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2813 records – page 2 of 141.

Source
J R Soc Promot Health. 2002 Jun;122(2):134
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2002
Author
Fryer Frederick
Source
J R Soc Promot Health. 2002 Jun;122(2):134
Date
Jun-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antarctic Regions
Arctic Regions
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Greenhouse Effect
Ice
PubMed ID
12134766 View in PubMed
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Source
Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul;102(7):1260-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2012
Author
James D Ford
Author Affiliation
Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. james.ford@mcgill.ca
Source
Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul;102(7):1260-6
Date
Jul-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Developing Countries
Health status
Humans
Population Groups
Vulnerable Populations
World Health
Abstract
Indigenous populations have been identified as vulnerable to climate change. This framing, however, is detached from the diverse geographies of how people experience, understand, and respond to climate-related health outcomes, and overlooks nonclimatic determinants. I reviewed research on indigenous health and climate change to capture place-based dimensions of vulnerability and broader determining factors. Studies focused primarily on Australia and the Arctic, and indicated significant adaptive capacity, with active responses to climate-related health risks. However, nonclimatic stresses including poverty, land dispossession, globalization, and associated sociocultural transitions challenge this adaptability. Addressing geographic gaps in existing studies alongside greater focus on indigenous conceptualizations on and approaches to health, examination of global-local interactions shaping local vulnerability, enhanced surveillance, and an evaluation of policy support opportunities are key foci for future research.
Notes
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Comment In: Am J Public Health. 2013 Jan;103(1):e623153166
Comment In: Am J Public Health. 2013 Jan;103(1):e6-723153162
PubMed ID
22594718 View in PubMed
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Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Government of Canada
Language
English
French
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Governments and Organizations
Canada
Climate Change
Government
Policy
Abstract
This is a Government of Canada website that reviews policies, programs, scientific research, and interdepartmental work being done to fight climate change in Canada.
Online Resources
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Publication Type
Database
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Columbia Law School
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Database
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Governments and Organizations
United States
Climate Change
Lawyers
Climate
Abstract
The Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) at Columbia Law School develops legal techniques to fight climate change, trains law students and lawyers in their use, and develops databases on climate law and regulation.
Online Resources
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Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Research
Data Sources
United States
Climate Change
Health Resources
Abstract
This is the U.S. Forest Service's reference website for resource managers and decision makers who need information and tools to address climate change in planning and project implementation.
Online Resources
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Norwegian Climate Change Adaptation Programme

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288522
Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Climate Change Adaptation Programme
Language
English
Norwegian
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Governments and Organizations
Norway
Climate Change
Acclimatization
Adaptation
Research
Abstract
This portal is designed to gain better knowledge through research, mapping, and practical experience to aid in the climate change adaptation process. Note that much of the portal is in Norwegian.
Online Resources
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Source
Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2007 Jul 15;365(1856):1925-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-15-2007
Author
Hansen James
Sato Makiko
Kharecha Pushker
Russell Gary
Lea David W
Siddall Mark
Author Affiliation
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia University Earth Institute, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA.
Source
Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2007 Jul 15;365(1856):1925-54
Date
Jul-15-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
Palaeoclimate data show that the Earth's climate is remarkably sensitive to global forcings. Positive feedbacks predominate. This allows the entire planet to be whipsawed between climate states. One feedback, the 'albedo flip' property of ice/water, provides a powerful trigger mechanism. A climate forcing that 'flips' the albedo of a sufficient portion of an ice sheet can spark a cataclysm. Inertia of ice sheet and ocean provides only moderate delay to ice sheet disintegration and a burst of added global warming. Recent greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions place the Earth perilously close to dramatic climate change that could run out of our control, with great dangers for humans and other creatures. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the largest human-made climate forcing, but other trace constituents are also important. Only intense simultaneous efforts to slow CO2 emissions and reduce non-CO2 forcings can keep climate within or near the range of the past million years. The most important of the non-CO2 forcings is methane (CH4), as it causes the second largest human-made GHG climate forcing and is the principal cause of increased tropospheric ozone (O3), which is the third largest GHG forcing. Nitrous oxide (N2O) should also be a focus of climate mitigation efforts. Black carbon ('black soot') has a high global warming potential (approx. 2000, 500 and 200 for 20, 100 and 500 years, respectively) and deserves greater attention. Some forcings are especially effective at high latitudes, so concerted efforts to reduce their emissions could preserve Arctic ice, while also having major benefits for human health, agricultural productivity and the global environment.
