Skip header and navigation

Refine By

138 records – page 1 of 14.

Abundance Estimates of Ice-Associated Seals: Bering Seas Populations that Inhabit the Chukchi Sea During the Open-Water Period. Final report.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature303415
Source
BOEM Report 2016-077. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Alaska Outer Continental Shelf Region with the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service. [122] pp.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2016
  1 document  
Author
Boveng, P.L.
Cameron, M.F.
Conn, Paul B.
Moreland, E.E.
Source
BOEM Report 2016-077. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Alaska Outer Continental Shelf Region with the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service. [122] pp.
Date
2016
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
4812161
Keywords
Alaska
Bering Sea
Chukchi Sea
Bearded seal
Ribbon seal
Ringed seal
Spotted seal
Ice-associated seals
Abundance
Distribution
Aerial survey
Sea of Okhotsk
Arctic
Documents

Final-Report_2016-077_M12PG00017_Draft_2017-02-16_ReducedSize.pdf

Read PDF Online Download PDF
Less detail

Acute mastoiditis in Greenland between 1994-2007

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96607
Source
Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):1335
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-Jun-2010
Author
Homøe, P
Jensen, RG
Brofeldt, S
Author Affiliation
Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Rigshospitalet, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Denmark. phom@rh.regionh.dk
Source
Rural Remote Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;10(2):1335
Date
Apr-Jun-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute mastoiditis
Acute otitis media (AOM)
Antibiotics
Arctic
Auricle
Bacteriological examination
Childhood
Chronic otitis media
Facial nerve paralysis
Indigenous populations
National Greenland Inpatient Register
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The indigenous populations of the Arctic are prone to middle ear infections starting with an early age first episode, followed by frequent episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) during childhood. A high proportion develop chronic otitis media. Acute mastoiditis is a serious complication of AOM in childhood with postauricular swelling, erythema, and tenderness, protrusion of the auricle, high fever and general malaise. The disease may protrude intracranially. The incidence rates for acute mastoiditis in the Western world range from 1.2 to 4.2 cases/100 000 per year. There exists no epidemiological data on acute mastoiditis in the Arctic region. METHODS: A retrospective search was made for the WHO ICD-10 code DH70.0 (denoting acute mastoiditis) using the National Greenland Inpatient Register for the period 1994-2007, inclusive. Fifteen patients were registered and their medical records were retrieved. Four patients were obviously misclassified, leaving 11 patients for evaluation. The medical records were available for 10 patients. The diagnostic inclusion criterion was written clinical signs of acute mastoiditis. RESULTS: Based on the case series the incidence rate was calculated to be 1.4 for the total Greenlandic population and 7.4 for children 0 and 10 years of age. Median age was 14 months (5-105 months) and eight were female (72%). Seven of the 10 were exclusively treated with antibiotics and three underwent additional ear surgery. Bacteriological examination was performed in five of 10. One 8 month-old girl presented with a contemporary facial nerve paralysis and was treated with intravenous antibiotics; one 8 year-old girl was evacuated to Copenhagen for urgent surgery due to signs of meningitis. Acute CT scan showed a cerebellar abscess and a thrombosis in the lateral sigmoid sinus vein. An extensive cholesteatoma was found and eradicated during surgery. Six weeks later the patient returned home with a maximal conductive hearing loss as the only complication. All patients recovered from the disease. CONCLUSION: The incidence of acute mastoiditis in Greenland is comparable to the incidence elsewhere, although AOM occurs more frequently among small children in the Greenlandic population. The disease is serious and must be treated immediately with intravenous antibiotics, followed by urgent surgery if there is no improvement.
PubMed ID
20568909 View in PubMed
Less detail

Advancing adaptation planning for climate change in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR): a review and critique

