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35 records – page 1 of 4.

No progressive brain changes during a 1-year follow-up of patients with first-episode psychosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276617
Source
Psychol Med. 2016 Feb;46(3):589-98
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2016
Author
U K Haukvik
C B Hartberg
S. Nerland
K N Jørgensen
E H Lange
C. Simonsen
R. Nesvåg
A M Dale
O A Andreassen
I. Melle
I. Agartz
Source
Psychol Med. 2016 Feb;46(3):589-98
Date
Feb-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Bipolar Disorder - drug therapy - pathology
Case-Control Studies
Cerebral Cortex - pathology
Disease Progression
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Psychotic Disorders - drug therapy - pathology
Schizophrenia - drug therapy - pathology
Young Adult
Abstract
First-episode psychosis (FEP) patients show structural brain abnormalities. Whether the changes are progressive or not remain under debate, and the results from longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies are mixed. We investigated if FEP patients showed a different pattern of regional brain structural change over a 1-year period compared with healthy controls, and if putative changes correlated with clinical characteristics and outcome.
MRIs of 79 FEP patients [SCID-I-verified diagnoses: schizophrenia, psychotic bipolar disorder, or other psychoses, mean age 27.6 (s.d. = 7.7) years, 66% male] and 82 healthy controls [age 29.3 (s.d. = 7.2) years, 66% male] were acquired from the same 1.5 T scanner at baseline and 1-year follow-up as part of the Thematically Organized Psychosis (TOP) study, Oslo, Norway. Scans were automatically processed with the longitudinal stream in FreeSurfer that creates an unbiased within-subject template image. General linear models were used to analyse longitudinal change in a wide range of subcortical volumes and detailed thickness and surface area estimates across the entire cortex, and associations with clinical characteristics.
FEP patients and controls did not differ significantly in annual percentage change in cortical thickness or area in any cortical region, or in any of the subcortical structures after adjustment for multiple comparisons. Within the FEP group, duration of untreated psychosis, age at illness onset, antipsychotic medication use and remission at follow-up were not related to longitudinal brain change.
We found no significant longitudinal brain changes over a 1-year period in FEP patients. Our results do not support early progressive brain changes in psychotic disorders.
PubMed ID
26526001 View in PubMed
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Beliefs about medications: measurement and relationship to adherence in patients with severe mental disorders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154404
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2009 Jan;119(1):78-84
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2009
Author
H. Jónsdóttir
S. Friis
R. Horne
K I Pettersen
A. Reikvam
O A Andreassen
Author Affiliation
Division of Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital & Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. halldora.jonsdottir@medisin.uio.no
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2009 Jan;119(1):78-84
Date
Jan-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anticonvulsants - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Antidepressive Agents - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Antipsychotic Agents - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Bipolar Disorder - drug therapy - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Culture
Female
Humans
Lithium Carbonate - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Male
Norway
Patient Compliance - psychology
Psychometrics
Psychotic Disorders - drug therapy - psychology
Psychotropic Drugs - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Questionnaires
Schizophrenia - drug therapy
Schizophrenic Psychology
Abstract
To determine if the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) has satisfactory psychometric properties in patients with severe mental disorders and if their scores differ from those of patients with severe medical disorders. To investigate if the scores are related to medication adherence.
Two hundred and eighty psychiatric patients completed the BMQ and reported how much of their medication they had taken the past week. Serum concentrations of medications were analyzed. BMQ scores were compared with those of patients with chronic medical disorders.
Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for all subscales. The psychiatric group scored lower on the necessity of taking medication than the medical group. Non-adherent patients felt medication to be less necessary and were more concerned about it than adherent patients. The necessity subscale predicted adherence fairly well.
The BMQ has satisfactory psychometric properties for use in patients with severe mental disorders. The constructs measured by the BMQ are related to adherence in these patients.
PubMed ID
18983630 View in PubMed
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Incidence of sickness certification. Proposal for use as a health status indicator.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73873
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1989 Jun;7(2):111-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1989
Author
G. Tellnes
K O Svendsen
D. Bruusgaard
T. Bjerkedal
Author Affiliation
Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Norway.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1989 Jun;7(2):111-7
Date
Jun-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Certification
Community Health Services
Disease
Family Practice
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Occupational Health Services
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Cause-, sex-, and age-specific incidences of sickness certification in a total population are reported. The population at risk of having a sickness certificate issued was 106,019 employed persons 16-69 years of age. The annual incidence of sickness certification was estimated at 580 per 1,000 employed persons per year (females 596, males 568). The most frequent causes of sickness certification, according to diagnostic groups, were diseases of the respiratory system, musculoskeletal/connective tissue diseases, mental disorders, and injuries. Adjusted for age, injuries were found to be less frequent causes of sickness certification among females than males (p less than 0.001), while the reverse was true for mental disorders (p less than 0.01). Among single diagnoses, "other nonarticular rheumatism" (including myalgia) was more frequent among females than males, while the opposite was true for "backpain without radiating symptoms" (p less than 0.001). Comparisons with morbidity studies indicate that diagnoses stated on initial certificates, issued to employed persons in the total population, give a reflection of a population's health problems. This suggests that sickness certification may provide a basis for a health status indicator which may prove useful in planning and evaluation of occupational health, general practice, and community health.
PubMed ID
2587857 View in PubMed
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The psychological aspects of the doctor-patient interaction in the healing process. General practitioners' attitudes and beliefs.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73947
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1988 Sep;6(3):149-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1988
Author
K. Drottning
D. Bruusgaard
Author Affiliation
Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Norway.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1988 Sep;6(3):149-54
Date
Sep-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease - therapy
Attitude to Health
Chronic Disease - therapy
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Physician-Patient Relations
Physicians, Family - psychology
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
The present study had three main objectives. To survey: 1) General practitioners' views on the possibility of influencing different diseases by psychological means. 2) GPs' views on the doctor/patient relationship. 3) GPs' general interest in psychosomatic issues. Altogether 180 GPs completed the questionnaire. GPs found chronic disorders to be more easily influenced by psychological means that acute disorders, and they prefer the counsellor aspects of the doctor role to the caretaker aspects. They think psychosomatic issues are very relevant to their daily work.
PubMed ID
3222585 View in PubMed
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[Too good to be true--too bad for publishing].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature206189
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1998 Feb 10;118(4):615
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-10-1998
Author
D. Bruusgaard
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1998 Feb 10;118(4):615
Date
Feb-10-1998
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Insurance, Health
Norway
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis
Registries
Reproducibility of Results
Sick Leave
PubMed ID
9520592 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1998 Jun 20;118(16):2462
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-20-1998
Author
D. Bruusgaard
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1998 Jun 20;118(16):2462
Date
Jun-20-1998
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Morbidity
Norway
Occupational Medicine
Sick Leave
Socioeconomic Factors
PubMed ID
9667119 View in PubMed
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[Prescription of benzodiazepines for daytime use. A study among general practitioners in the region of Moss].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235064
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1987 Jun 20;107(17-18):1568-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-20-1987