PubMed ID
17513270 View in PubMed
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Source
Page 325 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010 2009
INUITWOMEN AND CLIMATE CHANGE Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada facilitated a dialogue with Inuit women from across Inuit Nunaat about how climate change is affecting their lives. This gathering, held in Iqaluit, Nunavut, in March 2009, created an opportunity
  1 document  
Author
Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada
Author Affiliation
Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada
Source
Page 325 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010 2009
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Climate change
Food security
Inuit
Nunaat
Women
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral presentations. Chapter 8. Food Security and Our Environments.
Documents
Less detail
Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
World Wide Fund For Nature
Language
English
Spanish
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Witnesses to Change
Climate change
Arctic Regions
Abstract
This is WWF's webpage covering climate change in the Arctic. It includes links to reports, videos, news feeds, and blogs.
Online Resources
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Climate change, thermal stress and mortality changes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96002
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 Feb;46(3):331-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1998
Author
Martens W J
Author Affiliation
Maastricht University, Department of Mathematics, The Netherlands.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 Feb;46(3):331-44
Date
Feb-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acclimatization
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Body Temperature Regulation
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - mortality
Child
Child, Preschool
Climate
Female
Forecasting
Greenhouse Effect
Heat Stress Disorders - etiology - mortality
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Respiratory Tract Diseases - etiology - mortality
Temperature
World Health
Abstract
One of the potential effects of an anthropogenically induced climate change is a change in mortality related to thermal stress. In this paper, existing literature on the relationship between average temperatures and mortality is evaluated. By means of a simple meta-analysis an aggregated effect of a change in temperature on mortality is estimated for total, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. These effect estimates are combined with projections of changes in baseline climate conditions of 20 cities, according to climate change scenarios of three General Circulation Models (GCMs). The results indicate that for most of the cities included, global climate change is likely to lead to a reduction in mortality rates due to decreasing winter mortality. This effect is most pronounced for cardiovascular mortality in elderly people in cities which experience temperate or cold climates at present. The sensitivity of the results to physiological and socio-economical adaptation is examined. However, more research is necessary to extend this work by inclusion of data from a wider range of populations.
PubMed ID
9460815 View in PubMed
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Source
SGI Quarterly.
Date
Apr-2009
  1 website  
Author
Hassol, SJ
Corell, RW
Source
SGI Quarterly.
Date
Apr-2009
Language
English
Keywords
Arctic
Climate change
Abstract
Climate change is taking place at the same time as many other changes in the Arctic, including an increase in chemical contaminants entering the Arctic from other regions, overfishing, land-use changes that result in habitat destruction and fragmentation, as well as cultural, governance and economic changes. Impacts on the environment and society result from the interplay of all of these changes.
Online Resources
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Source
CMAJ. 2013 Apr 16;185(7):587
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-16-2013
Author
Courtney Howard
Source
CMAJ. 2013 Apr 16;185(7):587
Date
Apr-16-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Climate change
Health education
Humans
Notes
Cites: CMAJ. 2013 Feb 19;185(3):19523382259
PubMed ID
23589540 View in PubMed
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Push for new climate change agreement.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144033
Source
Curr Biol. 2010 Apr 27;20(8):R335-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-27-2010
Author
Nigel Williams
Source
Curr Biol. 2010 Apr 27;20(8):R335-6
Date
Apr-27-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Congresses as topic
Denmark
Humans
International Cooperation - legislation & jurisprudence
PubMed ID
21749940 View in PubMed
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Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Dec;64(5):434
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
  1 website  
Author
Hassi, J
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Dec;64(5):434
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ACIA report
Arctic Council
International Polar Year
Research
Abstract
Climate warming will continue for at least the next twenty years. Its consequences, including health-related ones, are most prominent in the circumpolar areas. The challenge to authorities and professionals is to find and practice adaptive actions which are needed to respond to this change.
Online Resources
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Yale Project on Climate Change Communication

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288577
Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
Research
Data Sources
Climate Change
Public Opinion
Public Policy
Climate
Abstract
Yale Program on Climate Change Communication conducts scientific research on public climate change knowledge, attitudes, policy preferences, and behavior, and the underlying psychological, cultural, and political factors that influence them. They also engage the public in climate change science and solutions, in partnership with governments, media organizations, companies, and civil society, and with a daily, national radio program, Yale Climate Connections.
