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1128 records – page 1 of 57.

[The anthropometric indices of newborn infants in the Kryvyy Rih industrial region]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58769
Source
Lik Sprava. 1999 Jul;(5):29-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1999
Author
V F Bogoiavlenskaia
O I Gural'
E G Bichevaia
A V Stashenko
Source
Lik Sprava. 1999 Jul;(5):29-32
Date
Jul-1999
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropometry
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Industry
Infant, Newborn
Male
Parity - drug effects
Pregnancy
Ukraine
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
A study was made of anthropometric measures (body mass, length of the body, circumference of the head, circumference of the chest) in infants borne to women in separate primi-, secundi-, or multipara events in those areas of the Krivoy Rog industrial region arbitrarily taken as relatively pure (unpolluted) and those affected by radioactive contamination, with ages of the child-bearing women being 18-25, 26-30, and greater than 30 years old. Newborn babies from the contaminated district of the city were found to have higher anthropometric values. There was a persistent augmentation of the circumference of the chest in newborns from the contaminated district, which fact suggests development of adaptive processes in the fetus during the intrauterine development under conditions of contaminated atmosphere of the industrial region.
PubMed ID
10822670 View in PubMed
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Indicators of trace-element status of children living in rural areas.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122565
Source
Bull Exp Biol Med. 2011 Nov;152(1):12-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2011
Author
F G Sitdikov
N V Svyatova
E S Egerev
Author Affiliation
Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Health of the Tatar State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Kazan, Russia.
Source
Bull Exp Biol Med. 2011 Nov;152(1):12-4
Date
Nov-2011
Language
English
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Environmental Exposure
Female
Hair - chemistry
Humans
Rural Population
Russia
Soil Pollutants - chemistry - metabolism
Trace Elements - chemistry - metabolism
Water Pollutants - chemistry - metabolism
Abstract
The content of essential and toxic elements, except beryllium and mercury, in the hair of examined children (girls aged 7-9 years) is within the biologically acceptable levels set by WHO. The data on the content of essential trace elements suggest that urgent measures aimed at normalization of the elemental status of children are required.
PubMed ID
22803027 View in PubMed
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[Population health in some of the Northern regions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58237
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 2004 May-Jun;(3):3-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
E A Tishuk
V O Shchepin
N P Druzhinin
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 2004 May-Jun;(3):3-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Birth rate
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Environmental pollution
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Life expectancy
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity - trends
Mortality - trends
Population Dynamics
Public Health
Russia
Siberia
Socioeconomic Factors
Suicide - trends
Transients and Migrants
Abstract
The conditions and dynamic changes of the most important indices related with population health in a number of Northern regions of the Russian Federation are under discussion. A conclusion is made that they are predetermined by migration processes, latitude effects and peculiarities of production activity.
PubMed ID
15455520 View in PubMed
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[On the measures for environmental and health safety in the development and implementation of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134791
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
G G Onishchenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(3):28-31
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Nanostructures - adverse effects - analysis
Nanotechnology
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
Nanotechnologies find wide application in industry and medicine. The Russian market of nanotechnologies is at the very beginning of development. Rospotrebnadzor has amassed a wealth of experience in the creation of efficacious systems for estimation and sanitary-epidemiological control of the safety of goods and foodstuffs. The assessment of the safety of nanoparticles and nanomaterials has been carried out since 2007. In 2008-2009, a survey was initiated with a view to developing safety criteria for nanoproducts, nanomaterials, and nanotechnologies. In 2010, research institutions of Rospotrebnadzor were engaged in investigations aimed to develop relevant regulatory and procedural documentation. Studies are underway to work out new highly sensitive methods for the detection, identification and qualitative determination of nanomaterials in the environment, food-staffs, and biological media.
