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24535 records – page 1 of 2454.

Predictors of blood pressure change in a series of controlled dietary intervention studies.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234418
Source
J Hum Hypertens. 1987 Dec;1(3):167-73
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
A. Nissinen
P. Pietinen
J. Tuomilehto
E. Vartiainen
J M Iacono
P. Puska
Author Affiliation
National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
J Hum Hypertens. 1987 Dec;1(3):167-73
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood pressure
Clinical Trials as Topic
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Fats, Unsaturated - administration & dosage
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hypertension - diet therapy
Male
Middle Aged
Random Allocation
Abstract
Three controlled dietary intervention studies were carried out in 1981-1983 in North Karelia, Finland, to asses the impact of dietary fat intake modification on blood pressure (BP). All these studies involved middle-aged men and women in rural or semirural areas and comprised a baseline period, a six week (or 12 weeks in the third study) intervention period and a four to six week return to baseline. During the intervention period the total fat intake was reduced from 39% to 24% of energy and the polyunsaturated/saturated (P/S) ratio increased from 0.2 to 0.4-1.2. In all groups energy intake was kept constant. For the present report data from the three studies were pooled for a series of stepwise regression analyses to predict changes in BP with different dietary changes. For both systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, change in polyunsaturated fatty acid intake was the strongest dietary predictor of BP change. Changes in body weight, total fat intake, urinary sodium and potassium did not have significant predictive power in any of the analyses. The findings support the hypothesis that modification of dietary fat intake is a significant predictor of change in BP.
PubMed ID
3333530 View in PubMed
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The validity of immunological studies in human immunodeficiency virus infection: a three-year follow-up of 235 homo- or bisexual persons.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234433
Source
Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand C. 1987 Dec;95(6):275-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
J. Antonen
A. Ranki
S L Valle
E. Seppälä
H. Vapaatalo
J. Suni
K. Krohn
Author Affiliation
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.
Source
Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand C. 1987 Dec;95(6):275-82
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - etiology - immunology
Antibodies, Viral - analysis
Bisexuality
Dinoprostone
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Homosexuality
Humans
Lymphocyte Activation
Male
Prostaglandins E - blood
T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer - immunology
T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory - immunology
beta 2-Microglobulin - metabolism
Abstract
During a three-year follow-up study of 235 risk-group people living in Finland, we found a slow increase in the proportion of HIV seropositives (from 9.8% to 14.0%) and a slow but continuous advance in symptoms typical of HIV infection among them. The first immunological changes after HIV seroconversion were an increase in Ts-cells and a decline in antigen-induced T-cell functions (proliferation, IL-2 production). A further decline in antigen-induced responses was seen before early clinical symptoms and signs of HIV infection developed. During later phases of HIV infection the decrease of Th-cells and the elevation of serum Beta-2 microglobulin correlated most strongly with the progression of HIV infection. The mitogen-induced lymphocyte functions of the HIV-infected correlated to Th-cell levels, while the antigen-induced proliferation and IL-2 production showed correlation neither to Th-cells nor to Ts-cells. The poor antigen-induced T-cell responses might be caused by abnormally functioning monocytes, known to be infected by HIV. Our results suggest that in HIV infection there is a continuous but slow disease progression, although individual variation may be great. The immunological parameter best predicting the prognosis of an infected person in the early phases of infection was the antigen-induced lymphocyte functions, and later the amount of Th-cells.
PubMed ID
2964770 View in PubMed
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The University of Manitoba Follow-up Study--an investigation of cardiovascular disease with 35 years of follow-up (1948-1983).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234512
Source
Can J Cardiol. 1987 Nov-Dec;3(8):378-82
Publication Type
Article

Occurrence of symptomatic knee osteoarthrosis in rural Finland: a prospective follow up study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234514
Source
Ann Rheum Dis. 1987 Nov;46(11):804-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1987
Author
P. Kannus
M. Järvinen
H. Kontiala
L. Bergius
E. Hyssy
E. Salminen
A. Tuomi
T. Unkila
I. Valtanen
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.
