The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pediatric heart failure (HF) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. This article presents guidelines for the recognition, diagnosis, and early medical management of HF in infancy, childhood, and adolescence. The guidelines are intended to assist practitioners in office-based or emergency room practice, who encounter children with undiagnosed heart disease and symptoms of possible HF, rather than those who have already received surgical palliation. The guidelines have been developed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology, and are accompanied by practical Recommendations for their application in the clinical setting, supplemented by online material. This work does not include Recommendations for advanced management involving ventricular assist devices, or other device therapies.
[Proceedings of the conference on Progress of the Presidential Programme "Russia's Children" and its related federal special programs "The Children of the North" and "The Children from Families of Refugees and Forced Migrants" on the section of prevention of parasitic diseases].
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the Office of Rare Disorders sponsored a workshop on perinatal and childhood stroke in Bethesda, Maryland, on September 18 and 19, 2000. This was an international workshop to bring together experts in the field of perinatal and childhood stroke. Topics covered included epidemiology, animal models, risk factors, outcome and prognosis, and areas of future research for perinatal and childhood stroke. Stroke in infants and children is an important cause of morbidity and mortality and an emerging area for clinical and translational research. Currently, there is no consensus on the classification, evaluation, outcome measurement, or treatment of perinatal and childhood stroke. Pediatric stroke registries are needed to generate data regarding risk factors, recurrence, and outcome. The impact of maternal and perinatal factors on risk and outcome of neonatal stroke needs to be studied. This information is essential to identifying significant areas for future treatment and prevention.