PubMed ID
21542372 View in PubMed
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[Dynamic morbidity of children as a evaluation criterion for renovation of aluminum manufacturing industries].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180406
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2004;(3):46
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
V B Gurvich
E G Plotko
K P Seliankina
V G Nadeenko
V V Ryzhov
S P Saichenko
V V Veprintsev
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2004;(3):46
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aluminum
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology
Health status
Humans
Industry
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Negative pollution effects from atmospheric discharges by aluminium facilities exerted on population health can be traced by the parameters of the reproductive function in women, physical development of newborns, general and differential morbidity of children aged below one year as well as by anthropometric signs in birth, morbidity of children and adults, mortality, including due to oncology. The introduction of modern technologies including the preliminarily fire anode treatment and the use of highly effective methods of purification of industrial wastes cut the concentration (in atmospheric air) of anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and of solid fluorides as well as of aluminium to maximum permissible concentration; it also essentially reduced the content of benzapilene. A better atmospheric air observed yet in the course of renovation contributed to a lower morbidity of children, aged below one year, as well as to the prevalence of diseases affecting the eyes, respiratory and digestive organs, skin and subcutaneous cellular tissue; it also cuts the number of congenital anomalies versus the data obtained in a neighboring district.
PubMed ID
15108377 View in PubMed
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[Cholesterol exchange in children and adolescents in the industrial towns of eastern Siberia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101804
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):20-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Budarina
I V Kudaeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):20-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Child
Child, Preschool
Cholesterol - blood
Cities - epidemiology
Environmental health
Female
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - blood - epidemiology
Industry
Male
Retrospective Studies
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine lipid metabolic parameters in 5-14-year-old children. A directional trend was established in lipid parameters (a reduction in the level of total cholesterol and a change in its fractional composition: higher levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with a parallel decrease in the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), which is due to age-related features. There was a change in the spread of deviations in cholesterol exchange parameters from the standard values with age.
PubMed ID
21384577 View in PubMed
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[Use of a biotesting method to determine the toxicity of medical waste].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101806
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):83-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
L P Ignat'eva
M O Potapova
N V Korytchenkova
M N Saksonov
A E Balaian
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):83-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental pollution - prevention & control
Hazardous Waste - analysis
Humans
Medical Waste - analysis
Public Health
Refuse Disposal - standards
Siberia
Abstract
Classes B and C medical waste is of particular concern since it is an epidemiological and toxicological hazard. Predisinfection of Class B medical waste with the chemicals that have different toxicity levels, as well as further burial in the urban landfill were a reason for defining its hazard classes by biotesting in order to establish the possibility of additional environmental pollution. Class B (epidemiologically hazardous) medical waste was ascertained to be little dangerous and indangerous to the environment. The findings show it necessary to develop an integral waste hazard index that would reflect the whole spectrum of its negative impact on the environment and human health.
PubMed ID
21381369 View in PubMed
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[Climate change and hygienic assessment of weather conditions in Omsk and the Omsk Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101808
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):18-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
Zh V Gudinova
I S Akimova
A V Klochikhina
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Nov-Dec;(6):18-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Hygiene
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Siberia
Weather
Abstract
The paper deals with trends in climate change in the Omsk Region: the increases in average annual air temperatures and rainfall, which are attended by the higher number of abnormal weather events, as shown by the data of the Omsk Regional Board, Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring. There is information on weather severity in 2008: there was mild weather in spring and severe weather in winter, in January in particular. A survey of physicians has revealed that medical workers are concerned about climate problems and global warming and ascertained weather events mostly affecting the population's health. People worry most frequently about a drastic temperature drop or rise (as high as 71%), atmospheric pressure change (53%), and "when it is too hot in summer (47%).
