the closed administrative-territorial entity Seversk, Tomsk Region, when the aquifers are inadequately protected and there is a hydrological association of individual aquifers with polluted surface waters require a hygienic estimation based on the use of a risk methodology, including that considering the regional feature of sanitary situation establishment. No risk realization has been ascertained for damage to critical organs and systems in pediatric and adult populations under the population influence of the chemical substances available in drinking water.
PubMed ID
21598639 View in PubMed
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[On the measures for environmental and health safety in the development and implementation of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134791
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
G G Onishchenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Nanostructures - adverse effects - analysis
Nanotechnology
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
Nanotechnologies find wide application in industry and medicine. The Russian market of nanotechnologies is at the very beginning of development. Rospotrebnadzor has amassed a wealth of experience in the creation of efficacious systems for estimation and sanitary-epidemiological control of the safety of goods and foodstuffs. The assessment of the safety of nanoparticles and nanomaterials has been carried out since 2007. In 2008-2009, a survey was initiated with a view to developing safety criteria for nanoproducts, nanomaterials, and nanotechnologies. In 2010, research institutions of Rospotrebnadzor were engaged in investigations aimed to develop relevant regulatory and procedural documentation. Studies are underway to work out new highly sensitive methods for the detection, identification and qualitative determination of nanomaterials in the environment, food-staffs, and biological media.
PubMed ID
21542372 View in PubMed
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[Substantiating the blood concentrations of phenol and alkylphenols (o-, m-, and p-cresols) providing the acceptable risk to human health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135099
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jan-Feb;(1):88-91
Publication Type
Article
Author
N V Zaitseva
T S Ulanova
T V Nurislamova
N A Popova
V M Mitrofanova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jan-Feb;(1):88-91
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - blood - toxicity - urine
Cities
Cresols - blood - toxicity - urine
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis - standards
Environmental Monitoring - methods - statistics & numerical data
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Industry
Models, Theoretical
Phenol - blood - toxicity - urine
Risk assessment
Siberia
Abstract
The paper considers the current nontraditional approaches to revealing the causal effects and criteria for significance of an exposure-response relationship. The study has used the elements of methodology for assessing the risk and the techniques of environmental epidemiology to examine causal effects. A blood toxicant-response marker relationship was assessed and the quantitative characteristics of the association between the concentrations of the test compounds and the risk of noxious effects were ascertained. On the basis of exposure marker-response marker models, the authors revealed the priority types of functional changes and established the blood concentrations of phenol and m- and n-cresols at an acceptable risk level.
PubMed ID
21510056 View in PubMed
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[Drinking water quality indices in the Orenburg Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135102
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jan-Feb;(1):70-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
N A Golubkina
T I Burtseva
A Iu Gatsenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jan-Feb;(1):70-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Fresh Water - analysis
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Russia
Selenium - analysis - blood
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Water Supply - analysis - standards
Abstract
The quality of underground waters from 22 areas of the Orenburg Region was studied from the values of mineralization and pH and the amounts of the ions of Se, Cl, Pb, Cd, F, and phenols. High fluorine ion concentrations (5-12 mg/l), high mineralization (> 1 g/l), and alkalinity (pH > 8.0) were shown to be human risk factors in a considerable number of areas. Districts with cadmium, lead, and phenol ion-polluted underground waters were identified. The amount of selenium in the drinking water (18-319 ng/l) and in the sera of donors in Orenburg, Buzuluk, and Orsk (86-97 microg/l) fails to support the data available in the literature on environmental selenium pollution and is comparable with the relevant data for the Moscow Region.
PubMed ID
21510052 View in PubMed
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[Total and allergic morbidity trends in the population residing in the area of microbiological industry].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135106
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jan-Feb;(1):22-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
I G Abdulnagimov
G G Maksimov
Iu G Aznabaeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jan-Feb;(1):22-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis - toxicity
Bashkiria - epidemiology
Environmental monitoring
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Industrial Microbiology - standards
Morbidity - trends
Abstract
Due to exposure to emissions from a protein-vitamin concentrate-manufacturing enterprise, the total and allergic morbidity rates remained high in the Blagoveshchensk population during a follow-up, the incidence of asthma and atopic dermatitis being on the rise and that of pollen disease on the decrease. The findings show the need for a further follow-up of the health status of the population of this area, the living conditions in which are risk factors for allergic and toxic allergic diseases even after microbiological industry closure.