Online Resources
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Polar Marine Microorganisms and Climate Change.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276922
Source
Adv Microb Physiol. 2016;69:187-215
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
C. Verde
D. Giordano
C M Bellas
G. di Prisco
A M Anesio
Source
Adv Microb Physiol. 2016;69:187-215
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
The large diversity of marine microorganisms harboured by oceans plays an important role in planet sustainability by driving globally important biogeochemical cycles; all primary and most secondary production in the oceans is performed by microorganisms. The largest part of the planet is covered by cold environments; consequently, cold-adapted microorganisms have crucial functional roles in globally important environmental processes and biogeochemical cycles cold-adapted extremophiles are a remarkable model to shed light on the molecular basis of survival at low temperature. The indigenous populations of Antarctic and Arctic microorganisms are endowed with genetic and physiological traits that allow them to live and effectively compete at the temperatures prevailing in polar regions. Some genes, e.g. glycosyltransferases and glycosylsynthetases involved in the architecture of the cell wall, may have been acquired/retained during evolution of polar strains or lost in tropical strains. This present work focusses on temperature and its role in shaping microbial adaptations; however, in assessing the impacts of climate changes on microbial diversity and biogeochemical cycles in polar oceans, it should not be forgotten that physiological studies need to include the interaction of temperature with other abiotic and biotic factors.
PubMed ID
27720011 View in PubMed
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Climate change, ozone, and ultraviolet radiation

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100839
Source
Chapter 11 (pp. 717-774) of AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1998
  1 website  
Author
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme
Source
Chapter 11 (pp. 717-774) of AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Arctic peoples
Arctic stratospheric ozone
Biosphere
Climate change
Effects
International efforts
UV radiation
Abstract
Global climate change is a growing concern, especially in Arctic regions where increases in temperature from anthropogenic influences could be considerably higher than the global average. Climatic changes are not new to the Arctic or its peoples. Indigenous peoples of the far north have adapted to the austere climate; different groups have found their own unique ways to harvest food and provide clothing, tools, and shelter. At times the climate has warmed or cooled relatively suddenly and people have either adapted, moved, or died off. The paleo-archaeological record, indigenous peoples? oral history, and historical documents provide evidence of climatic changes for thousands of years. Today, people of the Arctic, whether they continue to live close to the land or live in urban centers, must again confront rapid changes in climate. Various records over the last 40 years confirm that the rate of global warming has been greatest over Eurasia and North America between 40°N and 70°N (IPCC 1996a). Arctic research substantiates these observations through direct and indirect indicators of climate change. Sea ice, snow cover, glaciers, tundra, permafrost, boreal forests, and peatlands are all responsive to subtle variations in sunlight, surface temperature, ocean heat transport, air and ocean chemistry, and aerosols in the atmosphere. Compared with the rest of the globe, the Arctic climate is very sensitive to change because of a complex series of interactions and positive feedback processes among the region?s oceanic and atmospheric circulation patterns, temperature regime, hydrologic cycle, and sea ice formation (Barry et al. 1993a, Kellogg 1983, Mysak 1995).
Notes
Book available in UAA/APU Consortium Library Alaskana Collection: TD190.5.A75 1998; and in ARLIS General Collection: TD190.5A46 1998
Online Resources
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The physician's response to climate change.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95416
Source
Fam Med. 2009 May;41(5):358-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2009
Author
Sarfaty Mona
Abouzaid Safiya
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Policy, Thomas Jefferson University. mona.sarfaty@jefferson.edu
Source
Fam Med. 2009 May;41(5):358-63
Date
May-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Communicable Diseases - transmission
Conservation of Energy Resources
Disasters
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Physician's Role
Population Surveillance
Public Policy
Abstract
Climate change will have an effect on the health and well-being of the populations cared for by practicing physicians. The anticipated medical effects include heat- and cold-related deaths, cardiovascular illnesses, injuries and mental harms from extreme weather events, respiratory illnesses caused by poor air quality, infectious diseases that emanate from contaminated food, water, or spread of disease vectors, the injuries caused by natural disasters, and the mental harm associated with social disruption. Within several years, such medical problems are likely to reach the doorsteps of many physicians. In the face of this reality, physicians should assume their traditional roles as medical professionals, health educators, and community leaders. Clinicians provide individual health services to patients, some of whom will be especially vulnerable to the emerging health consequences of global warming. Physicians also work in academic medical institutions and hospitals that educate and provide continuing medical education to students, residents, and practitioners. The institutions also produce a measurable carbon footprint. Societies of physicians at national, state, and local levels can choose to use their well-developed avenues of communication to raise awareness of the key issues that are raised by climate change as well as other environmental concerns that have profound implications for human health and well-being.
PubMed ID
19418286 View in PubMed
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2813 records – page 2 of 141.