PubMed ID
21381358 View in PubMed
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[Morbidity among senior preschool children in Magnitogorsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131474
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):34-40
Publication Type
Article
Author
T B Legostaeva
F I Ingel'
N A Antipanova
V V Iurchenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):34-40
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child Welfare - trends
Child, Preschool
Disease - classification - etiology
Environmental health
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Metallurgy
Morbidity
Retrospective Studies
Siberia
Urban Population
Abstract
The publication is the third fragment of the multiparameter study. The level and causes of genome instability and sensitivity are assessed in children living in Magnitogorsk, a city with one of the largest mills in Russia. The city is in the list of the world's 35 most polluted ones. A transverse retrospective analysis found no differences in primary morbidity among 5-7-year-old children who had been living in different districts of Magnitogorsk since birth and were going to municipal kindergartens located adjacent to their house. Contrary to the expectations, the prevalence of morbidity and diseases that were markers for an industrial town was significantly lower among the children residing in the settlements situated around the mills than that in the city's other districts. There were 9 organic compounds that had no hygienic standards, the content of which in the snow samples collected in the areas of the examined kindergartens correlated with the prevalence of the children's morbidity. Family social and living conditions were shown to affect the children's morbidity.
PubMed ID
21901884 View in PubMed
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[The specific features of microbiocenoses in children living under conditions of anthropogenic pressing].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131518
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):22-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
E B Rakova
S M Popkova
U M Nemchenko
N V Efimova
I V Myl'nikova
N A Taranenko
E L Kichigina
Iu P Dzhioev
E A Kungurtseva
E G Lamskov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):22-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Bifidobacterium - isolation & purification
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Industry
Intestinal Mucosa - microbiology
Laryngeal Mucosa - microbiology
Nasal Mucosa - microbiology
Siberia
Abstract
The specific features of enteric and nasopharyngeal microbiocenoses and the species composition of bifidobacteria have been studied in children living in the industrial towns of the Irkutsk Region under the existing anthropogenic load. Ambient air pollution is characterized and a presumptive human health risk assessed.
PubMed ID
21899096 View in PubMed
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[Study of interlocus interactions using a series of gene markers in samples from groups with different health status].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223995
Source
Genetika. 1992 Apr;28(4):166-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1992
Author
A G Novoradovskii
R K Agapova
V A Spitsyn
Iu A Shchekotikhina
A D Ispolatov
Source
Genetika. 1992 Apr;28(4):166-75
Date
Apr-1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Genetic markers
Genetics, Population
Health status
Humans
Phenotype
Siberia
Abstract
Interloci equilibrium between pairs of gene markers in the samples of different health rate in the population of Buryats of Chitinskaya Province was tested. The following methods were used: calculation of interloci correlation coefficients, chi 2-testing of the hypothesis of interloci equilibrium and the modification of principal components analysis on the basis of the matrix of Pearson's coefficients of contingency. In the groups of "extreme" health rate the tendency to increase in interloci disequilibrium was discovered. The reason for this effect is the increase in some phenotype combination frequencies that can be considered as markers of non-specific individual resistance in the environmental condition of the populations studied.
PubMed ID
1639250 View in PubMed
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[The 7th Congress of Public Health Physicians of Russia: new and old problems].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature224089
Source
Gig Sanit. 1992 Apr;(4):63-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1992

[Clinical and hematologic abnormalities in children health, caused by exposure to lead].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144140
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(2):29-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
I A Plotnikova
O P Kovtun
L A Anokhina
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(2):29-35
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Platelets - drug effects
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Erythrocytes - drug effects
Hematologic Diseases - blood - chemically induced - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Industry
Lead - adverse effects
Reticulocytes - drug effects
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The article deals with clinical results of medical examination and treatment of children residents of industrial districts in Sverdlovsk area, with various methods of analysis determining relationships between heavy metals, metalloids and marker anamnestic data and hematologic abnormalities (changes in RBC, platelets and reticulocytes counts).
PubMed ID
20402221 View in PubMed
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[Microbiological monitoring of urban soils state ].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144355
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Medvedeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):45-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cities
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Russia
Soil Microbiology - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
A comprehensive study of the state of urban soils revealed the altered structural and functional organization of microbiocenosis versus that of the soils of intact forest ecosystems. The indicator microbial and biochemical parameters of the state of the soils under urban technological pressure were identified. The findings may be used to evaluate the natural environment, to make an urban environmental monitoring.