PubMed ID
21510043 View in PubMed
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[Hygienic assessment of the radiation risk of radon emanation in the Altai Krai].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104081
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Mar-Apr;(2):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
I P Saldan
B A Balandovich
N Yu Potseluev
M Kh Flat
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Mar-Apr;(2):44-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Environmental Exposure - analysis
Female
Humans
Infant
Life expectancy
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Radiation Injuries - epidemiology
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Radon - toxicity
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Smoking - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
The unique climatic and geographical location of the Altai Krai determines the specific radiation dose load for the population, which is composed of the complex of radiological indices, the structure of which is largely dependent on the type of locality and, to a greater extent due to the action of radon, which is currently the main source of internal radiation of the population of upland districts and adjacent territories. There was performed a hygienic assessment of the radiation risk and the expected decline in life expectancy and population health due to radon exposure in the model areas of the Altai Krai. To calculate the additional risk there were used some models for radiation risk extrapolation: a risk constant model, model GSF (Jacobi's model), Lubin model (TSE/AGE/WL) and BEIR VI model for smoking and nonsmoking population, as well as the combined model. The lowest values of the radiation risk and the expected decline in life expectancy are typical for Charyshsko-Ust-Kalmanskaya zone, the maximum--for Kuryinsko--Pospelikhinskaya zone.
PubMed ID
25051739 View in PubMed
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[Results of health risk assessment due to exposure to contaminants in drinking water in Russia population (review of literature)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104477
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jan-Feb;(1):19-24
Publication Type
Article
Author
T N Unguryanu
S M Novikov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jan-Feb;(1):19-24
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Carcinogens - toxicity
Drinking Water - adverse effects - standards
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Public Health
Risk assessment
Russia
Water Pollutants, Chemical - chemistry - toxicity
Water Supply - standards
Abstract
With the purpose of the analysis of general trends in the development of risk assessment methodology in Russia the results obtained with the her help, as well as existing methodological problems, there was performed a review of 68 published works concerning the assessment of the health risk for population under the exposure to chemicals in drinking water carried out in 42 cities and regions of the country. There was made the grouping of Russian cities on individual carcinogenic risk level and ranking on the values for the population carcinogenic risk. A list of prioritized carcinogens in tap water has been made. By the values of the risk indices to adverse effects of chemicals tap water there are exposed central nervous system, kidneys, liver, skin and mucous membranes, blood, bone, immune system, hormone homeostasis, blood circulation and digestion organs. There are identified methodological problems leading to an underestimation of the actual risk to public health under exposure of chemicals in drinking water: there are no used regional and age differences in exposure factors, virtually there is no assessed health risk for children population; there is ignored age sensitivity to carcinogens, there is rarely estimated exposure for all the real exposing routes of income and there are no carried out risk calculations at the upper limit (90- 95th percentile) of the exposure.
PubMed ID
24749275 View in PubMed
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[Electronic deficit as a possible health risk factor].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104478
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jan-Feb;(1):5-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
Y A Rakhmanin
A A Stekhin
G V Yakovleva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jan-Feb;(1):5-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Electromagnetic fields
Electronics
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental health
Humans
Risk factors
Russia
Abstract
There is presented the analysis of medical-demographic situation in Russia, and the increase in population mortality is shown both to be associated with the degradation of the geosphere and alongside with other factors determined by the change in the electronic state of the environment. On the base of the interrelationship between the electronic saturation of the environment and an increase in population mortality and morbidity there is established a such risk factor for human health and life, which may currently become one out of significant, videlicet, the electronic deficit. In conditions of its appearance there are proposed options solving this problem by means of elaboration of the scientific rationale for the impact of the electronic deficit on the human organism and the creation of technologies providing environmental--medical safety of the population by virtue of the correction of the electronic state of the human habitat, food and drinking water and the implementation of the system for monitoring electronic abundance of the environment.
PubMed ID
24749272 View in PubMed
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[The impact of anthropogenic factors of environment on morbidity of diabetes mellitus].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104682
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):21-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
O V Sazonova
M A Sadovoiy
Ye M Trofimovitch
Ye A Fintchenko
L S Shalygina
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):21-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution - adverse effects
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Registries
Siberia - epidemiology
Abstract
The diabetes mellitus is a real threat to population health in all countries. In international practice studying and successful solutions of problems conditioned by this disease are related to development of registries. The Novosibirsk municipal registry of diabetes mellitus is an integral part of the Public registry. The data of municipal registry and analysis of conditions of environment were used to detect characteristics of morbidity of diabetes mellitus in population residing in the territories with different level of anthropogenic pollution by aero-pollutants. The technique of mapping was applied to develop thematic clinical hygienic map. The technique of the thematic clinical hygienic mapping broaden functional possibilities and sphere of application of territorial registry of diabetes mellitus. This technique opens new possibilities and perspectives in development of complex programs of prevention in the territories with anthropogenic pollution.
