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2719 records – page 2 of 136.

Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3165-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Kaas Eigil
Author Affiliation
Niels Bohr Instituttet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 København �, Denmark. kaas@gfy.ku.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3165-8
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Forecasting
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Abstract
This article provides a brief overview over some of the main findings in the most recent IPCC WG I report and in articles published after the report. It is argued that the conclusions in the report on observed climate variations and trends during the last 100 years have been largely confirmed or even reinforced by the most recent studies. Concerning future climate change, new analyses of possible changes in sea-level, which take melting land ice into account, indicate that the global sea level may rise as much as one meter within the present century.
PubMed ID
19857392 View in PubMed
Less detail

Mushroom fruiting and climate change.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95561
Source
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 11;105(10):3811-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-11-2008
Author
Kauserud Håvard
Stige Leif Christian
Vik Jon Olav
Okland Rune H
Høiland Klaus
Stenseth Nils Chr
Author Affiliation
Microbial Evolution Research Group and Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1066 Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway.
Source
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 11;105(10):3811-4
Date
Mar-11-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agaricales - physiology
Climate
Fruiting Bodies, Fungal - physiology
Geography
Norway
Seasons
Time Factors
Abstract
Many species of fungi produce ephemeral autumnal fruiting bodies to spread and multiply. Despite their attraction for mushroom pickers and their economic importance, little is known about the phenology of fruiting bodies. Using approximately 34,500 dated herbarium records we analyzed changes in the autumnal fruiting date of mushrooms in Norway over the period 1940-2006. We show that the time of fruiting has changed considerably over this time period, with an average delay in fruiting since 1980 of 12.9 days. The changes differ strongly between species and groups of species. Early-fruiting species have experienced a stronger delay than late fruiters, resulting in a more compressed fruiting season. There is also a geographic trend of earlier fruiting in the northern and more continental parts of Norway than in more southern and oceanic parts. Incorporating monthly precipitation and temperature variables into the analyses provides indications that increasing temperatures during autumn and winter months bring about significant delay of fruiting both in the same year and in the subsequent year. The recent changes in autumnal mushroom phenology coincide with the extension of the growing season caused by global climate change and are likely to continue under the current climate change scenario.
PubMed ID
18310325 View in PubMed
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Climate change and preventive medicine.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95580
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Dec;14(6):726-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2007
Author
Faergeman Ole
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark. ferryman@mail.tele.dk
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Dec;14(6):726-9
Date
Dec-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control
Climate
Ecology - methods
Humans
Morbidity - trends
Preventive Medicine - methods
Public Health
World Health
Abstract
Thermal stress, food poisoning, infectious diseases, malnutrition, psychiatric illness as well as injury and death from floods, storms and fire are all likely to become more common as the earth warms and the climate becomes more variable. In contrast, obesity, type II diabetes and coronary artery disease do not result from climate change, but they do share causes with climate change. Burning fossil fuels, for example, is the major source of greenhouse gases, but it also makes pervasive physical inactivity possible. Similarly, modern agriculture's enormous production of livestock contributes substantially to greenhouse gas emissions, and it is the source of many of our most energy-rich foods. Physicians and societies of medical professionals have a particular responsibility, therefore, to contribute to the public discourse about climate change and what to do about it.
Notes
ReprintIn: Ugeskr Laeger. 2008 Aug 25;170(35):2667-818761852
PubMed ID
18043291 View in PubMed
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Implications of abrupt climate change.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95699
Source
Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2004;115:305-17
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Alley Richard B
Author Affiliation
Department of Geosciences and EMS Environment Institute, Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania 16802, USA. ralleyo@essc.psu.edu
Source
Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2004;115:305-17
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Ecosystem
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
International Agencies
Models, Biological
Time Factors
Abstract
Records of past climates contained in ice cores, ocean sediments, and other archives show that large, abrupt, widespread climate changes have occurred repeatedly in the past. These changes were especially prominent during the cooling into and warming out of the last ice age, but persisted into the modern warm interval. Changes have especially affected water availability in warm regions and temperature in cold regions, but have affected almost all climatic variables across much or all of the Earth. Impacts of climate changes are smaller if the changes are slower or more-expected. The rapidity of abrupt climate changes, together with the difficulty of predicting such changes, means that impacts on the health of humans, economies and ecosystems will be larger if abrupt climate changes occur. Most projections of future climate include only gradual changes, whereas paleoclimatic data plus models indicate that abrupt changes remain possible; thus, policy is being made based on a view of the future that may be optimistic.