PubMed ID
20376936 View in PubMed
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[Development of an extended immunological system parameters for assessment influence of environmental factors on the population's health status].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144358
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):11-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
A K Makovetskaia
V N Fedoseeva
O V Mislavskii
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):11-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cytokines - blood - immunology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Health status
Humans
Hypersensitivity - blood - epidemiology - immunology
Immune System - metabolism
Immunoglobulin E - blood - immunology
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Urban Population
Abstract
The immune status of Moscow dwellers was studied. The findings indicate the criterion significance of immunological and allergological parameters in the estimation of a risk of allergic diseases under the influence of poor environmental factors influence. Hyperactivity in individuals with high immunoglobulin class E levels to environmental factors is suggested by the elevated concentrations of serum specific IgE to intrahouse factors that in combination with the increased levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines (interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and the suppressed production interleukin-4 are criteria for the early manifestations of allergy.
PubMed ID
20376931 View in PubMed
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[Rationale for a differential approach to molding a healthy lifestyle in schoolchildren].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144380
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):80-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Davydenko
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):80-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Adolescent
Child
Educational Status
Female
Health status
Humans
Life Style
Male
Retrospective Studies
Russia
Schools
Urban Population
Abstract
The lifestyle of schoolchildren in a large industrial town was studied in relation to the residence (industrial and administrative areas) and the type of an education establishment (general education schools and innovative education establishments). The spread of lifestyle defects (sleep and walk irregularities, inactivity, bad habits, employment) was shown to be higher in the schoolchildren living in the industrial areas, in general education school pupils in particular. That of lifestyle defects was higher in girls (sleep and diet irregularities, inactivity) than in boys. The findings provide evidence that there is a need for a differential approach to molding a healthy lifestyle in schoolchildren, by keeping in mind the environmental and socioeconomic situation of a residence, the type of an education establishment, age, and gender.
PubMed ID
20373721 View in PubMed
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[The sanitary and hygienic state of solid garbage burial grounds in the stages of a life cycle].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144383
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):39-42
Publication Type
Article
Author
A M Zomarev
Ia I Vaisman
T A Zaitseva
I S Glushankova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):39-42
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Refuse Disposal - standards
Russia
Sanitation - standards
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to assess the sanitary-and-hygienic state of solid garbage (SG) burial grounds in the Perm Territory in different stage of a life cycle. This paper presents the results of the study of deposited waste, forming dump soil, and SG ground emissions by general sanitary and sanitary-microbiological parameters and their effect on environmental objects. The performed studies of the sanitary-and-hygienic situation on some grounds of the Perm Territory suggest that there is a need for setting up a system for sanitary-and-monitoring of SG ground and for elaborating engineering, organizational, and prophylactic measures to assure the sanitary-and-hygienic safety of objects and to control the quality and quantity of waste to be buried and the currents of emissions (ground body degassing, filtrating sewage drainage and purification).
PubMed ID
20373712 View in PubMed
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[Human health risk assessment of environmental pollution at the municipal level].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144387
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):21-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
M V Sergeeva
M Iu Iakusheva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jan-Feb;(1):21-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child
Environmental Health - legislation & jurisprudence
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Local Government
Program Evaluation
Risk Assessment - legislation & jurisprudence - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The established tense environmental situation in Krasnouralsk, Sverdlovsk Region, presents a serious threat to human health. Development of a medium-term municipal environmental program for a Krasnouralsk urban district provides solutions of environmental problems. The human health status and carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks from exposure to chemical substances polluting ambient air, drinking water, and soil have been assessed within the framework of the program. The findings have served as a basis for elaborating technological and sanitary-and-hygienic measures of the environmental program to assure human environmental safety.
PubMed ID
20373708 View in PubMed
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1128 records – page 1 of 57.