Source
Ann Rheum Dis. 1987 Nov;46(11):804-8
Date
Nov-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Bone Diseases - epidemiology - therapy
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Joint Diseases - epidemiology - therapy
Knee Joint
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Rural Population
Sex Factors
Abstract
All visits to physicians in the Orivesi Region Federation of Municipalities for Public Health Work in Finland paid due to symptomatic osteoarthrosis of the knee joint were prospectively recorded over a period of one year. Two hundred and thirty four visits were made, accounting for 0.63% of all visits. The prevalence of knee osteoarthrosis was 1.11% (men 0.45%, women 1.72%), and the incidence was 0.60%. The disease occurred almost twice as often in the right knee than in the left. The study provides basic information about patients needing medical help because of symptomatic knee osteoarthrosis. The results can be used as an aid to the planning of examination and treatment resources and in assessment of the need for such services.
Notes
Cites: Ann Rheum Dis. 1966 Jan;25(1):1-245905334
Cites: Nord Med. 1986;101(10):272-53786124
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1973 Jun;(93):271-34722952
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1973 Jul-Aug;(94):153-704743445
Cites: Scand J Rheumatol. 1974;3(3):145-534428194
Cites: Ann Rheum Dis. 1975 Oct;34(5):379-871221922
Cites: Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1977 Feb;115(1):12-20139040
Cites: J Rheumatol. 1980 Nov-Dec;7(6):877-856970816
Cites: Scand J Rheumatol. 1981;10(1):9-156452689
Cites: Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1982 Sep-Oct;120(5):708-166758391
Cites: Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1982;47:15-296984773
Cites: Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1982;47:31-426984774
Cites: J Rheumatol. 1983 Apr;10(2):282-76864681
Cites: Clin Rheumatol. 1984 Sep;3(3):293-3036488707
Cites: Clin Rheum Dis. 1986 Apr;12(1):131-533522082
Cites: Clin Rheum Dis. 1986 Apr;12(1):155-723720258
Cites: Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 1971 Oct-Nov;57(7):575-814261577
PubMed ID
3426287 View in PubMed
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Management of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Danish cystic fibrosis patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234517
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand. 1987 Nov;76(6):955-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1987
Author
S S Pedersen
T. Jensen
N. Høiby
C. Koch
E W Flensborg
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand. 1987 Nov;76(6):955-61
Date
Nov-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Cystic Fibrosis - drug therapy - microbiology - mortality
Denmark
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lactams
Lung Diseases - drug therapy - epidemiology - etiology
Male
Pseudomonas Infections - drug therapy - epidemiology - etiology
Respiratory Function Tests
Tobramycin - therapeutic use
Abstract
The annual mortality rate of cystic fibrosis patients with chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection at the Danish CF-centre ranged from 10 to 20% in the years 1970-1975. In this period the patients received antipseudomonal chemotherapy only during acute exacerbations of infection. From 1976 99 patients acquired chronic P. aeruginosa infection and were given regular and intensive antipseudomonal treatment 3-4 times per year. The patients were followed for 612 patient-years; 7 died and the 10-year survival rate after onset of P. aeruginosa infection was 90% +/- 4%. The annual mortality rate is now 1-2%. Although precipitating antibodies against P. aeruginosa increased significantly, pulmonary function did not deteriorate with duration of infection. Cross-infection between patients caused an increased incidence of chronic P. aeruginosa infection which was reduced by hygienic measures.
PubMed ID
3425313 View in PubMed
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[Patient survival over 20 to 25 years after mitral commissurotomy].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234535
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1987 Nov;139(11):13-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1987
Author
B A Korolev
V V Karov
E I Romanov
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1987 Nov;139(11):13-8
Date
Nov-1987
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Mitral Valve - surgery
Mitral Valve Stenosis - mortality - surgery
Recurrence
Reoperation
Russia
Sex Factors
Time Factors
Abstract
The authors report that 282 of 457 patients (62%) are alive for 20-25 years after mitral commissurotomy. The twenty-five-year survival is higher in women (70%) than in men (30%).
PubMed ID
2967577 View in PubMed
Less detail

Three-year tracking of serum fatty acids in Finnish boys and girls.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234615
Source
Atherosclerosis. 1987 Oct;67(2-3):191-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1987
Author
T. Moilanen
J. Viikari
L. Räsänen
H K Akerblom
M. Uhari
S. Kimppa
T. Nikkari
Author Affiliation
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.