PubMed ID
17060975 View in PubMed
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Source
J R Soc Promot Health. 2002 Jun;122(2):134
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2002
Author
Fryer Frederick
Source
J R Soc Promot Health. 2002 Jun;122(2):134
Date
Jun-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antarctic Regions
Arctic Regions
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Greenhouse Effect
Ice
PubMed ID
12134766 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Page 325 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010 2009
INUITWOMEN AND CLIMATE CHANGE Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada facilitated a dialogue with Inuit women from across Inuit Nunaat about how climate change is affecting their lives. This gathering, held in Iqaluit, Nunavut, in March 2009, created an opportunity
  1 document  
Author
Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada
Author Affiliation
Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada
Source
Page 325 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010 2009
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Climate change
Food security
Inuit
Nunaat
Women
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral presentations. Chapter 8. Food Security and Our Environments.
Documents
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Source
Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2007 Jul 15;365(1856):1925-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-15-2007
Author
Hansen James
Sato Makiko
Kharecha Pushker
Russell Gary
Lea David W
Siddall Mark
Author Affiliation
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia University Earth Institute, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA.
Source
Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2007 Jul 15;365(1856):1925-54
Date
Jul-15-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Palaeoclimate data show that the Earth's climate is remarkably sensitive to global forcings. Positive feedbacks predominate. This allows the entire planet to be whipsawed between climate states. One feedback, the 'albedo flip' property of ice/water, provides a powerful trigger mechanism. A climate forcing that 'flips' the albedo of a sufficient portion of an ice sheet can spark a cataclysm. Inertia of ice sheet and ocean provides only moderate delay to ice sheet disintegration and a burst of added global warming. Recent greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions place the Earth perilously close to dramatic climate change that could run out of our control, with great dangers for humans and other creatures. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the largest human-made climate forcing, but other trace constituents are also important. Only intense simultaneous efforts to slow CO2 emissions and reduce non-CO2 forcings can keep climate within or near the range of the past million years. The most important of the non-CO2 forcings is methane (CH4), as it causes the second largest human-made GHG climate forcing and is the principal cause of increased tropospheric ozone (O3), which is the third largest GHG forcing. Nitrous oxide (N2O) should also be a focus of climate mitigation efforts. Black carbon ('black soot') has a high global warming potential (approx. 2000, 500 and 200 for 20, 100 and 500 years, respectively) and deserves greater attention. Some forcings are especially effective at high latitudes, so concerted efforts to reduce their emissions could preserve Arctic ice, while also having major benefits for human health, agricultural productivity and the global environment.
PubMed ID
17513270 View in PubMed
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Source
Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul;102(7):1260-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2012
Author
James D Ford
Author Affiliation
Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. james.ford@mcgill.ca
Source
Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul;102(7):1260-6
Date
Jul-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Developing Countries
Health status
Humans
Population Groups
Vulnerable Populations
World Health
Abstract
Indigenous populations have been identified as vulnerable to climate change. This framing, however, is detached from the diverse geographies of how people experience, understand, and respond to climate-related health outcomes, and overlooks nonclimatic determinants. I reviewed research on indigenous health and climate change to capture place-based dimensions of vulnerability and broader determining factors. Studies focused primarily on Australia and the Arctic, and indicated significant adaptive capacity, with active responses to climate-related health risks. However, nonclimatic stresses including poverty, land dispossession, globalization, and associated sociocultural transitions challenge this adaptability. Addressing geographic gaps in existing studies alongside greater focus on indigenous conceptualizations on and approaches to health, examination of global-local interactions shaping local vulnerability, enhanced surveillance, and an evaluation of policy support opportunities are key foci for future research.
