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The Canadian total diet study design: 1992-1999.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116722
Source
Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2013;30(3):477-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Robert Dabeka
Xu-Liang Cao
Author Affiliation
Food Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada. bob_dabeka@hc-sc.gc.ca
Source
Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2013;30(3):477-90
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Diet
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Limit of Detection
Male
Middle Aged
Research Design
Young Adult
Abstract
This paper describes the design of the fourth phase of the Canadian total diet study, conducted for the period 1992-1999. During this phase, complete sets of foods were purchased from eight cities (from one of them twice). For each of the sets, individual foods were prepared as for consumption into about 140 different food composites at Kemptville College, homogenised and bottled. Water from Kemptville, Ontario, was used for the preparation of the foods. The composites were stored frozen at -20?C and then analysed in the Food Research Division for chlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans, pesticides, PCBs and trace elements. The analytical results were combined with average food consumption values for different age/sex groups, and dietary intakes were calculated. The design of the total diet study provided information to achieve the following goals: (a) background concentrations of the chemicals in the 140 different food composites, (b) average dietary intakes of the chemicals by the population and by different age/sex groups, (c) percent contribution of individual foods and food groups to the dietary intakes, (d) identification of individual contaminated foods and (e) identification of trends in human exposure with time.
PubMed ID
23368837 View in PubMed
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Berries reduce postprandial insulin responses to wheat and rye breads in healthy women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116740
Source
J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):430-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2013
Author
Riitta Törrönen
Marjukka Kolehmainen
Essi Sarkkinen
Kaisa Poutanen
Hannu Mykkänen
Leo Niskanen
Author Affiliation
Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
Source
J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):430-6
Date
Apr-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Blood Glucose - analysis
Bread
Cross-Over Studies
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Female
Finland
Fragaria
Fruit
Humans
Insulin - blood
Middle Aged
Photinia
Postprandial Period - physiology
Ribes
Secale cereale
Single-Blind Method
Starch - administration & dosage
Triticum
Vaccinium macrocarpon
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Abstract
Starch in white wheat bread (WB) induces high postprandial glucose and insulin responses. For rye bread (RB), the glucose response is similar, whereas the insulin response is lower. In vitro studies suggest that polyphenol-rich berries may reduce digestion and absorption of starch and thereby suppress postprandial glycemia, but the evidence in humans is limited. We investigated the effects of berries consumed with WB or RB on postprandial glucose and insulin responses. Healthy females (n = 13-20) participated in 3 randomized, controlled, crossover, 2-h meal studies. They consumed WB or RB, both equal to 50 g available starch, with 150 g whole-berry purée or the same amount of bread without berries as reference. In study 1, WB was served with strawberries, bilberries, or lingonberries and in study 2 with raspberries, cloudberries, or chokeberries. In study 3, WB or RB was served with a mixture of berries consisting of equal amounts of strawberries, bilberries, cranberries, and blackcurrants. Strawberries, bilberries, lingonberries, and chokeberries consumed with WB and the berry mixture consumed with WB or RB significantly reduced the postprandial insulin response. Only strawberries (36%) and the berry mixture (with WB, 38%; with RB, 19%) significantly improved the glycemic profile of the breads. These results suggest than when WB is consumed with berries, less insulin is needed for maintenance of normal or slightly improved postprandial glucose metabolism. The lower insulin response to RB compared with WB can also be further reduced by berries.