The association between functional status and the number of areas in the body with musculoskeletal symptoms.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature72159
Source
Int J Rehabil Res. 2000 Mar;23(1):49-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2000

Measuring functional status in a population survey. The Dartmouth COOP functional health assessment charts/WONCA used in an epidemiological study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73334
Source
Fam Pract. 1993 Jun;10(2):212-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1993
Author
D. Bruusgaard
I. Nessiøy
O. Rutle
K. Furuseth
B. Natvig
Author Affiliation
Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Norway.
Source
Fam Pract. 1993 Jun;10(2):212-8
Date
Jun-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - classification
Adult
Aged
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Female
Health Status Indicators
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Population Surveillance
Questionnaires
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
In a population study, a random sample of 398 persons from 20 to 72 years answered the six item version of the Dartmouth COOP functional health assessment charts/WONCA. The results according to age and sex are presented. The charts have been developed primarily for use in clinical settings. In a cross-sectional study in a normal population, the instrument seems feasible in use and it differentiates between the sexes and age groups.
PubMed ID
8359614 View in PubMed
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The effect of gender on emotion perception in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature161536
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Oct;116(4):263-70
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2007
Author
A. Vaskinn
K. Sundet
S. Friis
C. Simonsen
A B Birkenaes
J A Engh
H. Jónsdóttir
P A Ringen
S. Opjordsmoen
O A Andreassen
Author Affiliation
Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Norway. anja.vaskin@medisin.uio.no
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Oct;116(4):263-70
Date
Oct-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Auditory Perceptual Disorders - diagnosis - psychology
Bipolar Disorder - diagnosis - psychology
Concept Formation
Emotions
Facial Expression
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Personal Construct Theory
Schizophrenia - diagnosis
Schizophrenic Language
Schizophrenic Psychology
Sex Factors
Speech Acoustics
Speech Perception
Abstract
Impaired emotion perception is documented for schizophrenia, but findings have been mixed for bipolar disorder. In healthy samples females perform better than males. This study compared emotion perception in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and investigated the effects of gender.
Visual (facial pictures) and auditory (sentences) emotional stimuli were presented for identification and discrimination in groups of participants with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and healthy controls.
Visual emotion perception was unimpaired in both clinical groups, but the schizophrenia sample showed reduced auditory emotion perception. Healthy males and male schizophrenia subjects performed worse than their female counterparts, whereas there were no gender differences within the bipolar group.
A disease-specific auditory emotion processing deficit was confirmed in schizophrenia, especially for males. Participants with bipolar disorder performed unimpaired.
PubMed ID
17803756 View in PubMed
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35 records – page 1 of 4.