Notes
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Comment In: Am J Public Health. 2013 Jan;103(1):e623153166
Comment In: Am J Public Health. 2013 Jan;103(1):e6-723153162
PubMed ID
22594718 View in PubMed
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Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
World Wide Fund For Nature
Language
English
Spanish
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Witnesses to Change
Climate change
Arctic Regions
Abstract
This is WWF's webpage covering climate change in the Arctic. It includes links to reports, videos, news feeds, and blogs.
Online Resources
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Climate change, thermal stress and mortality changes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96002
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 Feb;46(3):331-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1998
Author
Martens W J
Author Affiliation
Maastricht University, Department of Mathematics, The Netherlands.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 Feb;46(3):331-44
Date
Feb-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acclimatization
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Body Temperature Regulation
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - mortality
Child
Child, Preschool
Climate
Female
Forecasting
Greenhouse Effect
Heat Stress Disorders - etiology - mortality
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Respiratory Tract Diseases - etiology - mortality
Temperature
World Health
Abstract
One of the potential effects of an anthropogenically induced climate change is a change in mortality related to thermal stress. In this paper, existing literature on the relationship between average temperatures and mortality is evaluated. By means of a simple meta-analysis an aggregated effect of a change in temperature on mortality is estimated for total, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. These effect estimates are combined with projections of changes in baseline climate conditions of 20 cities, according to climate change scenarios of three General Circulation Models (GCMs). The results indicate that for most of the cities included, global climate change is likely to lead to a reduction in mortality rates due to decreasing winter mortality. This effect is most pronounced for cardiovascular mortality in elderly people in cities which experience temperate or cold climates at present. The sensitivity of the results to physiological and socio-economical adaptation is examined. However, more research is necessary to extend this work by inclusion of data from a wider range of populations.
PubMed ID
9460815 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
SGI Quarterly.
Date
Apr-2009
  1 website  
Author
Hassol, SJ
Corell, RW
Source
SGI Quarterly.
Date
Apr-2009
Language
English
Keywords
Arctic
Climate change
Abstract
Climate change is taking place at the same time as many other changes in the Arctic, including an increase in chemical contaminants entering the Arctic from other regions, overfishing, land-use changes that result in habitat destruction and fragmentation, as well as cultural, governance and economic changes. Impacts on the environment and society result from the interplay of all of these changes.
Online Resources
Less detail
Source
CMAJ. 2013 Apr 16;185(7):587
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-16-2013
Author
Courtney Howard
Source
CMAJ. 2013 Apr 16;185(7):587
Date
Apr-16-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Climate change
Health education
Humans
Notes
Cites: CMAJ. 2013 Feb 19;185(3):19523382259
PubMed ID
23589540 View in PubMed
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Yale Project on Climate Change Communication

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288577
Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Research
Data Sources
Climate Change
Public Opinion
Public Policy
Climate
Abstract
Yale Program on Climate Change Communication conducts scientific research on public climate change knowledge, attitudes, policy preferences, and behavior, and the underlying psychological, cultural, and political factors that influence them. They also engage the public in climate change science and solutions, in partnership with governments, media organizations, companies, and civil society, and with a daily, national radio program, Yale Climate Connections.
Online Resources
Less detail
Publication Type
Interactive/Multimedia
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Alaska Sea Grant
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Interactive/Multimedia
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Vulnerability & Adaptation
Animals
Climate change
Permafrost
Introduced species
Ice
Ecosystem
Floods
Freezing
Abstract
Seventeen-minute video produced by Alaska Sea Grant and NOAA Alaska Region.
Online Resources
Less detail

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288485
Publication Type
Database
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Language
Arabic
Chinese
English
French
Russian
Spanish
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Database
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Research
Data Sources
Climate Change
United Nations
Meteorology
Environment
Abstract
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of climate change and its potential environmental and socioeconomic consequences.