PubMed ID
23365108 View in PubMed
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Bomb-pulse 14C analysis combined with 13C and 15N measurements in blood serum from residents of Malmö, Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116804
Source
Radiat Environ Biophys. 2013 May;52(2):175-87
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Elisavet Georgiadou
Kristina Eriksson Stenström
Cintia Bertacchi Uvo
Peter Nilsson
Göran Skog
Sören Mattsson
Author Affiliation
Division of Nuclear Physics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden. elisavet.georgiadou@nuclear.lu.se
Source
Radiat Environ Biophys. 2013 May;52(2):175-87
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Carbon Isotopes - blood
Diet
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nitrogen Isotopes - blood
Nuclear Weapons
Radiation monitoring
Sweden
Abstract
The (14)C content of 60 human blood serum samples from residents of Malmö (Sweden) in 1978, obtained from a biobank, has been measured to estimate the accuracy of (14)C bomb-pulse dating. The difference between the date estimated using the Calibomb software and sampling date varied between -3 ± 0.4 and +0.2 ± 0.5 years. The average age deviation of all samples was -1.5 ± 0.7 years, with the delay between production and consumption of foodstuffs being probably the dominating cause. The potential influence of food habits on the (14)C date has been evaluated using stable isotope d(13)C and d(15)N analysis and information about the dietary habits of the investigated individuals. Although the group consisting of lacto-ovo vegetarians and vegans (pooled group) was not completely separated from the omnivores in a stable isotopic trophic level diagram, this analysis proved to add valuable information on probable dietary habits. The age deviation of the sampling date from the respective Calibomb date was found strongly correlated with the d(13)C values, probably due to influence from marine diet components. For the omnivore individuals, there were indications of seasonal effects on d(13)C and the age deviation. No significant correlation was found between the age deviation and the d(15)N values of any dietary group. No influence of sex or year of birth was found on neither the (14)C nor the d(13)C and d(15)N values of the serum samples. The data were also divided into two groups (omnivores and pooled group), based on the level of d(15)N in the samples. The consumption of high d(15)N-valued fish and birds can be responsible for this clustering.
Notes
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PubMed ID
23358598 View in PubMed
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Infrequent attention to dietary and physical activity behaviours in conversations in Swedish child health services.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116828
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2013 May;102(5):520-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
B. Bohman
M. Eriksson
M. Lind
A. Ghaderi
L. Forsberg
F. Rasmussen
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. benjamin.bohman@ki.se
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2013 May;102(5):520-4
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child Behavior
Child Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Diet
Exercise
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Nurses - statistics & numerical data
Parents
Public Health Surveillance
Sweden
Abstract
To investigate conversations between nurses and parents in Swedish child health services and to assess to what extent attention is directed towards dietary and physical activity behaviours in children.
Twenty-three nurses audio-recorded one session each. Recordings were assessed and topics were classified according to predetermined categories.
The three most frequent topics of conversation concerned physical examinations of the child (30% of session time), talking to the child to establish or maintain contact and interest (15%), and development of language skills (12%). Dietary habits came on fourth place (10%), and physical activity ranked 14 (4%).
Attention to dietary and physical activity behaviours in children is infrequent in Swedish child health services. Concern is raised about the efficacy of prevention efforts against childhood obesity.
PubMed ID
23356388 View in PubMed
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Consumption of flaxseed, a rich source of lignans, is associated with reduced breast cancer risk.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116850
Source
Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Apr;24(4):813-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2013
Author
Elizabeth C Lowcock
Michelle Cotterchio
Beatrice A Boucher
Author Affiliation
Prevention and Cancer Control, Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 2L7, Canada. beth.lowcock@cancercare.on.ca
Source
Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Apr;24(4):813-6
Date
Apr-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Breast Neoplasms - etiology - prevention & control
Canada
Case-Control Studies
Diet
Female
Flax
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lignans - therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Risk factors
Abstract
To investigate the association between intake of flaxseed-the richest source of dietary lignans (a class of phytoestrogens)-and breast cancer risk.
A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure the consumption of flaxseed and flax bread by 2,999 women with breast cancer and 3,370 healthy control women who participated in the Ontario Women's Diet and Health Study (2002-2003). Logistic regression was used to investigate associations between consumption of flaxseed and flax bread and breast cancer risk. Confounding by established and suspected breast cancer risk factors, as well as dietary factors, was assessed.
Flaxseed or flax bread was consumed at least weekly by 21 % of control women. None of the 19 variables assessed were identified as confounders of the associations between flaxseed or flax bread and breast cancer risk. Consumption of flaxseed was associated with a significant reduction in breast cancer risk (odds ratio (OR) = 0.82, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.69-0.97), as was consumption of flax bread (OR = 0.77, 95 % CI 0.67-0.89).
This Canadian study is, to our knowledge, the first to report on the association between flaxseed alone and breast cancer risk and has found that flaxseed intake is associated with a reduction in breast cancer risk. As dietary intake of flaxseed is modifiable, this finding may be of public health importance with respect to breast cancer prevention.