PubMed ID
24649608 View in PubMed
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[The resolution of the Plenum of the Research Council on Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene of the Russian Federation "Updated issues of human health and the environment and ways of solving them"].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104739
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):102-4
Publication Type
Article

[Modern problems of the application of sanitary regulations concerning sanitary protection zones and sanitary classification of enterprises, buildings and other facilities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104741
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):93-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
A Iu Lomtev
G B Eremin
N A Mozzhukhina
M Iu Kombarova
A V Mel'tser
É Iu Giul'mamedov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):93-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Building Codes - methods - standards
Construction Industry - standards
Environmental Health - legislation & jurisprudence - standards
Environmental Monitoring - legislation & jurisprudence - methods
Government Regulation
Humans
Public Sector - standards
Russia
Sanitary Engineering
Sanitation - methods - standards
Abstract
In this paper there was performed an analysis of the application of sanitary norms and rules concerning sanitary protective zones and sanitary classification of enterprises, buildings and other facilities, including requirements for the sufficiency and accuracy of information in the performance of projects in sanitary protection zone (SPZ). There is presented an analysis of regulations that set requirements for implementation of mapping works in drafting the SPZ. The design of the SPZ was shown to be, on the one hand, the element of territorial planning subjects of the Russian Federation, on the other hand, the object of capital construction. The substantiations of requirements for graphic and text content, structure, and composition of data, sources of their obtaining, methods of data convergence are reported. There are revealed inconsistencies in Sanitary Regulations and Norms (SanPins) and in their relationship with the Town Planning and Land Code and other laws, and regulations adopted in their development.
PubMed ID
24624833 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the impact of socio-economic factors on the health state of the population of the Sverdlovsk region in the system of social-hygienic monitoring].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104743
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):87-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
T M Derstuganova
B T VelichkovskiI
A N Varaksin
V B Gurvich
O L Malykh
N I Kochneva
S V Iarushin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):87-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cause of Death
Demography
Economics, Medical - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiological Monitoring
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Russia - epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
There was investigated the impact of socioeconomic factors on medical and demographic processes in working age population. For the assessment of the impact of living conditions and environmental factors on mortality rate in a population of the Sverdlovsk region factor-typological, correlation and regression analyzes were applied There was shown an availability of statistically significant correlation relationships between mortality of the population of working age and socio-economic characteristics (degree of home improvement, quality of medical care, the level of social tension, the level of the demographic load), as well as between their increments with taking into account the time shifts. The effect of the value of the purchasing power on the mortality rate of the working population has been established The purchasing power was shown to be connected with a mortality rate of working population from external causes more stronger than death from all causes.
PubMed ID
24624831 View in PubMed
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[Heatwaves and population die off in the Voronezh city].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104744
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):85-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
I I Mekhant'ev
N M Pichuzhkina
L A Masailova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):85-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cause of Death
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Fires
Heat Stress Disorders - etiology - mortality
Hot Temperature - adverse effects
Humans
Mortality
Public Health - methods - statistics & numerical data
Regression Analysis
Russia - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
Climatic factor is most important condition for the formation of public health. Attention to it has increased recently against the background of global and regional climate change. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of air temperature on population die off in the Voronezh city in the period of fire-related emergencies. Assessment of cause-and-effect relationships between the air temperature and daily death cases s was performed with the help of the method of time series. Correlation analysis showed a statistically significant positive relationship between air temperature and population die off from all causes and from diseases of the circulatory system with a lag of 0, 1, 2, 3 days; respiratory diseases - with a lag of 3 days. With the gain in air temperature by one degree the number of deaths increases by 3%. The results were used in adopt management decisions on minimization risks and potential negative effects on human health.
PubMed ID
24624830 View in PubMed
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[Medical and environmental aspects of the drinking water supply crisis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104749
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):38-44
Publication Type
Article
Author
L I Él'piner
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Nov-Dec;(6):38-44
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Drinking Water - adverse effects - analysis - standards
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
Environmental Health - methods - organization & administration
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Environmental monitoring
Humans
Interdisciplinary Communication
Russia - epidemiology
Water Pollution - prevention & control
Water Quality - standards
Water Supply - standards
Abstract
Modern data determining drinking water supply crisis in Russia have been considered. The probability of influence of drinking water quality used by population on current negative demographic indices was shown. The necessity of taking into account interests of public health care in the process of formation of water management decisions was grounded. To achieve this goal the application of medical ecological interdisciplinary approach was proposed Its use is mostly effective in construction of goal-directed medical ecological sections for territorial schemes of the rational use and protection of water resources. Stages of the elaboration of these sections, providing the basing of evaluation and prognostic medical and environmental constructions on similar engineering studies of related disciplinary areas (hydrological, hydrogeological, hydrobiological, hydrochemical, environmental, socio-economic, technical and technological) were determined.
PubMed ID
24624819 View in PubMed
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[Kolsky register of births as an instrument of epidemiologic studies of female reproductive health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170601
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2006;(1):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
A. Vaktstold
L V Talykova
V P Chashchin
E. Nieboer
A M Zotov
A N Nikanov
N P Romanova
Iu Io Udland
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2006;(1):9-13
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Birth rate
Catchment Area (Health)
Epidemiologic Studies
Female
Humans
Registries
Reproductive Medicine
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The authors evaluate possible use of Monchegorsk retrospective birth database for demographic and epidemiologic studies of various female reproductive health parameters, newborn health parameters, as well as their connections with occupational and other environmental factors.
PubMed ID
16491854 View in PubMed
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1128 records – page 1 of 57.