Online Resources
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RISE: Climate Change and Coastal Communities

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288538
Publication Type
Interactive/Multimedia
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Claire Schoen Media
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Interactive/Multimedia
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Vulnerability & Adaptation
Floods
Climate change
Bays
San Francisco
Weather
Climate
Abstract
Media project looking at the San Francisco Bay area for answers on how to start adapting to changes that are now inevitable.
Online Resources
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Linking climate change to lemming cycles.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91357
Source
Nature. 2008 Nov 6;456(7218):93-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-6-2008
Author
Kausrud Kyrre L
Mysterud Atle
Steen Harald
Vik Jon Olav
Østbye Eivind
Cazelles Bernard
Framstad Erik
Eikeset Anne Maria
Mysterud Ivar
Solhøy Torstein
Stenseth Nils Chr
Author Affiliation
Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway.
Source
Nature. 2008 Nov 6;456(7218):93-7
Date
Nov-6-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Arvicolinae - physiology
Birds - physiology
Ecosystem
Greenhouse Effect
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humidity
Models, Biological
Norway
Population Dynamics
Seasons
Snow
Temperature
Abstract
The population cycles of rodents at northern latitudes have puzzled people for centuries, and their impact is manifest throughout the alpine ecosystem. Climate change is known to be able to drive animal population dynamics between stable and cyclic phases, and has been suggested to cause the recent changes in cyclic dynamics of rodents and their predators. But although predator-rodent interactions are commonly argued to be the cause of the Fennoscandian rodent cycles, the role of the environment in the modulation of such dynamics is often poorly understood in natural systems. Hence, quantitative links between climate-driven processes and rodent dynamics have so far been lacking. Here we show that winter weather and snow conditions, together with density dependence in the net population growth rate, account for the observed population dynamics of the rodent community dominated by lemmings (Lemmus lemmus) in an alpine Norwegian core habitat between 1970 and 1997, and predict the observed absence of rodent peak years after 1994. These local rodent dynamics are coherent with alpine bird dynamics both locally and over all of southern Norway, consistent with the influence of large-scale fluctuations in winter conditions. The relationship between commonly available meteorological data and snow conditions indicates that changes in temperature and humidity, and thus conditions in the subnivean space, seem to markedly affect the dynamics of alpine rodents and their linked groups. The pattern of less regular rodent peaks, and corresponding changes in the overall dynamics of the alpine ecosystem, thus seems likely to prevail over a growing area under projected climate change.
Notes
Comment In: Nature. 2008 Nov 6;456(7218):43-418987726
PubMed ID
18987742 View in PubMed
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Climate change: the importance of place.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91596
Source
Am J Prev Med. 2008 Nov;35(5):468-78
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2008
Author
Hess Jeremy J
Malilay Josephine N
Parkinson Alan J
Author Affiliation
National Center for Environmental Health, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30341-3717, USA. aso1@cdc.gov
Source
Am J Prev Med. 2008 Nov;35(5):468-78
Date
Nov-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Arctic Regions
Cities
Communicable Diseases - transmission
Desert Climate
Geography
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Public Health
Risk factors
Seawater - chemistry
United States
Weather
Abstract
Climate change-related risks are place-specific and path-dependent. Accordingly, location is an important determinant of hazardous exposure, and certain places will bear more risk than others. This article reviews the major environmental exposures associated with risky places in the U.S., including coastal regions, islands, the desert Southwest, vectorborne and zoonotic disease border regions, cities, and the U.S. Arctic (Alaska), with emphasis on exposures and vulnerable populations of concern. In addition to these hotspots, this study considers the ways in which the concept of place--the sense of human relationship with particular environments--will play a key role in motivating, developing, and deploying an effective public health response. In considering the importance of place, we highlight the concepts of community resilience and risk management, key aspects of a robust response to climate change in public health and other sectors.
PubMed ID
18929973 View in PubMed
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Arctic nations to assess climate change.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95967
Source
J Environ Monit. 2000 Dec;2(6):97N-98N
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2000

2719 records – page 2 of 136.