PubMed ID
23354422 View in PubMed
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[Diet, cholesterol and carbohydrates].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116952
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Jan 22;133(2):184-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-22-2013
Author
Tor Ole Klemsdal
Author Affiliation
Avdeling for endokrinologi, sykelig overvekt og forebyggende medisin, Medisinsk klinikk, Oslo universitetssykehus, Ullevål, Norway. tor.ole.klemsdal@vikenfiber.no
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Jan 22;133(2):184-6
Date
Jan-22-2013
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - diet therapy - epidemiology - prevention & control
Cholesterol, HDL - blood
Cholesterol, LDL - blood
Diet
Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted
Diet, Fat-Restricted
Dietary Carbohydrates - adverse effects
Dietary Fats - adverse effects
Guidelines as Topic
Humans
Norway - epidemiology
Overweight - diet therapy - prevention & control
Weight Loss
Notes
Comment In: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Mar 19;133(6):613-423552148
Comment In: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Mar 19;133(6):61423552149
Comment In: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Mar 19;133(6):61323552147
PubMed ID
23344605 View in PubMed
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Habitual dietary intake is associated with stool microbiota composition in monozygotic twins.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116968
Source
J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):417-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2013
Author
Catarina D Simões
Johanna Maukonen
Jaakko Kaprio
Aila Rissanen
Kirsi H Pietiläinen
Maria Saarela
Author Affiliation
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland. catarina.simoes@helsinki.fi
Source
J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):417-23
Date
Apr-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bacterial Load
Bacteroides - genetics
Bifidobacterium - genetics
Body Composition
Body mass index
Clostridium
DNA, Bacterial - analysis - isolation & purification
Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis
Diet
Dietary Fats, Unsaturated - administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber - administration & dosage
Energy intake
Eubacterium - genetics
Feces - microbiology
Female
Finland
Food Habits - physiology
Humans
Lactobacillus - genetics
Male
Obesity - microbiology
Overweight - microbiology
Polymerase Chain Reaction
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S - analysis
Twins, Monozygotic - genetics
Abstract
The impact of diet on the gut microbiota has usually been assessed by subjecting people to the same controlled diet and thereafter following the shifts in the microbiota. In the present study, we used habitual dietary intake, clinical data, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) to characterize the stool microbiota of Finnish monozygotic twins. The effect of diet on the numbers of bacteria was described through a hierarchical linear mixed model that included the twin individuals, stratified by body mass index, and their families as random effects. The abundance and diversity of the bacterial groups studied did not differ between normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals with the techniques used. Intakes of energy, monounsaturated fatty acids, n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), n6 PUFAs, and soluble fiber had significant associations with the stool bacterial numbers (e.g., increased energy intake was associated with reduced numbers of Bacteroides spp.). In addition, co-twins with identical energy intake had more similar numbers and DGGE-profile diversities of Bacteroides spp. than did the co-twins with different intake. Moreover, the co-twins who ingested the same amounts of saturated fatty acids had very similar DGGE profiles of Bacteroides spp., whereas the co-twins with similar consumption of fiber had a very low bifidobacterial DGGE-profile similarity. In conclusion, our findings confirm that the diet plays an important role in the modulation of the stool microbiota, in particular Bacteroides spp. and bifidobacteria.
PubMed ID
23343669 View in PubMed
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[Diet of six-year-old Icelandic children - National dietary survey 2011-2012].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117006
Source
Laeknabladid. 2013 Jan;99(1):17-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2013
Author
Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir
Hafdis Helgadottir
Birna Thorisdottir
Inga Thorsdottir
Author Affiliation
University of Iceland, Iceland. ingigun@hi.is
Source
Laeknabladid. 2013 Jan;99(1):17-23
Date
Jan-2013
Language
Icelandic
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Child
Child Behavior
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Dairy Products
Diet
Dietary Fats
Dietary Fiber
Dietary Sucrose
Energy intake
Food Habits
Fruit
Humans
Iceland
Minerals
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status
Seafood
Vegetables
Vitamins
Abstract
Knowledge of dietary habits makes the basis for public nutrition policy. The aim of this study was to assess dietary intake of Icelandic six-year-olds.
