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615 records – page 1 of 62.

[6-year trial of a program for predicting the potential occurrence of myocardial infarct].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234833
Source
Kardiologiia. 1987 Sep;27(9):43-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1987
Author
E Sh Khalfen
I L Shvarts
Source
Kardiologiia. 1987 Sep;27(9):43-7
Date
Sep-1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - etiology
Prognosis
Risk factors
Russia
Sex Factors
Software
Urban Population
Abstract
A six-year prospective study of 3775 individuals, first examined in 1978, using an original mathematical program of myocardial infarction risk prognosis, is reported. The program is based on an integral assessment of 19 risk factors, each having 4 degrees of severity. The subjects were allocated to one of 3 groups, depending on the prognostic risk score. In the low coronary risk group (2068 people), there was 1 (0.048%) myocardial infarction over 6 years. There were 12 (0.76%) infarctions in the medium risk group (1569 people), and 62 (44.92%) infarctions in the high risk group (138 people). Therefore, the program is capable of identifying a limited (about 4%) population that is going to develop 80% of all myocardial infarctions within the next 5 or 6 years.
PubMed ID
2961917 View in PubMed
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[15 years after the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19138
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2002 Mar-Apr;42(2):228-33
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Buldakov
A K Gus'kova
Author Affiliation
State Research Centre-Institute of Biophysics, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, 123182 Russia.
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2002 Mar-Apr;42(2):228-33
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Byelarus - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Power Plants
Pregnancy
Prognosis
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Time Factors
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
Health effects as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant occurred in 1986 are considered in the paper. Wrong prognosis of the health effects with respect to mortality and morbidity among the population exposed to low radiation doses is shown. Proven increase in thyroid cancer cases among people who were children aged from 0 to 18 at the time of the accident is shown. Linear relationship between thyroid cancer cases and dose to thyroid ranged from 0.2 to 4.0 Gy is considered. An additional absolute risk of thyroid cancer in children varies in the range 1.9-2.6 cases per 10(4) person-year Gy. During the fifteen years following the accident no cases of acute and chronic radiation sickness have been revealed because the population living in contaminated areas received low radiation doses. Also, exposures to low radiation doses did not result in excess of malignant tumors among population. In some cases the outcomes of acute radiation sickness were as follows: radiation damages to the skin, cancer cataracts, development of oncopathology.
PubMed ID
12004624 View in PubMed
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[A comparative assessment of the methods of prediction of outcomes of acute peritonitis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature152417
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 2008;167(6):96-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Kh A Gamzatov
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 2008;167(6):96-9
Date
2008
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) - methods
Peritonitis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Prognosis
Questionnaires
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate - trends
Abstract
An analysis of results of treatment of 212 patients with peritonitis of different etiology allowed the author to establish main factors (clinical and laboratory), responsible for the level of lethality. A scheme of assessment of the outcome of the disease is proposed. It has advantages over the Mannheim Peritonitis Index.
PubMed ID
19241827 View in PubMed
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[Activities of the Health Center providing health care for Nuclear Power Station workers and for nearby residents].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186597
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(12):31-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
N A Kuralesin
Ia E L'vovich
G N Roldugin
O N Choporov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(12):31-4
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Birth rate
Child
Community Health Services
Female
Health status
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Occupational Health Services
Power Plants
Pregnancy
Prognosis
Russia
Abstract
The authors evaluate relationships of parameters describing activities of Health center and selected according to "discrete correlation galaxies" method with characteristics of health state of population covered by the center. The article contains mathematic models that could be a basis for forecasting changes of health state characteristics under variation of Health center activity parameters.