Source
Atherosclerosis. 1987 Oct;67(2-3):191-7
Date
Oct-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Aging - blood
Child
Child, Preschool
Cholesterol Esters - blood
Diet
Fatty Acids - blood
Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated - blood
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Sex Factors
Abstract
The composition of fatty acids in serum lipids has been shown to reflect the quality of dietary fat. In order to examine the long-term stability (tracking) of the serum (and hence dietary) fatty acid composition serum cholesteryl ester fatty acids were analysed by gas chromatography in a randomly selected population sample of 1029 Finnish boys and girls aged 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 years, and again from the same individuals 3 years later. The tracking was evaluated by calculating linear correlation coefficients for the percentages of individual fatty acids between the 2 time points. For all fatty acids the correlations were highly significant, e.g. for linoleate and arachidonate they were 0.58 and 0.61, respectively. In 1980 the means of the percentages of some fatty acids showed certain differences between the various age and sex groups; in 1983 these differences had become smaller and had largely shifted towards three years older age groups, implying that the differences were due to dietary differences between the cohorts rather than to age and sex per se. The present results indicate that serum fatty acid composition has a fairly good biological reproducibility (tracking) and suggest that age and sex as such are only minor determinants of the serum fatty acid composition.
PubMed ID
3675713 View in PubMed
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Supportive follow-up for cigarette smokers in a family practice: issues of method, analysis and state of the art.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234622
Source
CMAJ. 1987 Oct 1;137(7):609-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1-1987
Author
D M Wilson
J. Singer
J A Best
Author Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont.
Source
CMAJ. 1987 Oct 1;137(7):609-12
Date
Oct-1-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Family Practice
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Office Visits
Ontario
Research Design
Smoking - therapy
Statistics as Topic
Abstract
Kozlowski and Page have criticized a study published in 1982 in CMAJ on the effects of supportive follow-up on the rate at which patients quit smoking cigarettes. We agree with some of their general sentiments about the need for establishing a consensus on the evaluation of smoking cessation programs. More specifically, we defend the particular analysis originally used, given the state of knowledge and constraints on the study. We examine their main objections: the definition of successful cessation, the design of the study, the exclusion of patients lost to follow-up, the methods of statistical analysis used and the strength of more recent evidence on the usefulness of follow-up visits. We believe that the role of supportive follow-up deserves further evaluation.
Notes
Cites: Br Med J. 1979 Jul 28;2(6184):231-5476401
Cites: Can Med Assoc J. 1982 Jan 15;126(2):127-97037143
Cites: Addict Behav. 1982;7(3):299-3027180625
Cites: Prev Med. 1984 Sep;13(5):517-276396639
Cites: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985 May 11;290(6479):1397-83922510
Cites: NIDA Res Monogr. 1983;48:74-896443147
Cites: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986 Mar 22;292(6523):803-63082450
PubMed ID
3651925 View in PubMed
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Late psychosocial outcome in severe blunt head trauma.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234631
Source
Brain Inj. 1987 Oct-Dec;1(2):131-43
Publication Type
Article

Prognosis for sarcoidosis in a defined geographical area.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234633
Source
Br J Dis Chest. 1987 Oct;81(4):381-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1987
Author
E. Huhti
A. Poukkula
M. Lilja
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, University Central Hospital, Oulu, Finland.
Source
Br J Dis Chest. 1987 Oct;81(4):381-90
Date
Oct-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lung Diseases - drug therapy - physiopathology - radiography
Male
Middle Aged
Prednisolone - therapeutic use
Prognosis
Respiratory Function Tests
Sarcoidosis - drug therapy - physiopathology - radiography
Abstract
One hundred and ninety-nine cases of sarcoidosis were diagnosed from July 1970 to December 1976 in a defined geographical area in northern Finland. At the follow-up examination at least 5 years later (range 5-12 years) a chest röntgenogram was obtained from 179 patients (90%) and lung function tests were performed by 169 patients (85%). A normal röntgenogram was achieved by 94 of the 113 patients with stage I sarcoidosis (83%), and by 36 of the 62 patients with stage II (58%). Two patients in the former group (2%) and 14 in the latter (23%) had progressed to the fibrotic stage III, but the fibrosis was usually slight. FEV1 and FVC had increased during the follow-up period, DCO showing the largest number of abnormal results in the final examination. Lung function largely normalized with a normal röntgenogram, whereas the functional outcome was worst where fibrosis had developed. Only two patients had been granted a disability pension because of sarcoidosis. Six patients had died, but none of sarcoidosis. The results show a favourable prognosis for sarcoidosis in this comprehensive series of patients.
PubMed ID
3449122 View in PubMed
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24535 records – page 1 of 2454.