Subjects were randomly selected six-year-old children (n=162). Dietary intake was assessed by three-day-weighed food records. Food and nutrient intake was compared with the Icelandic food based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and recommended intake of vitamins and minerals.
Fruit and vegetable intake was on average 275±164 g/d, and less than 20% of the subjects consumed =400 g/day. Fish and cod liver oil intake was in line with the FBDG among approximately 25% of subjects. Most subjects (87%) consumed at least two portions of dairy products daily. Food with relatively low nutrient density (cakes, cookies, sugar sweetened drinks, sweets and ice-cream) provided up to 25% of total energy intake. The contribution of saturated fatty acids to total energy intake was 14.1%. Less than 20% of the children consumed dietary fibers in line with recommendations, and for saturated fat and salt only 5% consumed less than the recommended upper limits. Average intake of most vitamins and minerals, apart from vitamin-D, was higher than the recommended intake.
Although the vitamin and mineral density of the diet seems adequate, with the exception of vitamin-D, the contribution of low energy density food to total energy intake is high. Intake of vegetables, fruits, fish and cod liver oil is not in line with public recommendations. Strategies aiming at improving diet of young children are needed.
PubMed ID
23341402 View in PubMed
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Cluster analysis of fruit and vegetable-related perceptions: an alternative approach of consumer segmentation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117037
Source
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2013 Feb;26(1):38-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2013
Author
A-M Simunaniemi
M. Nydahl
A. Andersson
Author Affiliation
Department for Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden. anna-mari.simunaniemi@jedu.fi
Source
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2013 Feb;26(1):38-47
Date
Feb-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude
Beverages
Cluster analysis
Commerce
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Female
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Fruit
Humans
Male
Memory
Middle Aged
Perception
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Sweden
Vegetables
Young Adult
Abstract
Audience segmentation optimises health communication aimed to promote healthy dietary habits, such as fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption. The present study aimed to segment respondents into clusters based on F&V-related perceptions, and to describe these clusters with respect to F&V consumption and sex.
The cross-sectional study was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire. The respondents were randomly selected among Swedish adults (n = 1304; response rate 51%; 56% women). A two-step cluster analysis was conducted followed by a binary logistic regression with cluster membership as a dependent variable. The clusters were compared using t-tests and chi-squared tests. P
PubMed ID
23339430 View in PubMed
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Probabilistic assessment of the cumulative dietary exposure of the population of Denmark to endocrine disrupting pesticides.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117109
Source
Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 May;55:113-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Bodil Hamborg Jensen
Annette Petersen
Sofie Christiansen
Julie Boberg
Marta Axelstad
Susan S Herrmann
Mette Erecius Poulsen
Ulla Hass
Author Affiliation
National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark. bhje@food.dtu.dk
Source
Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 May;55:113-20
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Diet
Endocrine Disruptors - toxicity
Environmental Exposure
Food Contamination
Humans
Pesticides - toxicity
Probability
Abstract
The four pesticides epoxiconazole, prochloraz, procymidone and tebuconazole, are commonly used pesticides, all suspected of acting as endocrine disrupters. In the present study, we assessed the acute cumulative dietary exposure to the women of child bearing age and the general population of Denmark to these pesticides from the intake of fruit and vegetables. The assessment was carried out using the probabilistic approach combined with the relative potency factor (RPF) approach. Residue data for prochloraz, procymidone, and tebuconazole were obtained from the Danish monitoring programme 2006-2009, while residue data for epoxiconazole were obtained from the Swedish monitoring programme carried out in the period 2007-2009. Food consumption data were obtained from the Danish nationwide dietary survey conducted in 2000-2002. Relative potency factors for the four pesticides were obtained from rat studies. Prochloraz was used as the index compound. All four pesticides increased nipple retention in male offspring, and epoxiconazole, prochloraz, and tebuconazole also increased the gestation period in pregnant rat dams. For women of childbearing age, the high-end cumulative exposure (99.9th percentile) was calculated to 9% of the Adjusted Reference Value (ARV) for the effect on nipple retention and to 1% of the ARV for the effect on increased gestation period.
PubMed ID
23333574 View in PubMed
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2953 records – page 1 of 296.