Skip header and navigation

Refine By

  • All Records

299170 records – page 1 of 29917.

[Hygienic aspects of the life styles of the population in relation to residential environmental factors].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234398
Source
Gig Sanit. 1987 Dec;(12):7-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987

Rate of mortality for elderly patients after fracture of the hip in the 1980's.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234399
Source
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Dec;69(9):1335-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
B L White
W D Fisher
C A Laurin
Author Affiliation
Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Source
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Dec;69(9):1335-40
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Bone Plates
Bone Screws
Female
Fracture Fixation, Internal - instrumentation
Hip Fractures - mortality - surgery
Humans
Joint Prosthesis
Male
Middle Aged
Quebec
Risk factors
Abstract
At an average follow-up of 2.1 years, we reviewed the records of 241 patients who had had a fracture of the hip. The average age of the patients was 75.4 years. The rate of mortality one year after the fracture was 21.6 per cent for the total group, 8.0 per cent for the low-risk group, and 49.4 per cent for the high-risk group. The standard mortality ratio was six times higher for the high-risk group than for the general population (individuals who did not have a fracture), matched for age. It was highest for patients who were less than seventy years old and lowest for those who were older than eighty. However, in the second year after the fracture, the standard mortality ratio approached unity--that is, the rate of mortality approached that of the general population. The results suggest that there is an inverse relationship between mortality and advanced age and that the impact of a fracture of the hip on mortality is seen primarily in the first year after injury.
PubMed ID
3440792 View in PubMed
Less detail

Chernobyl's challenge to the environment: a report from Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234400
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1987 Dec;67(2-3):133-48
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
D. Mascanzoni
Author Affiliation
Department of Radioecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1987 Dec;67(2-3):133-48
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Animals, Wild
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Dairy Products - analysis
Food contamination, radioactive
Humans
Nuclear Reactors
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Sweden
Ukraine
Abstract
This paper reports the levels of radiocesium registered in about 9000 samples collected in different parts of Sweden following the Chernobyl accident during the period May-November 1986. The maximum Cs levels were detected in reindeer, freshwater fish and mushrooms. Parameters possibly affecting the nuclide concentration in different biota are briefly discussed.
PubMed ID
3438738 View in PubMed
Less detail

Acidic deposition and human exposure to toxic metals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234401
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1987 Dec;67(2-3):101-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
B G Svensson
A. Björnham
A. Schütz
U. Lettevall
A. Nilsson
S. Skerfving
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1987 Dec;67(2-3):101-15
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cadmium - blood
Environmental Exposure
Health status
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lead - blood
Life Style
Mercury - blood
Metals - analysis - blood
Questionnaires
Selenium - blood
Sweden
Water Pollutants - analysis
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Water Supply - analysis
Abstract
Acid precipitation affects the solubility of several metals in aquatic systems and in soil. Cadmium levels in tap water samples from geological areas having low resistance to acidic pollution were significantly higher than those in samples from a neighbouring reference area where there was a different geological structure. The median cadmium levels and pH values were 0.14 microgram l-1 and 5.6 respectively, for the acidic areas compared with 0.07 microgram l-1 and 6.4 respectively for the reference area. Further, there was a significant inverse relationship between both cadmium and lead contents and the pH values of the samples. The mobility of the metals was thus dependent on the acidity. The blood lead levels in 195 subjects from the acidic areas were lower than those in 91 subjects from the reference area (medians 60 vs. 70 micrograms l-1); no significant differences were found in blood cadmium or blood mercury levels. Subjects in the acidic areas had lower plasma selenium levels than those from the reference area (medians 85 vs. 90 micrograms l-1); the difference was mainly attributed to subjects with private wells. The data may indicate a negative effect of the acidic pollution on selenium intake via water and/or foods. There was also a positive relationship between intake of fish on the one hand and blood mercury and plasma selenium on the other, which is in accordance with the role of fish as a source of these metals.
PubMed ID
3438737 View in PubMed
Less detail

[In Quebec they say "you have cancer"].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234402
Source
Rev Infirm. 1987 Dec;37(20):20-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987