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature301004
Source
Regional Environmental Change March 2011, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 1–17
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
  1 document  
Author
Pearce, Tristan
Ford, James D.
Duerden, Frank
Smit, Barry
Andrachuk, Mark
Berrang-Ford, Lea
Smith, Tanya
Source
Regional Environmental Change March 2011, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 1–17
Date
2011
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
File Size
428059
Keywords
Inuvialuit Settlement Region
Climate change
Vulnerability
Adaptation
Arctic
Review
Critique
Abstract
This paper reviews scientific and gray literature addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) in the western Canadian Arctic. The review is structured using a vulnerability framework, and 420 documents related directly or indirectly to climate change are analyzed to provide insights on the current state of knowledge on climate change vulnerability in the ISR as a basis for supporting future research and long-term adaptation planning in the region. The literature documents evidence of climate change in the ISR which is compromising food security and health status, limiting transportation access and travel routes to hunting grounds, and damaging municipal infrastructure. Adaptations are being employed to manage changing conditions; however, many of the adaptations being undertaken are short term, ad-hoc, and reactive in nature. Limited long-term strategic planning for climate change is being undertaken. Current climate change risks are expected to continue in the future with further implications for communities but less is known about the adaptive capacity of communities. This review identifies the importance of targeted vulnerability research that works closely with community members and decision makers to understand the interactions between current and projected climate change and the factors which condition vulnerability and influence adaptation. Research gaps are identified, and recommendations for advancing adaptation planning are outlined.
Documents

Pearce2011_Article_AdvancingAdaptationPlanningFor.pdf

Read PDF Online Download PDF
Less detail

Alaska's great thirst: Water, energy, and health in Iñupiaq communities of the Northwest Arctic Borough

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256678
Source
Page 47 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
  1 document  
Author
Eichelberger L
Author Affiliation
University of Arizona
Source
Page 47 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska
Water
Energy
Health
Inupiaq
Economy
Communities
Subsistence
Arctic
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral Presentations. Chapter 1. Public Health Perspectives.
Documents
Less detail

An interdisciplinary approach to documenting knowledge: Plants and their uses in southern Greenland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300851
Source
Arctic v67 n1 (2014 01 01): 57-70.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Whitecloud SS
Grenoble LA
Source
Arctic v67 n1 (2014 01 01): 57-70.
Date
2014
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Arctic
Ethnobotany
Inuit
Language
Linguistics
Local knowledge
Plants
Less detail

The application of strength-based assessments and interventions with children and adolescents experiencing mental health difficulties

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286441
Source
Pages 461-463 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Date
2010
  1 document  
Author
Edward Rawana
Keith Brownlee
Julie Harper
Author Affiliation
Director of Research, Centre of Excellence for Children and Adolescents with Special Needs
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Lakehead University, Canada
Psychological Consultant, Lakehead Public Schools
Professor, School of Social Work, Lakehead University
Master's Student, Department of Psychology, Lakehead University
Source
Pages 461-463 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
adolescents
Children
Mental health
Arctic
Families
First Nations
Psychological development
Abstract
Positive psychology and the strengths perspective have gained considerable momentum over the past decade. Research has operationalized the strengths construct in a variety of manners, with most utilizing a resiliency perspective. This paper conceptualizes strengths in a more holistic and dynamic manner with specific emphasis on youth domains of functioning. This strength perspective in conjunction with the Strength Assessment Inventory (SAi) uses the assessment of youth's strengths across 10 psychosocial domains as a means of planning treatment where individual strengths help meet personal goals. The necessity of establishing a new branch of psychiatry called postpsychiatry, with its arsenal of extended language, personally oriented assessments and psychodynamic therapies, is discussed.
Documents
Less detail

The application of strength based assessments and interventions with children and adolescents experiencing mental health difficulties

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature257696
Source
Page 436 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
  1 document  
Author
Rawana E
Brownlee K
Author Affiliation
Lakehead University
Source
Page 436 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Canada
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
adolescents
Children
Mental health
Arctic
Families
First Nations
Psychological development
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral presentations. Chapter 10. Mental Health and Wellness.
Documents
Less detail