PubMed ID
12593153 View in PubMed
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[Activity of polymorphic N-acetyltransferase in epilepsy].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239409
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1985;85(6):857-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
A S Barannikov
V I Trubnikov
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1985;85(6):857-61
Date
1985
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acetyltransferases - metabolism
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Epilepsy - enzymology - genetics
Female
Humans
Isoenzymes - metabolism
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Polymorphism, Genetic
Prognosis
Abstract
Activity of polymorphic N-acetyl transferase characterized by bimodality (fast and slow acetylators) in normal subjects was studied in 150 epileptic patients. The epileptic versus normal subjects had a significant predominance of slow acetylators. The data obtained suggest that slow acetylation is one of the possible factors predisposing to epilepsy and responsible for a more severe course of the disease. The results of the study suggest that determination of the activity of polymorphic N-acetyl transferase may serve as a prognostic criterion of epilepsy.
PubMed ID
4024808 View in PubMed
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[Acute coronary syndrome: regional experience of rendering urgent aid at prehospital stage in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug--Yugra].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117732
Source
Kardiologiia. 2013;53(11):17-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
I A Urvantseva
L V Salamatina
I A Andreeva
E V Milovanova
S I Mamedova
O R Ibragimov
A A Seitov
Source
Kardiologiia. 2013;53(11):17-20
Date
2013
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Coronary Syndrome - epidemiology - therapy
Ambulatory Care - methods
Electrocardiography
Emergency Medical Services - methods
Female
Fibrinolytic Agents - therapeutic use
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate - trends
Thrombolytic Therapy - methods
Time Factors
Abstract
Aim of the study was assessment of efficacy of rendering urgent aid to patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at prehospital stage on the territory of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (KhMAO). The analysis showed that yearly about 5000 inhabitants of KhMAO-Yugra received prehospital medical care (30% because of acute myocardial infarction, 70% because of unstable angina). Over 3 years portion of persons requesting medical aid during first 3 hours after onset of pain attack increased 6.1%. Rate of prehospital fibrinolysis did not exceed 6.5%. Alteplase was used most often (79.7%). Late patient's appeal was among causes of rare application of thrombolytic therapy (41.8%). Most physicians responsible for prehospital care considered it necessary to refer patients with ACS directly to centers of interventional cardiology. The data obtained would promote improvement of quality of medical aid to ACS patients at prehospital stage.
PubMed ID
24654430 View in PubMed
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[ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME WITHOUT ST SEGMENT ELEVATION: POSSIBILITIES FOR PREDICTING THE CLINICAL COURSE AT THE POST-HOSPITAL (6 AND 12 MONTHS) STAGE].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275680
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2016;94(3):205-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2016;94(3):205-10
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Coronary Syndrome - complications - diagnosis - metabolism - mortality
Aged
Calcium - blood
Creatinine - blood
Electrocardiography
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Interleukin-10 - blood
Interleukin-6 - blood
Male
Melatonin - analogs & derivatives - urine
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - etiology
Potassium - blood
Predictive value of tests
Prognosis
Risk assessment
Russia - epidemiology
Sodium - metabolism
Abstract
To measure blood IL-6, IL-10, creatinine levels, calcium, sodium and potassium in blood and saliva, melatonin in urine of patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST segment elevation for the prediction of the clinical course at the post-hospital stage.
The study included 93 patients with complicated (n = 46) and uncomplicated (n = 47) coronary syndrome without ST segment elevation. Blood IL-6, IL-1, creatinine levels, calcium, sodium and potassium in blood and saliva, melatoni n in urine were determined on days 1-3 after hospitalization. 6-hydroxymelatonin was measured by HPLC in urine collected between 23 p.m. and 8 a.m., melatonin i in urine collected between 8 a.m. and 23 p.m.
Complicated coronary syndrome was associated with increased levels of melatonin (night), blood IL-10 and Na, salivary, Na and Ca while the uncomplicated condition with increased blood melatonin (daytime), IL-6, creatinine, Ca, Na, K, and salivary K. 90 patients were followed up within 12 months after discharge. End-points developed in 36 (40%) of them. Logistic analysis yielded variables and 2 logistic regression equations The data on night melatonin +5 and +4 were included in ROC analysis. The night melatonin +5 values over 0.7453 were associated with increased risk of complications in the post-hospital period (6 months) and values of 0.7453 or lower with the enhanced probability of uncomplicated clinical course. Prognostic sensitivity was estimated at 90%, specificity at -54.39%. The night melatonin +4 values over 0.2903 were associated with increased risk of complications in the post-hospital period (12 months) and values of 0.2903 or lower with the enhanced probability of uncomplicated clinical course. Prognostic sensitivity was estimated at 77.8%, specificity at -59.26%.