Repetitive escape nightmares of refugees.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234403
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Dec;65(3):895-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
Z Z Cernovsky
Author Affiliation
St. Thomas Psychiatric Hospital, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1987 Dec;65(3):895-8
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Aged
Czechoslovakia - ethnology
Dreams
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Ontario
Refugees - psychology
Abstract
Questionnaire responses of 38 Czechoslovak refugees indicated that 84.2% experienced, at least once, a nightmare about being back in their ex-homeland and trying to escape again. The escape nightmares were most frequent within the first 2 years after escape. A significant decrease in frequency was noted 4 years after escape and during the subsequent years.
PubMed ID
3438134 View in PubMed
Less detail

Audit of psychoactive drug prescriptions in group homes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234404
Source
Ment Retard. 1987 Dec;25(6):331-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987

Differential diagnosis of jaundice: junior staff experience with the Copenhagen pocket chart.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234405
Source
Liver. 1987 Dec;7(6):333-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
A. Malchow-Møller
L. Mindeholm
H S Rasmussen
B. Rasmussen
F. Wilhelmsen
J S Petersen
S. Jørgensen
J. Hilden
C. Thomsen
P. Matzen
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen; Denmark.
Source
Liver. 1987 Dec;7(6):333-8
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Denmark
Diagnosis, Differential
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Humans
Jaundice - etiology
Medical Staff, Hospital
Probability
Students, Medical
Abstract
Originally published in 1984, the Copenhagen Pocket Chart for early differentiation between causes of jaundice has been tested with success in centres outside Denmark. Using a logistic discrimination model, it estimates probabilities of obstruction and non-obstruction in each case (and provides a further subdivision if desired). Here we evaluate its performance in the hands of young clinicians on a consecutive series of 173 jaundiced patients from two Danish hospitals. The chart performed as well as in the original series: confident diagnoses (probability greater than or equal to 0.80) were assigned to 124 patients; of these 115 proved correct (93%). In 46 patients diagnostic probabilities were less than 0.80, and 3 patients had an unknown cause of jaundice. There were 108 cases in which physician and chart were in agreement, both with a confident diagnosis, and only one of these cases was wrong. In one hospital, contributing 107 cases, each patient was independently examined by a medical student in addition to the physician's examination. Student performance was equally good, practically speaking, in particular when taking the scores on the chart into consideration. As to observer disagreement, the student and the physician typically differed on 0-2 of the chart's 21 items. In no case, however, did this lead to a confident obstructive diagnosis being changed into a confident diagnosis of non-obstruction, or vice versa.
PubMed ID
3437795 View in PubMed
Less detail

Phase II study of acivicin as a 72-hr continuous infusion in patients with untreated colorectal cancer. A National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234406
Source
Invest New Drugs. 1987 Dec;5(4):375-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
E A Eisenhauer
J A Maroun
A L Fields
P L Walde
Author Affiliation
NCIC Clinical Trials Group, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Invest New Drugs. 1987 Dec;5(4):375-8
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic - administration & dosage - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Canada
Colonic Neoplasms - drug therapy
Drug Evaluation
Female
Humans
Infusions, Intravenous
Isoxazoles - administration & dosage - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Oxazoles - therapeutic use
Rectal Neoplasms - drug therapy
Abstract
The National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) Clinical Trials Group has carried out a phase II study of acivicin given as a 72-hour continuous infusion in previously untreated patients with measurable metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Toxicity in 24 patients was mild to moderate and consisted primarily of GI symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or CNS changes including drowsiness, lethargy, dizziness. No responses were seen in 23 evaluable patients. We did not find acivicin given as described to be effective in colorectal carcinoma.
PubMed ID
3436743 View in PubMed
Less detail

The female offender: a Canadian study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature234407
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1987 Dec;32(9):749-55
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
R G Robertson
R G Bankier
L. Schwartz
Author Affiliation
Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1987 Dec;32(9):749-55
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada
Child Abuse, Sexual
Crime
Criminal Psychology
Family
Female
Homicide
Humans
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Sexual Behavior
Substance-Related Disorders - psychology
Violence
Abstract
Consecutive female admissions to the Winnipeg Remand Centre were studied and data concerning personal history, family background, psychological factors and mental health were recorded. An effort was made to determine a typical profile of female offenders and relate this to the alleged offences. Our data failed to identify what has been described by others as the "new female criminal".
PubMed ID
3435880 View in PubMed
Less detail

299170 records – page 1 of 29917.