The Arctic as a food producing region. Phase 1: Current status in five Arctic countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295345
Source
Nofima. Report 10/2018. 99 pp.
Publication Type
Report
Date
April 2018
  1 document  
Author
Silje Elde
Ingrid Kvalvik
Bjørg Helen Nøstvold
Rune Rødbotten
Sigridur Dalmannsdottir
Hilde Halland
Eivind Uleberg
Ólafur Reykdal
Jón Árnason
Páll Gunnar Pálsson
Rakel Halldórsdóttir
Óli Þór Hilmarsson
Gunnar Þórðarson
Þóra Valsdóttir
Rebekka Knudsen
David Natcher
Daria Sidorova
Source
Nofima. Report 10/2018. 99 pp.
Date
April 2018
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Denmark
Greenland
Iceland
Norway
Russia
Publication Type
Report
File Size
5515073
Keywords
Arctic
Food
Production
Industry and market
Possibilities
Challenges
Abstract
The "Arctic as a food producing region" is a project funded by the Nordic Council of Ministries, the Canadian Arctic Council office, the University of Saskatchewan (Canada), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Nofima – Norwegian Institute of Food, fisheries and Aquaculture Research, the Icelandic Foreign Ministry, and endorsed by the Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG). The project has participation from Canada, Denmark, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Russia. The aim of the "Arctic as a food producing region" - project is to assess the potential for increased production and added value of food from the Arctic region, with the overarching aim of improving economic and social conditions of Arctic communities. This report is the output from the first phase of the project, providing a description of the main food production and examples of conditions for food production in the Arctic areas of the countries involved.
Documents
Less detail

The Arctic as a messenger for global processes -- climate change and pollution

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275995
Source
Abstract book from a conference held May 3-6, 2011, in Copenhagen, Denmark, by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Aarhus University, and University of Copenhagen
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2011
  1 website  
Source
Abstract book from a conference held May 3-6, 2011, in Copenhagen, Denmark, by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Aarhus University, and University of Copenhagen
Date
2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Keywords
AMAP
Arctic
Carbon
Climate change
Contaminants
Human health
Mercury
Ocean acidification
POPs
Projections
SWIPA
Abstract
Established by the eight Arctic Countries in 1991, and now one of the groups serving the Arctic Council, AMAP is charged with coordinating monitoring and performing scientific assessments of pollution and climate change issues in the circum-Arctic area to document trends and effects in Arctic ecosystems and humans and identify possible actions for consideration by policy makers.
Online Resources
Less detail
Source
Arctic Summer College. Arctic Circle Conference Discussion Session. Fellow Paper.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2015
  1 document  
Author
Kuersten, Andreas
Source
Arctic Summer College. Arctic Circle Conference Discussion Session. Fellow Paper.
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
208623
Keywords
Telecommunications
Arctic
Climate change
Infrastructure
Development
Abstract
For many, the Arctic’s harsh environment, remoteness, and sparse population are what make it so unique and beautiful. But these same qualities also make establishing reliable and fast telecommunications infrastructure in the region extremely difficult – particularly with regard to the North American Arctic. Indeed, these conditions make the installation of any telecommunications system, much less one with modern dependability and speed, an arduous undertaking. Yet connectivity is a necessity in the modern age and demands in the High North are only increasing. For example, governments and industry are seeking to expand services and operations northward as climate change opens up the once ice-locked region. In turn, locals aspire to interact with and take advantage of the opportunities of the wider world. Regardless of whether one appreciates or opposes the pace and forces behind northern development, Arctic telecommunications infrastructure – whether supplying basic services or facilitating personal and economic ambitions – is inadequate for both current and future demand.
Documents

Kuersten_ASC-Paper_0.pdf

Read PDF Online Download PDF
Less detail

138 records – page 1 of 14.