The night melatonin +5 and +4 models can be used to predict the clinical course of acute coronary syndrome during 6 and 12 months of the post-hospitalization period.
PubMed ID
27522726 View in PubMed
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[ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY AND IN-HOSPITAL MORTALITY IN PATIENTS WITH STROKE].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270161
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2015;93(7):50-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
A M Gerdt
A M Shutov
M V Menzorov
V V Naydenova
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2015;93(7):50-5
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Kidney Injury - diagnosis - etiology - mortality - physiopathology
Aged
Creatinine - blood
Female
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Kidney Function Tests - methods
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Stroke - complications - mortality
Abstract
to estimate the frequency and severity of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with stroke and the influence of AKI on intra-hospital lethality.
180 patients with stroke. 8 (4.4%) of them died within 24 hr after admission. It was impossible to diagnose AKI in these patients from serum creatinine dynamics. The development of AKI was followed up in the remaining 80 (47.1%) men and 91 (52.9%) women (mean age 66.6 ± 11.2 yr). AKI was diagnosed and classified as recommended by KDIGO (2012).
AKI was documented in 47 (27.3%) patients including 13 (41.9%) and 34 (24.1%) with hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke respectively. Logistic regressive analysis revealed association of in-hospital lethality with AKI (relative risk 2.5; 95%, CI 1.7-3.8) regardless of sex, age, stroke type, duration of the disease prior to hospitalisation, arterial hypertension, and diabetes.
stroke is complicated by AKI in every fourth patient; in combination, they significantly increase intra-hospital lethality.
PubMed ID
26596060 View in PubMed
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[Acute surgical pathology of abdominal organs in the Orenburg Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180488
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2004 Jan-Feb;(1):18-21
Publication Type
Article
Author
N I Slepykh
B L Kolesnikov
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2004 Jan-Feb;(1):18-21
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdomen - pathology - surgery
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Gastrointestinal Diseases - epidemiology - pathology - surgery
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Abstract
A dynamic prognostication scheme was elaborated with respect to a potential demographic situation among the adult population on the basis of a study of prevalence of severe surgical diseases of the abdominal cavity. It makes it possible to plan a further surgical-service promotion, to forecast potential complications and to define measures of how to cut the number of such complications.
PubMed ID
15098384 View in PubMed
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[Adherence to Therapy as a Factor Determining Prognosis of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269009
Source
Kardiologiia. 2015;55(5):48-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
S A Pomeshkina
I V Borovik
I N Zavyrylina
E S Kagan
O L Barbarash
Source
Kardiologiia. 2015;55(5):48-53
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass
Coronary Artery Disease - surgery
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Patient compliance
Postoperative Care - methods
Postoperative Complications - epidemiology - prevention & control
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
Siberia - epidemiology
Survival Rate - trends
Abstract
to study the influence of the patients adherence to the recommended therapy after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on prognosis of postoperative period.
We examined 197 consecutive patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) who had undergone CABG. Age of patients was 38-75 years.
Assessment of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors showed that about half of patients had smoked before CABG and only a few gave up smoking after surgery. Number of patients with abdominal obesity increased by 8% after surgery. Number of patients involved in physical trainings remained unchanged. Adherence to drug therapy before CABG was low. Less than half of the patients took antiplatelet agents, beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, only 25% took statins. One year after CABG number of patients taking appropriate medications significantly increased. However, only half of patients managed to achieve the main objectives of secondary prevention.
PubMed ID
26615624 View in PubMed
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615 records – page 1 of 62.